Some Capital Gazette shooting victims say they weren’t the only targets, 1st Amendment was

ANNAPOLIS, MD - JULY 02: A newspaper vending machine sells copies of The Capitol, with stories about last week's shooting at the community newspaper's office July 2, 2018 in Annapolis, Maryland. The five victims were Gerald Fischman, 61, an editorial editor; Rob Hiaasen, 59, an editor and columnist; John McNamara, 56, a sports reporter and editor; Wendi Winters, 65, a news reporter and columnist; and Rebecca Smith, 34, a sales assistant. Police arrested Jarrod Ramos, 38, in the paper's newsroom and he is being held without bond on five counts of murder. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)(Getty Images/Chip Somodevilla)

In literal terms, there’s no denying that the five people killed inside the Capital Gazette newsroom three years ago were targeted specifically for being employed by the newspaper.

But after having time to reflect, some of the victims who survived say they also think something bigger and broader was attacked too — the First Amendment — something they worry is under continued attack today.

Former Capital Gazette reporter Selene San Felice, who now works for Axios in Florida, said it was an attack on the First Amendment, “but the First Amendment is still being attacked even if people aren’t shooting us,” she said.

She and photographer Paul Gillespie cited the low wages many community news outlets pay as well as the steep decline in jobs and publications that still exist as ongoing threats to the news industry as a whole, and the First Amendment in particular.

“Local news is so important to this country,” Gillespie said. “We’re in the hearts of these neighborhoods all across our country telling stories of our neighbors. Us closing down as much as we have, like all across the country losing journalists, photojournalists, it’s a great loss and once we’re gone it’s going to be sad because no one is going to be out there covering your kid’s football games or community issues, the city council meetings and all that stuff.”

San Felice said one reason she’s still in the journalism industry is to help honor the spirits of the five people who were killed, including her former editors and mentors Rob Hiaasen and Gerald Fischman.

“A shooter can’t take down a newspaper,” she said. “Newspapers will always be around in some form, journalists will always be around in some form so no matter many of us you kill there will always be more of us to tell the truth.”

Anne Arundel County State’s Attorney Anne Colt Leitess said, in her opinion, truth is what was really attacked.

“The First Amendment allows people to say things the Capital did and the problem is the defendant could not handle the truth and he wanted to twist it into something else,” she said.

“Journalism is an opportunity for truths to be told,” she said. “I can see why people think this is about journalism. It is about truth whether it’s someone speaking the truth to someone’s face, on television, in the newspaper, the truth was attacked that day.”

John Domen

John started working at WTOP in 2016 after having grown up in Maryland listening to the station as a child. While he got his on-air start at small stations in Pennsylvania and Delaware, he's spent most of his career in the D.C. area, having been heard on several local stations before coming to WTOP.

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