Today in History: July 15

July 15, 2019

FILE - In this April 21, 2010, file photo, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig burns in the Gulf of Mexico, more than 50 miles southeast of Venice, La. More than two years after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill in 2010, BP agreed to plead guilty to several charges, including lying to Congress about how much oil was spewing from the blown-out well. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)

In 1985, a shockingly gaunt Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day (it was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS). (AP)
In 1985, a shockingly gaunt Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day in Monterey, California. (It was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS.) (AP Photo/Chris Hunter) (AP)
The mansion of Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace is flanked with police and small flags indicating evidence in the shooting death of the famed designer Tuesday, July 15, 1997. The 50-year-old Versace was shot on the steps of his Miami Beach home by an unknown suspect, described as being a male in his 20's.  (AP Photo/Gregory Smith)
In 1997, fashion designer Gianni Versace (ver-SAH’-chay), 50, was shot dead outside his Miami Beach home; suspected gunman Andrew Phillip Cunanan, 27, was found dead eight days later, a suicide. (Investigators believed Cunanan killed four other victims before Versace in a cross-country spree that began the previous March.) The mansion of Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace is flanked with police and small flags indicating evidence in the shooting death of the famed designer Tuesday, July 15, 1997. The 50-year-old Versace was shot on the steps of his Miami Beach home by an unknown suspect, described as being a male in his 20’s. (AP Photo/Gregory Smith) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/GREGORY SMITH)
The Rosetta Stone undergoes the last stages of its conservation by Senior Stone Conservator Nic Lee, in the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery at The British Museum, in London, Tuesday July 6, 2004.  According to the museum, the new display will reflect the enduring relevance of the Rosetta Stone as a symbol of human understanding.  The Rosetta Stone is a granite slab dating from 196 BC bearing an inscription that was the key to the deciphering of Egyptian Hieroglyphics, it was found by French troops in 1799 near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in Lower Egypt. ( Photo / Edmond Terakopian, PA) ** UNITED KINGDOM OUT  NO SALES  MAGS OUT **
In 1799, French soldiers in Egypt discovered the Rosetta Stone, which proved instrumental in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. The Rosetta Stone undergoes the last stages of its conservation by Senior Stone Conservator Nic Lee, in the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery at The British Museum, in London, Tuesday July 6, 2004. According to the museum, the new display will reflect the enduring relevance of the Rosetta Stone as a symbol of human understanding. The Rosetta Stone is a granite slab dating from 196 BC bearing an inscription that was the key to the deciphering of Egyptian Hieroglyphics, it was found by French troops in 1799 near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in Lower Egypt. ( Photo / Edmond Terakopian, PA) ** UNITED KINGDOM OUT NO SALES MAGS OUT ** (ASSOCIATED PRESS/EDMOND TERAKOPIAN)
American John Walker Lindh is seen in this undated photo obtained Tuesday, Jan. 22, 2002, from a religious school where he studied for five months in Bannu, 304 kilometers (190 miles) southwest of Islamabad, Pakistan. Lindh, who fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan, began his journey home from the war in Afghanistan on Tuesday to face charges he conspired with Islamic radicals to kill fellow countrymen. (AP Photo)
In 2002, John Walker Lindh, an American who’d fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, pleaded guilty in federal court in Alexandria, Virginia, to two felonies in a deal sparing him life in prison. American John Walker Lindh is seen in this undated photo obtained Tuesday, Jan. 22, 2002, from a religious school where he studied for five months in Bannu, 304 kilometers (190 miles) southwest of Islamabad, Pakistan. Lindh, who fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan, began his journey home from the war in Afghanistan on Tuesday to face charges he conspired with Islamic radicals to kill fellow countrymen. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
AP: f3e85cf4-2fd3-45e1-a65c-7171b4135b78
In 1971, President Richard Nixon delivered a televised address in which he announced that he had accepted an invitation to visit the People’s Republic of China. FILE – In this Sept. 30, 1971, file photo, President Richard Nixon laughs with UPI reporter Helen Thomas, left, and AP reporter Douglas Cornell during an impromptu reception in Washington. Thomas, a pioneer for women in journalism and an irrepressible White House correspondent, has died Saturday, July 20, 2013. She was 92. (AP Photo/File) (AP)
