Today in History: Jan. 20

In this Monday, Jan. 25,  2010 photo, the Arizona Memorial marks the location where the USS Arizona's final resting place is in Naval Station Pearl Harbor in Honolulu. The Japanese attack happened Dec. 7, 1941. The USS Arizona is the final resting place for 1177 crew members who lost their lives in the attack. Hickam Air Force Base which is located next to Naval Station Pearl Harbor will be merged together as a way to streamline cost for both military installations. (AP Photo/Eugene Tanner)
In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base. (AP Photo/Eugene Tanner) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Eugene Tanner)
Exterior view of the house of the 'Wannsee Conference' in Berlin, Germany, Friday, Jan. 20, 2012. In this house, a former industrialist's villa used from 1941 to 1945 by the SS as a conference center and guest house, on 20 January 1942, fifteen high-ranking representatives of the SS, the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party) and various ministries met to discuss their cooperation in the planned deportation and murder of the European Jews. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn, Pool)
In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their “final solution” that called for exterminating Jews. Pictured here is an exterior view of the house of the ‘Wannsee Conference’ in Berlin, Germany, Friday, Jan. 20, 2012. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn, Pool) (AP/Michael Sohn)
The first of the 52 American hostages freed from Iran, leave a U.S. Airforce hospital plane after its arrival at Rhein-Main Air Base, near Frankfurt, Germany, January 21, 1981. The group was later met by former President Jimmy Carter, who had negotiated for their release right up to the last hours of his Presidency. The United States had agreed to unfreeze Iran's assets in exchange for the hostages freedom. (AP Photo/Str) ---- Die ersten der 52 aus dem Iran befreiten amerikanischen Geiseln verlassen  das Krankentransportflugzeug der US Air Force auf der Rhein-Main Air Base in der Naehe Frankfurts, am 21. Januar, 1981. Spaeter wird sich die Gruppe mit dem ehemaligen US Praesidenten Jimmy Carter treffen, der sich bis zum Ende seiner Amtszeit fuer die Freilassung der Geiseln eingesetzt hatte. Im Gegenzug sicherte Carter dem Iran die Aufhebung des eingefrorenen Auslandsvermoegen zu. (AP Photo/Str)
In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan. Here, the first of the 52 American hostages freed from Iran, leave a U.S. Airforce hospital plane after its arrival at Rhein-Main Air Base, near Frankfurt, Germany, January 21, 1981. (AP Photo/Str) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/STR)
George W. Bush takes the oath of office from Chief Justice William Rehnquist to become the 43rd president Saturday, Jan. 20, 2001, in Washington. Wife Laura Bush holds the Bible and daughter Jenna watches. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)
In 2001, George Walker Bush became America’s 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history. (AP Photo/Doug Mills) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/DOUG MILLS)
FILE - In this Jan. 20, 2017 file photo, President Donald Trump gives a thumbs after being sworn in as the 45th president of the U.S. during the 58th Presidential Inauguration on Capitol Hill in Washington. Trump has demonstrated more than once that he can project a more disciplined and presidential style when he wants, only to quickly slip back to his old ways. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)
On Jan. 20, 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, pledging emphatically to empower America’s “forgotten men and women.” Protesters registered their rage against the new president in a chaotic confrontation with police just blocks from the inaugural parade. FILE – In this Jan. 20, 2017 file photo, President Donald Trump gives a thumbs after being sworn in as the 45th president of the U.S. during the 58th Presidential Inauguration on Capitol Hill in Washington. Trump has demonstrated more than once that he can project a more disciplined and presidential style when he wants, only to quickly slip back to his old ways. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)
On this date in 1995, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. Here, Faulkner, center, marches with her company on Monday, Aug. 14, 1995. (AP Photo/Wade Spees, Pool)
In 1994, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. (Faulkner joined the cadet corps in Aug. 1995 under court order but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress from the legal battle.) On this date in 1995, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina’s state military college. Here, Faulkner, center, marches with her company on Monday, Aug. 14, 1995. (AP Photo/Wade Spees, Pool) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/WADE SPEES)
The Martin Luther King Jr. Day holiday will mean several changes to what is open Monday, Jan. 16. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak)
In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. The Martin Luther King Jr. National Memorial is seen as cherry blossoms begin to bloom on the Tidal Basin in Washington, Monday, March 19, 2012. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak) (AP/Charles Dharapak)
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In this Monday, Jan. 25,  2010 photo, the Arizona Memorial marks the location where the USS Arizona's final resting place is in Naval Station Pearl Harbor in Honolulu. The Japanese attack happened Dec. 7, 1941. The USS Arizona is the final resting place for 1177 crew members who lost their lives in the attack. Hickam Air Force Base which is located next to Naval Station Pearl Harbor will be merged together as a way to streamline cost for both military installations. (AP Photo/Eugene Tanner)
Exterior view of the house of the 'Wannsee Conference' in Berlin, Germany, Friday, Jan. 20, 2012. In this house, a former industrialist's villa used from 1941 to 1945 by the SS as a conference center and guest house, on 20 January 1942, fifteen high-ranking representatives of the SS, the NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party) and various ministries met to discuss their cooperation in the planned deportation and murder of the European Jews. (AP Photo/Michael Sohn, Pool)
The first of the 52 American hostages freed from Iran, leave a U.S. Airforce hospital plane after its arrival at Rhein-Main Air Base, near Frankfurt, Germany, January 21, 1981. The group was later met by former President Jimmy Carter, who had negotiated for their release right up to the last hours of his Presidency. The United States had agreed to unfreeze Iran's assets in exchange for the hostages freedom. (AP Photo/Str) ---- Die ersten der 52 aus dem Iran befreiten amerikanischen Geiseln verlassen  das Krankentransportflugzeug der US Air Force auf der Rhein-Main Air Base in der Naehe Frankfurts, am 21. Januar, 1981. Spaeter wird sich die Gruppe mit dem ehemaligen US Praesidenten Jimmy Carter treffen, der sich bis zum Ende seiner Amtszeit fuer die Freilassung der Geiseln eingesetzt hatte. Im Gegenzug sicherte Carter dem Iran die Aufhebung des eingefrorenen Auslandsvermoegen zu. (AP Photo/Str)
George W. Bush takes the oath of office from Chief Justice William Rehnquist to become the 43rd president Saturday, Jan. 20, 2001, in Washington. Wife Laura Bush holds the Bible and daughter Jenna watches. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)
FILE - In this Jan. 20, 2017 file photo, President Donald Trump gives a thumbs after being sworn in as the 45th president of the U.S. during the 58th Presidential Inauguration on Capitol Hill in Washington. Trump has demonstrated more than once that he can project a more disciplined and presidential style when he wants, only to quickly slip back to his old ways. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky, File)
On this date in 1995, Shannon Faulkner officially became the first female cadet in the history of The Citadel, South Carolina's state military college. Here, Faulkner, center, marches with her company on Monday, Aug. 14, 1995. (AP Photo/Wade Spees, Pool)
The Martin Luther King Jr. Day holiday will mean several changes to what is open Monday, Jan. 16. (AP Photo/Charles Dharapak)

