Today in History: July 20

This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting.  (AP Photo)

In 1923, Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa was assassinated by gunmen in Parral. This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)

On this day in 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.This is an undated photo of Roosevelt at Campobello Island, off the coast of New Brunswick, Canada. (AP Photo)
In 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago. This undated photo shows Roosevelt at Campobello Island, off the coast of New Brunswick, Canada. (AP Photo) (AP)
Astronaut Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.  poses for a photograph beside the U.S. flag deployed on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969.  Aldrin and fellow astronaut Neil Armstrong were the first men to walk on the lunar surface with temperatures ranging from 243 degrees above to 279 degrees below zero.  Astronaut  Michael Collins flew the command module.  The trio was launched to the moon by a Saturn V launch vehicle at 9:32 a.m. EDT, July 16, 1969. They departed the moon July 21, 1969. (AP Photo/NASA/Neil A. Armstrong)

In 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module. Here, Aldrin poses for a photograph beside the U.S. flag deployed on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission. (AP Photo/NASA/Neil A. Armstrong) (AP/NEIL A. ARMSTRONG)

Viking project director Albert J. Kullas explains the full scale model of the lander after it was unveiled during a news briefing at the Martin Marietta space center in Denver, Colo., Feb. 11, 1971.  Viking will travel nearly a year and some 460-million miles before reaching Mars in mid-1976.  (AP Photo)
1976, America’s Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars. Here, Viking project director Albert J. Kullas explains the full scale model of the lander after it was unveiled during a news briefing at the Martin Marietta space center in Denver, Colo. in 1971. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Six soldiers from the Royal Green jackets were killed by an IRA bomb under the Bandstand in Hyde Park, London, July 20, 1982, and a further 24 were injured. This bomb went off two hours after another bomb killed two soldiers and seven horses of the Queens Household Cavalry. (AP Photo/Staff/Kemp)

In 1982, Irish Republican Army bombs exploded in two London parks, killing eight British soldiers, along with seven horses belonging to the Queen’s Household Cavalry. (AP Photo/Staff/Kemp) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Peter Kemp)

Aung San Suu Kyi

In 1989, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi (soo chee) was placed under house arrest by the military government of Myanmar. In this 2014 file photo, Myanmar’s opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi participates in a meeting at the Parliamentary Resource Center with U.S. President Barack Obama in Naypyitaw, Myanmar. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais, File) (AP)

FILE - In this July 27, 2012 file photo, crosses, flowers and other mementos of the victims of the Aurora, Colo. movie theater shooting are shown at sunrise with the movie theater in the background. Jury selection begins Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015, in the trial of accused gunman James Holmes in the shootings at the Denver-area movie theater showing "The Dark Knight Rises" that left 12 dead and 70 wounded. Prosecutors are seeking the death penalty. Holmes pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. His attorneys have acknowledged he was the gunman but say he is mentally ill and was gripped by a psychotic episode when he opened fire in the theater. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)

In 2012, gunman James Holmes opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight showing of “The Dark Knight Rises,” killing 12 people and wounding 70 others. (Holmes is serving a life prison sentence.) In this 2012 file photo, crosses, flowers and other mementos of the victims of the Aurora, Colo. movie theater shooting are shown at sunrise with the movie theater in the background. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File) (AP)

