Today in History: Nov. 15

A copy of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, the first constitution of governing the United States, is shown in 1963.  The articles were agreed to by Congress on Nov. 15, 1777.  (AP Photo)
In 1777, the Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation. Here’s a copy of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, the first constitution of governing the United States, is shown in 1963. The articles were agreed to by Congress on Nov. 15, 1777. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. (Buzz), and James A. Lovell Jr, pictures with space capsule in the water and the helicopter recovery of the astronauts, shown in an undated photo. (AP Photo)
In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12, the final mission of the Gemini program, ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic after spending four days in orbit. Here, Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. (Buzz) and James A. Lovell are pictured with a space capsule in the water and the helicopter recovery of the astronauts, shown in an undated photo. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Snow covered Garden of the Gods Park in Colorado Springs at the base of 14000 foot Pikes Peak in the wintertime.
In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as Pikes (cq) Peak in present-day Colorado. Snow covered Garden of the Gods Park in Colorado Springs at the base of 14000 foot Pikes Peak in the wintertime. (Thinkstock)
iStock/Thinkstock
In 1937, at the U.S. Capitol, members of the House and Senate met in air-conditioned chambers for the first time. (iStock/Thinkstock) (Getty Images/iStockphoto/rarrarorro)
Baby Fae who is the receipient of a transplanted baboon heart. Baby Fae is seen at Loma Linda University Medical Center, November 1984. (AP Photo/Duane R. Miller)
In 1984, Stephanie Fae Beauclair, the infant publicly known as “Baby Fae” who had received a baboon’s heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one, died at Loma Linda University Medical Center in California three weeks after the transplant. Baby Fae who is the receipient of a transplanted baboon heart. Baby Fae is seen at Loma Linda University Medical Center, November 1984. (AP Photo/Duane R. Miller) (AP/Duane R. Miller)
US Army soldiers remove the wreckage of an U.S. Army Black Hawk helicopter, Sunday, Nov 16, 2003 after it crashed into a residential area in Mosul, northern Iraq, late Saturday.  A military spokesman said that the  two helicopters which crashed belonged to the 101st Airborne Division, which controls northern Iraq and that the reasons were not yet clear. At least 17 US Army soldiers where killed. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)
In 2003, two Black Hawk helicopters collided and crashed in Iraq; 17 U.S. troops were killed. US Army soldiers remove the wreckage of an U.S. Army Black Hawk helicopter, Sunday, Nov 16, 2003 after it crashed into a residential area in Mosul, northern Iraq, late Saturday. A military spokesman said that the two helicopters which crashed belonged to the 101st Airborne Division, which controls northern Iraq and that the reasons were not yet clear. At least 17 US Army soldiers where killed. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/ANJA NIEDRINGHAUS)
FILE - In this Nov. 15, 2013 file photo, Miles Scott, dressed as Batkid, stands next to Batman as he receives the key to the city from San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee, left, at a rally outside of City Hall in San Francisco. Mayor Lee, who oversaw a technology-driven economic boom in San Francisco that brought with it sky-high housing prices despite his lifelong commitment to economic equality, died suddenly early Tuesday, Dec. 12, 2017, at age 65. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu, File)
In 2013, dressed in a black Batman costume, 5-year-old leukemia patient Miles Scott fulfilled his wish to be his favorite superhero, fighting villains and rescuing a damsel in distress in an elaborate fantasy staged by the city of San Francisco and arranged by the Make-a-Wish Foundation. (The event cost the city $105,000, but the tab was picked up by the John and Marcia Goldman Foundation.) FILE – In this Nov. 15, 2013 file photo, Miles Scott, dressed as Batkid, stands next to Batman as he receives the key to the city from San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee, left, at a rally outside of City Hall in San Francisco. Mayor Lee, who oversaw a technology-driven economic boom in San Francisco that brought with it sky-high housing prices despite his lifelong commitment to economic equality, died suddenly early Tuesday, Dec. 12, 2017, at age 65. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu, File) (AP/Jeff Chiu)
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A copy of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, the first constitution of governing the United States, is shown in 1963.  The articles were agreed to by Congress on Nov. 15, 1777.  (AP Photo)
Edwin E. Aldrin Jr. (Buzz), and James A. Lovell Jr, pictures with space capsule in the water and the helicopter recovery of the astronauts, shown in an undated photo. (AP Photo)
Snow covered Garden of the Gods Park in Colorado Springs at the base of 14000 foot Pikes Peak in the wintertime.
iStock/Thinkstock
Baby Fae who is the receipient of a transplanted baboon heart. Baby Fae is seen at Loma Linda University Medical Center, November 1984. (AP Photo/Duane R. Miller)
US Army soldiers remove the wreckage of an U.S. Army Black Hawk helicopter, Sunday, Nov 16, 2003 after it crashed into a residential area in Mosul, northern Iraq, late Saturday.  A military spokesman said that the  two helicopters which crashed belonged to the 101st Airborne Division, which controls northern Iraq and that the reasons were not yet clear. At least 17 US Army soldiers where killed. (AP Photo/Anja Niedringhaus)
FILE - In this Nov. 15, 2013 file photo, Miles Scott, dressed as Batkid, stands next to Batman as he receives the key to the city from San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee, left, at a rally outside of City Hall in San Francisco. Mayor Lee, who oversaw a technology-driven economic boom in San Francisco that brought with it sky-high housing prices despite his lifelong commitment to economic equality, died suddenly early Tuesday, Dec. 12, 2017, at age 65. (AP Photo/Jeff Chiu, File)

