Today in History: Nov. 20

This is a copy of the cover of the U.S. Constitution.
In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.   (Getty Images/iStockphoto/giftlegacy)
The British Attorney General Sir Hartley Shawcross speaking at the War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremberg, on Nov. 15, 1945, opposed a possible postponement of the Nuremberg trials. A medical report had been read that Gustav Krupp the munitions magnate was dying and was unlikely to face trial. The British Attorney General Sir Hartley Shawcross, bottom right, is seen addressing the court at Nuremberg. (AP Photo)
In 1945, 22 former Nazi officials went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. Almost a year later, the International Military Tribune sentenced 12 of the defendants to death; seven received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life; three were acquitted. (AP Photo) (AP)
Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, wave to the crowds from a balcony of Buckingham Palace after their return from Westminster Abbey following their marriage, Nov. 20, 1947. (AP Photo)
In 1947, Britain’s future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Philip Mountbatten, Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey. (AP Photo) (AP)
Part of a band of American Indians look over the main cell block of Alcatraz after occupying the island for the second time in two weeks in San Francisco on Nov. 19, 1969. The Indians say they want the island for a new Indian center to replace a San Francisco building destroyed by fire. The General Service Administration asked the Indians to leave but threatened no immediate action. (AP Photo/RWK)
In 1969, a group of American Indian activists began a 19-month occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay. (AP Photo/RWK) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Anonymous)
An undated photo of Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain. (AP Photo/fls)
In 1975, after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain’s Generalissimo Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday. (AP Photo/fls) (AP)
In 1976, the boxing drama "Rocky," a United Artists release starring Sylvester Stallone as a journeyman fighter who's given the chance to face the heavyweight champion, premiered in New York.  (AP Photo/Amy Sancetta)
In 1976, the boxing drama “Rocky,” a United Artists release starring Sylvester Stallone as a journeyman fighter who’s given the chance to face the heavyweight champion, premiered in New York.   In this file photo, the 8-foot, 6-inch tall statue of movie character “Rocky,” given to the city by actor Sylvester Stallone, stands before the Philadelphia Museum of Art in Philadelphia in this Feb. 21, 1990, file photo. The city’s Art Commission approved a plan Wednesday, Sept. 6, 2006 to return the statue of the big-screen boxer to a site near the steps of the Philadelphia Museum of Art. (AP Photo/Amy Sancetta) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/AMY SANCETTA)
FILE - In this Aug. 24, 1995, file photo, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates sits on stage during a video portion of the Windows 95 Launch Event  on the company's campus in Redmond, Wash. One of the biggest changes with Windows 8 is the disappearance of the familiar start button at the lower left corner of the screen. There will be a new screen filled with a colorful array of tiles, each leading to a different application, task or collection of files. (AP Photo/File)
In 1985, the first version of Microsoft’s Windows operating system, Windows 1.0, was officially released.   In this Aug. 24, 1995, file photo, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates sits on stage during a video portion of the Windows 95 Launch Event on the company’s campus in Redmond, Wash. One of the biggest changes with Windows 8 is the disappearance of the familiar start button at the lower left corner of the screen. There will be a new screen filled with a colorful array of tiles, each leading to a different application, task or collection of files. (AP Photo/File) (AP)
FILE - In this March 15, 2005 file photo, Pop star Michael Jackson leaves the Santa Barbara County Courthouse with his father, Joe, left, in Santa Maria, Calif., following a day of testimony in Jackson's trial on charges of child molestation. Jackson, 50, died in Los Angeles on Thursday, June 25, 2009. (AP Photo/Michael A. Mariant, file)
In 2003, Michael Jackson was booked on suspicion of child molestation in Santa Barbara, Calif. (Jackson was later acquitted at trial.) In this March 15, 2005 file photo, Pop star Michael Jackson leaves the Santa Barbara County Courthouse with his father, Joe, left, in Santa Maria, Calif., following a day of testimony in Jackson’s trial on charges of child molestation. Jackson, 50, died in Los Angeles on Thursday, June 25, 2009. (AP Photo/Michael A. Mariant, file) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/MICHAEL A. MARIANT)
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This is a copy of the cover of the U.S. Constitution.
The British Attorney General Sir Hartley Shawcross speaking at the War Crimes Tribunal at Nuremberg, on Nov. 15, 1945, opposed a possible postponement of the Nuremberg trials. A medical report had been read that Gustav Krupp the munitions magnate was dying and was unlikely to face trial. The British Attorney General Sir Hartley Shawcross, bottom right, is seen addressing the court at Nuremberg. (AP Photo)
Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, wave to the crowds from a balcony of Buckingham Palace after their return from Westminster Abbey following their marriage, Nov. 20, 1947. (AP Photo)
Part of a band of American Indians look over the main cell block of Alcatraz after occupying the island for the second time in two weeks in San Francisco on Nov. 19, 1969. The Indians say they want the island for a new Indian center to replace a San Francisco building destroyed by fire. The General Service Administration asked the Indians to leave but threatened no immediate action. (AP Photo/RWK)
An undated photo of Generalissimo Francisco Franco of Spain. (AP Photo/fls)
In 1976, the boxing drama "Rocky," a United Artists release starring Sylvester Stallone as a journeyman fighter who's given the chance to face the heavyweight champion, premiered in New York.  (AP Photo/Amy Sancetta)
FILE - In this Aug. 24, 1995, file photo, Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates sits on stage during a video portion of the Windows 95 Launch Event  on the company's campus in Redmond, Wash. One of the biggest changes with Windows 8 is the disappearance of the familiar start button at the lower left corner of the screen. There will be a new screen filled with a colorful array of tiles, each leading to a different application, task or collection of files. (AP Photo/File)
FILE - In this March 15, 2005 file photo, Pop star Michael Jackson leaves the Santa Barbara County Courthouse with his father, Joe, left, in Santa Maria, Calif., following a day of testimony in Jackson's trial on charges of child molestation. Jackson, 50, died in Los Angeles on Thursday, June 25, 2009. (AP Photo/Michael A. Mariant, file)

