Flashback: Before the Capitals, and the birth of the Cap Centre

WASHINGTON — As the Washington Capitals compete in the playoffs, many fans have probably never heard the tale of the Caps’ first home, and how the team came to be.

It started with the success of the Baltimore Bullets, owned by the late Abe Pollin, who made it to the National Basketball Association finals in 1971.

“Abe realized it would be best if the team moved to the Washington, D.C. area,” said Jerry Sachs, who had left a position as director of sports marketing for Coca-Cola, to be general manager of Pollin’s basketball team. “My job was the marketing, the business, the non-basketball side of the Bullets operation.”

Sachs told WTOP Pollin tried to get the District of Columbia, Montgomery County, Maryland, and Fairfax County, Virginia, to build an arena, and he would bring a tenant — the Bullets.

When nobody took him up on his offer, Pollin researched and determined a privately-owned and operated arena could work, but he would need a second tenant.

Someone suggested Pollin buy a hockey team.

“Abe had never seen a hockey game in his life,” said Sachs.

This photo shows the Capital Centre from above, including the parking lot and fields surrounding the venue. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
In its heyday, the Capital Centre in Landover, Maryland, was home to Abe Pollin’s Bullets and Capitals, and the site of countless concerts, social and political gatherings. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

The Capital Centre takes shape over the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
The Capital Centre was built on land left-over from the construction of the Capital Beltway, said Cap Centre president Jerry Sachs. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

The Capital Centre takes shape over the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
The Capital Centre needed to be built quickly, to be ready for the 1974 NHL season, as the home to the expansion Capitals. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

A view of the Capital Centre  from 1973. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
When it opened in 1973, the Capital Centre’s innovations included computerized ticketing, luxury boxes and a center scoreboard which showed replays.  (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

This photo shows inside of the Capital Centre the night of a 1974 concert. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Early concerts in the Cap Centre included the Allman Brothers, Eric Clapton and Deep Purple. In its first year, the arena hosted 59 concerts. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

Abe Pollin, the Capital Centre's chairman of the board, proposed to complete building the indoor arena in 14 months. Just five weeks past 14 months, the Baltimore Bullets played NBA basketball in the venue. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Abe Pollin, the Capital Centre’s chairman of the board, proposed to complete building the indoor arena in 14 months. The Cap Centre was the first home to the Capitals and the NBA’s Capital Bullets. The Bullets later became the Washington Wizards. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

As president of the Capital Centre, Jerry Sachs was considered by Abe Pollins right hand man. Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
As president of the Capital Centre, Jerry Sachs was considered by Abe Pollin’s right-hand man. Sachs was responsible for most aspects of the center’s operations. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

This 1973 photo shows a production manager in a control room at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
This 1973 photo shows a production manager in a control room at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

In this 1981 photo, Sheldon Shemer controls the Telescreen in a control booth at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
In this 1981 photo, Sheldon Shemer controls the Telescreen in a control booth at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Here’s a look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Concerts at the Capital Centre included all of music’s biggests stars. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Legendary sports moments happened at the Cap Centre, ranging from basketball, to hockey, to boxing, and rodeo. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)

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This photo shows the Capital Centre from above, including the parking lot and fields surrounding the venue. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
The Capital Centre takes shape over the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
The Capital Centre takes shape over the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
A view of the Capital Centre  from 1973. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
This photo shows inside of the Capital Centre the night of a 1974 concert. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Abe Pollin, the Capital Centre's chairman of the board, proposed to complete building the indoor arena in 14 months. Just five weeks past 14 months, the Baltimore Bullets played NBA basketball in the venue. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
As president of the Capital Centre, Jerry Sachs was considered by Abe Pollins right hand man. Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
This 1973 photo shows a production manager in a control room at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
In this 1981 photo, Sheldon Shemer controls the Telescreen in a control booth at the Capital Centre. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
A look at iconic moments at the Capital Centre through the years. (Courtesy Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Library Washingtoniana Collection)
Pollin spoke with Jack Kent Cooke, who was the owner-operator of the Los Angeles Forum, the NBA’s Lakers and NHL’s Kings, as well as Ned Irish, who was president of Madison Square Garden and the New York Knicks.

“They convinced him that hockey was a pretty good way to have a successful franchise,” said Sachs.

On the last day franchise applications were being accepted by the NHL, Pollin’s group submitted its plan, and was selected.

The only hitch? Pollin needed a place for his team to play.

“It had to be up and operating for the 1974 NHL season,” Sachs said.

Sachs said Pollin found land available in Landover.

“The land was actually left over from the construction of the Beltway,” said Sachs. “It was landlocked, it had no access, and Metro was not even in the planning stages for anything in that area [of Prince George’s County, inside Interstate 495].”

Roads had to be built by the county to bring fans to the site, as Sachs and Pollin dealt with tight deadlines.

“We went crazy, we were designing and building at the same time, the George Hyman Construction Company was magnificent,” said Sachs.

“We had the rainiest fall in the history of Washington, but indeed we opened on Dec. 3, 1973,”  with a Bullets game against the Seattle Supersonics.

Given its location, and the region’s  infrastructure, traffic jams quickly became legendary at the Cap Centre.

“There was no public transportation, everyone who came to the Capital Centre came by wheels,” said Sachs.

Sachs said Pollin gave employees latitude to innovate, including being the first arena built with luxury boxes.

“Abe let us do extraordinary things,” said Sachs. “We created the first center scoreboard with replays, we actually created our own ticketing system.”

Its first year in existence was not without problems. The Cap Centre’s Ticket Centre system often double-sold computerized tickets.

And, oh yeah, the 1974-75 Washington Capitals were the worst team in NHL history, with a record of 8 wins, 67 losses and 5 ties.

The Capital Centre became much more than a basketball and hockey arena.

“The first year we opened, we had 59 concerts,” said Sachs. “Contemporary music was exploding at the time.”

Early bands at the Cap Centre included Allman Brothers, Alice Cooper, Eric Clapton, Bob Dylan and The Who.

The Cap Centre even hosted political events.

“We actually had the inaugural parade for the second Reagan inaugural (in 1985),” said Sachs. “The Surgeon General had determined it would be too (cold) for children to be marching in the parade because of frostbite.”

Fielding a call from the White House the night before the parade, Sachs and his team met with the Secret Service and Presidential Inaugural Committee, to coordinate the impromptu event.

“They marched through the concourse, and on the floor, the bands played,” recalled Sachs. “The Bushes came by motorcade, the Reagans came by helicopter and landed on a parking lot.”

Ironically, Pollin was one of the last to know.

“Abe was on the West Coast, and we couldn’t communicate with him, since this was pre-cellphone days,” laughs Sachs. “He had no idea the inaugural parade was going on in his building, until he saw it on television, and called and asked, ‘What the hell is going on in my building?'”

Over the years, until its demolition in 2002, the Capital Centre’s legend grew.

In 1986, filmmakers Jeff Krulik and John Heyn shot “Heavy Metal Parking Lot,” in the arena’s parking lot, featuring fans gathered for a Judas Priest concert.

Krulik and Sachs are hosting a “Capital Centre Family Reunion,” on Sunday, May 21, to celebrate the arena’s legacy, at University of Maryland’s Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center.

Anyone who ever worked at the Cap Centre is invited to the free event.

“Every employee who is available and wants to relive their experiences at the Capital Centre, and re-establish relationships,” said Sachs. “It really was the Capital Centre family.”

Editor’s note: Corrects year of President Reagan’s inaugural parade.

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