Today is Nov. 15, the 319th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Nov. 15, 1864, during the Civil War, Union forces led by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman began their “March to the Sea” from Atlanta; the campaign ended with the capture of Savannah on Dec. 21.

On this date:

In 1777, the Second Continental Congress approved the Articles of Confederation.

In 1806, explorer Zebulon Pike sighted the mountaintop now known as Pikes (cq) Peak in present-day Colorado.

In 1937, at the U.S. Capitol, members of the House and Senate met in air-conditioned chambers for the first time.

In 1942, the naval Battle of Guadalcanal ended during World War II with a decisive U.S. victory over Japanese forces.

In 1959, four members of the Clutter family of Holcomb, Kansas, were found murdered in their home. (Ex-convicts Richard Hickock and Perry Smith were later convicted of the killings and hanged in a case made famous by the Truman Capote book “In Cold Blood.”)

In 1966, the flight of Gemini 12, the final mission of the Gemini program, ended successfully as astronauts James A. Lovell and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. splashed down safely in the Atlantic after spending four days in orbit.

In 1982, funeral services were held in Moscow’s Red Square for the late Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev.

In 1984, Stephanie Fae Beauclair, the infant publicly known as “Baby Fae” who had received a baboon’s heart to replace her own congenitally deformed one, died at Loma Linda University Medical Center in California three weeks after the transplant.

In 1986, a government tribunal in Nicaragua convicted American Eugene Hasenfus of charges related to his role in delivering arms to Contra rebels, and sentenced him to 30 years in prison. (Hasenfus was pardoned a month later.)

In 1987, 28 of 82 people aboard a Continental Airlines DC-9, including the pilots, were killed when the jetliner crashed seconds after taking off from Denver’s Stapleton International Airport.

In 1998, Kwame Ture (KWAH’-may TUR’-ay), the civil rights activist formerly known as Stokely Carmichael, died in Guinea at age 57.

In 2003, two Black Hawk helicopters collided and crashed in Iraq; 17 U.S. troops were killed.

In 2008: World leaders battling an economic crisis agreed in Washington to flag risky investing and regulatory weak spots in hopes of avoiding future financial meltdowns. A wildfire destroyed nearly 500 mobile homes in Los Angeles. Gay rights supporters marched in cities coast to coast to protest the vote that banned gay marriage in California. Somali pirates hijacked the Sirius Star, a Saudi-owned oil supertanker, in the Indian Ocean. (The ship was released eight weeks later after the pirates were reportedly paid a ransom.)

In 2013: Toronto Mayor Rob Ford vowed to take the City Council to court after it voted overwhelmingly to strip him of some of his powers over his admitted drug use, public drinking and increasingly erratic behavior. China’s leaders announced the first significant easing of their one-child policy in nearly 30 years and moved to abolish its labor camp system. Dressed in a black Batman costume, 5-year-old leukemia patient Miles Scott fulfilled his wish to be his favorite superhero, fighting villains and rescuing a damsel in distress in an elaborate fantasy staged by the city of San Francisco and arranged by the Make-a-Wish Foundation. (The event cost the city $105,000, but the tab was picked up by the John and Marcia Goldman Foundation.)

In 2017: Zimbabwe’s military was in control of the country’s capital and the state broadcaster and held 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife under house arrest; the military emphasized that it had not staged a takeover but was instead starting a process to restore the country’s democracy. (The military intervention, hugely popular in Zimbabwe, led to impeachment proceedings against Mugabe, who was replaced.) Eight members of a family who were among more than two dozen people killed in a shooting at a small Texas church were mourned at a funeral attended by 3,000 people. Max Scherzer of the Washington Nationals won his third Cy Young award; Cleveland Indians ace Corey Kluber was the winner in the American League.

 

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