Riders with phones that have the technology would be able to tap their phone on the faregates in the same location other riders continue to tap their SmarTrip cards. To do so, Metro expects to require riders to download a mobile app that can be used to load money into a SmarTrip account.
Even when Metro launches the app, not all phones with near-field communication technology will immediately be eligible.
“Each mobile provider will announce the ability for customers to pay for Metro trips using their service on their own timetable,” Metro said in a statement.
The app is expected to launch in Dec. 2018, with fare payments starting in 2019.
When upgrades are complete, the payments will work anywhere a SmarTrip card is accepted, including Metrorail, Metrobus and regional bus services. The upgrades to the tapped targets in the rail system are about 75 percent finished, with full completion expected this summer.
Metro is in the process of upgrading existing fareboxes, faregates and fare vending machines.
“Major system elements including faregates, fare vendors and fare boxes are designed with a 15-year life and many components have well exceeded their design life,” documents prepared for the Metro Board said.
Metro plans to continue to maintain the current system until a more significant replacement.
By 2020, Metro plans to install new faregates at all 91 rail stations to replace the existing ones that are more than 25 years old and use the system’s original power and communications setup.
Power and communications upgrades are scheduled to be completed by the end of 2018.
Metro has yet to settle on specific designs for the faregates.
“WMATA will see improvements to the bottom line with improved system uptime at a lower cost to operate,” the board documents said. “The system will be designed to reduce the opportunity for fare evasion through tighter barrier controls and better reporting capability for enforcement.”
Metrobus fareboxes will also be replaced. They are about 15 years old, and the driver interfaces are obsolete. Field testing of the upgrades is scheduled to start this spring, with the first actual upgrades for the drivers’ systems starting in Jan. 2019. The upgrades would better incorporate information on the GPS location of buses into fare collection data to provide more details for bus planners.
Regional bus services have been concerned that overall farebox upgrades are not coming fast enough to keep all of their systems in service. Complete farebox upgrades are now scheduled to start rolling out on buses in late 2019.
After the faregate replacement, Metro plans to upgrade the fare vending machines in stations by around 2021.
The new machines are scheduled to be touch screens that allow for information in multiple languages, but formal design has not yet begun.
“Customers need a fare system that is intuitive to understand and easy to use,” the board documents said.
Some of the machines will not accept cash, which will allow them to take up much less space. Other machines that do accept cash will remain.
As part of that long-term upgrade, Metro also plans new exit fare machines to accept debit or credit cards.
Design of the new machines is scheduled to finish in early 2020, with the first new machines appearing for customers later that year.
Around the same time, Metro plans to roll out new back end fare system software.
Like WTOP on Facebook and follow @WTOP on Twitter to engage in conversation about this article and others.