FILE - In this April 21, 2010, file photo, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig burns in the Gulf of Mexico following an explosion that killed 11 workers and caused the worst offshore oil spill in the nation's history. President Donald Trump is throwing out a policy devised by his predecessor for protecting U.S. oceans and the Great Lakes, replacing it with a new approach that emphasizes use of the waters to promote economic growth. President Barack Obama issued his policy in 2010 after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Trump says it was too bureaucratic. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
In 2010, after 85 days, BP stopped the flow of oil from a blown-out well in the Gulf of Mexico using a 75-ton cap lowered onto the wellhead earlier in the week. FILE – In this April 21, 2010, file photo, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig burns in the Gulf of Mexico following an explosion that killed 11 workers and caused the worst offshore oil spill in the nation’s history. President Donald Trump is throwing out a policy devised by his predecessor for protecting U.S. oceans and the Great Lakes, replacing it with a new approach that emphasizes use of the waters to promote economic growth. President Barack Obama issued his policy in 2010 after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Trump says it was too bureaucratic. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File) (AP/Gerald Herbert)
FILE - This July 24, 1976 file photo shows the inside of the van that was used as a prison for the 26 kidnapped Chowchilla school children and their bus driver in Livermore, Calif. A California prosecutor is investigating whether victims were paid to support the parole applications of three men who hijacked a school bus full of California children nearly four decades ago, Thursday, March 3, 2016. (AP Photo/Jim Palmer, File)
On July 15, 1976, a 36-hour kidnap ordeal began for 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver as they were abducted near Chowchilla, California, by three gunmen and imprisoned in an underground cell. (The captives escaped unharmed; the kidnappers were caught.) FILE – This July 24, 1976 file photo shows the inside of the van that was used as a prison for the 26 kidnapped Chowchilla school children and their bus driver in Livermore, Calif. A California prosecutor is investigating whether victims were paid to support the parole applications of three men who hijacked a school bus full of California children nearly four decades ago, Thursday, March 3, 2016. (AP Photo/Jim Palmer, File) (AP)
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In 1985, a shockingly gaunt Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day (it was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS). (AP)
The mansion of Italian fashion designer Gianni Versace is flanked with police and small flags indicating evidence in the shooting death of the famed designer Tuesday, July 15, 1997. The 50-year-old Versace was shot on the steps of his Miami Beach home by an unknown suspect, described as being a male in his 20's.  (AP Photo/Gregory Smith)
The Rosetta Stone undergoes the last stages of its conservation by Senior Stone Conservator Nic Lee, in the Egyptian Sculpture Gallery at The British Museum, in London, Tuesday July 6, 2004.  According to the museum, the new display will reflect the enduring relevance of the Rosetta Stone as a symbol of human understanding.  The Rosetta Stone is a granite slab dating from 196 BC bearing an inscription that was the key to the deciphering of Egyptian Hieroglyphics, it was found by French troops in 1799 near the town of Rashid (Rosetta) in Lower Egypt. ( Photo / Edmond Terakopian, PA) ** UNITED KINGDOM OUT  NO SALES  MAGS OUT **
American John Walker Lindh is seen in this undated photo obtained Tuesday, Jan. 22, 2002, from a religious school where he studied for five months in Bannu, 304 kilometers (190 miles) southwest of Islamabad, Pakistan. Lindh, who fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan, began his journey home from the war in Afghanistan on Tuesday to face charges he conspired with Islamic radicals to kill fellow countrymen. (AP Photo)
AP: f3e85cf4-2fd3-45e1-a65c-7171b4135b78
FILE - In this April 21, 2010, file photo, the Deepwater Horizon oil rig burns in the Gulf of Mexico following an explosion that killed 11 workers and caused the worst offshore oil spill in the nation's history. President Donald Trump is throwing out a policy devised by his predecessor for protecting U.S. oceans and the Great Lakes, replacing it with a new approach that emphasizes use of the waters to promote economic growth. President Barack Obama issued his policy in 2010 after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Trump says it was too bureaucratic. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert, File)
FILE - This July 24, 1976 file photo shows the inside of the van that was used as a prison for the 26 kidnapped Chowchilla school children and their bus driver in Livermore, Calif. A California prosecutor is investigating whether victims were paid to support the parole applications of three men who hijacked a school bus full of California children nearly four decades ago, Thursday, March 3, 2016. (AP Photo/Jim Palmer, File)