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This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting.  (AP Photo)
On this day in 1944, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.This is an undated photo of Roosevelt at Campobello Island, off the coast of New Brunswick, Canada. (AP Photo)
Astronaut Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.  poses for a photograph beside the U.S. flag deployed on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969.  Aldrin and fellow astronaut Neil Armstrong were the first men to walk on the lunar surface with temperatures ranging from 243 degrees above to 279 degrees below zero.  Astronaut  Michael Collins flew the command module.  The trio was launched to the moon by a Saturn V launch vehicle at 9:32 a.m. EDT, July 16, 1969. They departed the moon July 21, 1969. (AP Photo/NASA/Neil A. Armstrong)
Viking project director Albert J. Kullas explains the full scale model of the lander after it was unveiled during a news briefing at the Martin Marietta space center in Denver, Colo., Feb. 11, 1971.  Viking will travel nearly a year and some 460-million miles before reaching Mars in mid-1976.  (AP Photo)
Six soldiers from the Royal Green jackets were killed by an IRA bomb under the Bandstand in Hyde Park, London, July 20, 1982, and a further 24 were injured. This bomb went off two hours after another bomb killed two soldiers and seven horses of the Queens Household Cavalry. (AP Photo/Staff/Kemp)
Aung San Suu Kyi
FILE - In this July 27, 2012 file photo, crosses, flowers and other mementos of the victims of the Aurora, Colo. movie theater shooting are shown at sunrise with the movie theater in the background. Jury selection begins Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015, in the trial of accused gunman James Holmes in the shootings at the Denver-area movie theater showing "The Dark Knight Rises" that left 12 dead and 70 wounded. Prosecutors are seeking the death penalty. Holmes pleaded not guilty by reason of insanity. His attorneys have acknowledged he was the gunman but say he is mentally ill and was gripped by a psychotic episode when he opened fire in the theater. (AP Photo/Ted S. Warren, File)

Today is Saturday, July 20, the 201st day of 2019. There are 164 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlights in History:

On July 20, 1969, astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon after reaching the surface in their Apollo 11 lunar module.

On this date:

In 1861, the Congress of the Confederate States convened in Richmond, Virginia.

In 1923, Mexican revolutionary leader Pancho Villa was assassinated by gunmen in Parral.

In 1944, an attempt by a group of German officials to assassinate Adolf Hitler with a bomb failed as the explosion only wounded the Nazi leader. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was nominated for a fourth term of office at the Democratic convention in Chicago.

In 1960, a pair of Polaris missiles were fired from the submerged USS George Washington off Cape Canaveral, Fla., at a target more than 1,100 miles away.

In 1968, the first International Special Olympics Summer Games, organized by Eunice Kennedy Shriver, were held at Soldier Field in Chicago.

In 1976, America’s Viking 1 robot spacecraft made a successful, first-ever landing on Mars.

In 1977, a flash flood hit Johnstown, Pennsylvania, killing more than 80 people and causing $350 million worth of damage. The U.N. Security Council voted to admit Vietnam to the world body.

In 1982, Irish Republican Army bombs exploded in two London parks, killing eight British soldiers, along with seven horses belonging to the Queen’s Household Cavalry.

In 1989, Burmese activist Aung San Suu Kyi (soo chee) was placed under house arrest by the military government of Myanmar.

In 1990, Supreme Court Justice William J. Brennan, one of the court’s most liberal voices, announced he was stepping down.

In 1993, White House deputy counsel Vincent Foster Jr., 48, was found shot to death in a park near Washington, D.C.; his death was ruled a suicide.

In 2012, gunman James Holmes opened fire inside a crowded movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight showing of “The Dark Knight Rises,” killing 12 people and wounding 70 others. (Holmes was later convicted of murder and attempted murder, and sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.)

Ten years ago: A roadside bomb killed four American troops in eastern Afghanistan. The astronauts aboard the shuttle-station complex celebrated the 40th anniversary of man’s first moon landing with their own spacewalk.

Five years ago: Pro-Moscow rebels piled nearly 200 bodies from downed Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 into four refrigerated boxcars in eastern Ukraine, and cranes at the crash scene moved big chunks of the Boeing 777, drawing condemnation from Western leaders who said the rebels were tampering with the site. Rory McIlroy completed a wire-to-wire victory in the British Open to capture the third leg of the career Grand Slam, closing with a 1-under 71 for a two-shot victory over Sergio Garcia and Rickie Fowler.

One year ago: President Donald Trump escalated his threats to punish China for its trade policies, warning in an interview airing on CNBC that he was prepared to impose tariffs on all Chinese imports. Ohio Gov. John Kasich spared the life of condemned killer Raymond Tibbetts, commuting his sentence to life without parole, after a juror came forward and said information about the extent of Tibbetts’ tough childhood wasn’t properly presented at trial. Charlotte, North Carolina, was chosen to host the 2020 Republican National Convention.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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