Today is Sunday, Jan. 20, the 20th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Jan. 20, 2017, Donald Trump was sworn in as the 45th president of the United States, pledging emphatically to empower America’s “forgotten men and women.” Protesters registered their rage against the new president in a chaotic confrontation with police just blocks from the inaugural parade.

On this date:

In 1649, King Charles I of England went on trial, accused of high treason (he was found guilty and executed by month’s end).

In 1887, the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.

In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4.

In 1942, Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their “final solution” that called for exterminating Europe’s Jews.

In 1953, Dwight D. Eisenhower took the oath of office as president of the United States; Richard M. Nixon was sworn in as vice president.

In 1964, Capitol Records released the album “Meet the Beatles!”

In 1969, Richard M. Nixon was inaugurated as the 37th President of the United States.

In 1981, Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.

In 1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1989, George H.W. Bush was sworn in as the 41st president of the United States; Dan Quayle was sworn in as vice president.

In 1994, Shannon Faulkner became the first woman to attend classes at The Citadel in South Carolina. (Faulkner joined the cadet corps in Aug. 1995 under court order but soon dropped out, citing isolation and stress from the legal battle.)

In 2001, George Walker Bush became America’s 43rd president after one of the most turbulent elections in U.S. history.

Ten years ago: Barack Obama was sworn in as the nation’s 44th, as well as first African-American, president. Russian natural gas began flowing into Ukraine after a nearly two-week cutoff that had left large parts of Europe cold and dark.

Five years ago: Iran unplugged banks of centrifuges involved in its most sensitive nuclear enrichment program, prompting the U.S. and the European Union to partially lift economic sanctions as a landmark deal aimed at easing concerns over Iran’s nuclear program went into effect. American missionary Kenneth Bae, jailed in North Korea for more than a year, appeared before reporters in Pyongyang and appealed to the U.S. government to do its best to secure his release. (Bae and fellow American Matthew Miller were freed in Nov. 2014.)

One year ago: A dispute in Congress over spending and immigration forced scores of federal government agencies and outposts to close their doors; tourists were turned away from sites including the Statue of Liberty and Philadelphia’s Independence Hall. (Congress voted two days later to temporarily pay for resumed operations.) On the anniversary of President Donald Trump’s inauguration, demonstrators in cities across the country marched in support of female empowerment and denounced Trump’s views on immigration, abortion, LGBT rights and other issues.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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