Today is Wednesday, Nov. 20, the 324th day of 2019. There are 41 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Nov. 20, 1985, the first version of Microsoft’s Windows operating system, Windows 1.0, was officially released.

On this date:

In 1789, New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.

In 1910, the Mexican Revolution of 1910 had its beginnings under the Plan of San Luis Potosi issued by Francisco I. Madero.

In 1945, 22 former Nazi officials went on trial before an international war crimes tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany. (Almost a year later, the International Military Tribune sentenced 12 of the defendants to death; seven received prison sentences ranging from 10 years to life; three were acquitted.)

In 1947, Britain’s future queen, Princess Elizabeth, married Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey.

In 1966, the musical play “Cabaret,“ set in pre-Nazi Germany, opened on Broadway with Jill Haworth as Sally Bowles and Joel Grey as the Master of Ceremonies.

In 1967, the U.S. Census Bureau’s Population Clock at the Commerce Department ticked past 200 million.

In 1969, the Nixon administration announced a halt to residential use of the pesticide DDT as part of a total phaseout. A group of American Indian activists began a 19-month occupation of Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.

In 1975, after nearly four decades of absolute rule, Spain’s Generalissimo Francisco Franco died, two weeks before his 83rd birthday.

In 1984, pop star Michael Jackson was inducted into the Hollywood Walk of Fame with the unveiling of his star in front of a horde of screaming fans.

In 1998, forty-six states embraced a $206 billion settlement with cigarette makers over health costs for treating sick smokers.

In 2000, lawyers for Al Gore and George W. Bush battled before the Florida Supreme Court over whether the presidential election recount should be allowed to continue.

In 2003, Michael Jackson was booked on suspicion of child molestation in Santa Barbara, Calif. (Jackson was later acquitted at trial.) Record producer Phil Spector was charged with murder in the shooting death of an actress, Lana Clarkson, at his home in Alhambra (al-HAM’-bruh), California. (Spector’s first trial ended with a hung jury in 2007; he was convicted of second-degree murder in 2009 and sentenced to 19 years to life in prison.)

Ten years ago: Scientists in Geneva restarted the Large Hadron (HAD’-ruhn) Collider, the world’s largest atom smasher, after a year of repairs. A Chinese national killed four people and wounded nine in a shooting rampage on the Pacific island of Saipan before taking his own life. Holding back tears, Oprah Winfrey told her studio audience that she would end her talk show in 2011 after a quarter-century on the air.

Five years ago: Spurning furious Republicans, President Barack Obama unveiled expansive executive actions on immigration during a televised address that would spare nearly 5 million people who were in the U.S. illegally from deportation and refocus enforcement efforts on “felons, not families.“ MLB Commissioner Bud Selig announced that baseball owners had unanimously approved a five-year term for his successor, Rob Manfred.

One year ago: President Donald Trump declared that he would not further punish Saudi Arabia for the murder of U.S.-based columnist Jamal Khashoggi (jah-MAHL’ khahr-SHOHK’-jee), dismissing reports from U.S. intelligence agencies that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman must have at least known about the plot to kill the writer. Trump said a judge who had ruled against his bid to deny asylum to migrants who enter the county illegally was an “Obama judge” on an appeals court that he said was biased against him. Health officials in the U.S. and Canada told people to stop eating romaine lettuce because of a new E. coli outbreak. Ray Chavez, the oldest U.S. military survivor of the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, died in southern California at the age of 106.

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