Today is Monday, July 15, the 196th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On July 15, 1976, a 36-hour kidnap ordeal began for 26 schoolchildren and their bus driver as they were abducted near Chowchilla, California, by three gunmen and imprisoned in an underground cell. (The captives escaped unharmed; the kidnappers were caught.)

On this date:

In 1799, French soldiers in Egypt discovered the Rosetta Stone, which proved instrumental in deciphering ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs.

In 1834, the Spanish Inquisition was abolished more than 3 1/2 centuries after its creation.

In 1870, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be readmitted to the Union. Manitoba entered confederation as the fifth Canadian province.

In 1910, the term “Alzheimer’s disease” was used to describe a progressive form of presenile dementia in the book “Clinical Psychiatry” by German psychiatrist Emil Kraepelin, who credited the work of his colleague, Alois (al-WAH’) Alzheimer, in identifying the condition.

In 1971, President Richard Nixon delivered a televised address in which he announced that he had accepted an invitation to visit the People’s Republic of China.

In 1983, eight people were killed when a suitcase bomb planted by Armenian extremists exploded at the Turkish Airlines counter at Orly Airport in Paris.

In 1985, a visibly gaunt Rock Hudson appeared at a news conference with actress Doris Day (it was later revealed Hudson was suffering from AIDS).

In 1996, MSNBC, a 24-hour all-news network, made its debut on cable and the Internet.

In 1997, fashion designer Gianni Versace (ver-SAH’-chay), 50, was shot dead outside his Miami Beach home; suspected gunman Andrew Phillip Cunanan, 27, was found dead eight days later, a suicide. (Investigators believed Cunanan killed four other people before Versace in a cross-country spree that began the previous March.)

In 2002, John Walker Lindh, an American who’d fought alongside the Taliban in Afghanistan, pleaded guilty in federal court in Alexandria, Virginia, to two felonies in a deal sparing him life in prison.

In 2008, in an All-Star game that began at dusk and ended at 1:37 a.m. the next morning, the American League defeated the National League 4-3 in 15 innings at Yankee Stadium.

In 2010, after 85 days, BP stopped the flow of oil from a blown-out well in the Gulf of Mexico using a 75-ton cap lowered onto the wellhead earlier in the week.

Ten years ago: A Russian-made Iranian jetliner carrying 168 people crashed after taking off from Tehran, killing everyone aboard. After more than a month’s delay, space shuttle Endeavour and seven astronauts thundered into orbit on a flight to the international space station.

Five years ago: Israel resumed heavy bombing of Gaza after the Islamic militant group Hamas rejected an Egyptian truce plan and instead unleashed more rocket barrages at the Jewish state. A suicide bomber blew up a car packed with explosives near a busy market and a mosque in eastern Afghanistan, killing at least 89 people. More than 20 people died when a Moscow subway train derailed during rush hour.

One year ago: President Donald Trump arrived in Finland for a summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin. Earlier, in an interview with CBS News, Trump named the European Union as a top adversary of the United States. France won its second World Cup title, beating Croatia 4-2 in the final in Moscow. Novak Djokovic (NOH’-vak JOH’-kuh-vich) captured his fourth Wimbledon title, defeating Kevin Anderson 6-2, 6-2, 7-6 (3); it was Djokovic’s 13th major trophy, but his first in more than two years. A wildfire that killed a California firefighter forced the closure of a key route into Yosemite National Park.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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