Today in History: June 12

The most frequently published photograph of Anne Frank is prepared for display Tuesday, Aug. 3, 2004, at the Holocaust Museum Houston. The photo is one of dozens from the Frank family album to be on exhibit at the museum from Thursday through Dec. 31. Anne Franks' diary was published after the end of World War II making her arguably the most famous of the nearly 6 million victims of Hitler's attempt to exterminate the Jews. (AP Photo/Pat Sullivan)
In 1942, Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, received a diary for her 13th birthday, less than a month before she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis. This is the most frequently published photograph of Anne Frank, being prepared for display Aug. 3, 2004, at the Holocaust Museum Houston. (AP Photo/Pat Sullivan) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/PAT SULLIVAN)
File - Medgar Evers, NAACP's first field secretary for the state of Mississippi stands nearby a sign of the state Mississippi in this 1958 file photo. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, a former governor of Mississippi, plans to announce Evers is being honored with a Navy cargo ship named for him during a speech Friday Oct. 9, 2009 at Jackson State University in Jackson, Miss.  (AP Photo/Francis H. Mitchell - Ebony Collection, File)
In 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, was shot and killed outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi. (In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001.) In this June 13, 1963 file photo, Myrlie Louise Evers, widow of civil rights activist Medgar Evers, leans down to kiss her late husband’s forehead before the casket was opened for public viewing at a funeral home in Jackson. (AP Photo, file) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Francis H. Mitchell)
Former South African President Nelson Mandela smiles during his meeting with a group of Mandela Rhodes Scholars for 2006, in Johannesburg, South Africa, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006. Mandela, fresh from a two-week holiday in Mauritius,  was in high spirits when he met the 15 students chosen to benefit from a scholarship of which he is the patron. (AP Photo/Themba Hadebe)
In 1964, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison along with seven other people, including Walter Sisulu, for committing sabotage against the apartheid regime (all were eventually released, Mandela in 1990). Former South African President Nelson Mandela smiles during his meeting with a group of Mandela Rhodes Scholars for 2006, in Johannesburg, South Africa, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006. (AP Photo/Themba Hadebe) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/THEMBA HADEBE)
The graves of Richard and Mildred Loving are seen in a rural cemetery near their home in Caroline County, Virginia, Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014. Richard Loving, a white man, and his wife Mildred, a black woman, were banished from their home state of Virginia in 1958 where interracial marriage was prohibited under state law. The Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, declared that law to be unconstitutional. This week, U.S. District Judge Arenda Wright Allen invoked the Loving case several times in her ruling against Virginia's same-sex marriage ban in Bostic v. Rainey.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
In 1967, the Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages. In this photo, the graves of Richard and Mildred Loving are seen in a rural cemetery near their home in Caroline County, Virginia, Feb. 16, 2014. Richard Loving, a white man, and his wife Mildred, a black woman, were banished from their home state of Virginia in 1958 where interracial marriage was prohibited under state law. The Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, declared that law to be unconstitutional. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite) (AP/J. Scott Applewhite)
President Ronald Reagan checks his watch while talking with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during a meeting in the White House Oval Office, Dec. 9, 1987.  Reagan and Gorbachev were meeting for the third time in two days.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
In 1987, President Ronald Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, exhorted Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.” In this photo, President Ronald Reagan checks his watch while talking with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during a meeting in the White House Oval Office, Dec. 9, 1987. Reagan and Gorbachev were meeting for the third time in two days. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/J. Scott Applewhite)
O.J. Simpson, Nicole Brown
In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but was eventually held liable in a civil action.) FILE – In this May 6, 1980, file photo, former football star O.J. Simpson and friend, Nicole Brown get together at party Monday night, in Beverly Hills section of Los Angeles. (AP/Nick Ut)
Austin Hagge, left, cries on the shoulder of Austin Matthew, during a candlelight vigil downtown for the victims of a mass shooting at the Pulse nightclub Monday, June 13, 2016, in Orlando, Fla. Hagge and Matthew lost two friends in the shooting. A gunman has killed dozens of people in a massacre at a crowded gay nightclub in Orlando on Sunday, making it the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history. (AP Photo/David Goldman)
In 2016, an American-born Muslim opened fire at the Pulse nightclub, a gay establishment in Orlando, Florida, leaving 49 people dead and 53 wounded before being shot dead by police Austin Hagge, left, cries on the shoulder of Austin Matthew, during a candlelight vigil downtown for the victims of a mass shooting at the Pulse nightclub Monday, June 13, 2016, in Orlando, Fla. Hagge and Matthew lost two friends in the shooting. A gunman has killed dozens of people in a massacre at a crowded gay nightclub in Orlando on Sunday, making it the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history. (AP Photo/David Goldman) (AP/David Goldman)
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The most frequently published photograph of Anne Frank is prepared for display Tuesday, Aug. 3, 2004, at the Holocaust Museum Houston. The photo is one of dozens from the Frank family album to be on exhibit at the museum from Thursday through Dec. 31. Anne Franks' diary was published after the end of World War II making her arguably the most famous of the nearly 6 million victims of Hitler's attempt to exterminate the Jews. (AP Photo/Pat Sullivan)
File - Medgar Evers, NAACP's first field secretary for the state of Mississippi stands nearby a sign of the state Mississippi in this 1958 file photo. Navy Secretary Ray Mabus, a former governor of Mississippi, plans to announce Evers is being honored with a Navy cargo ship named for him during a speech Friday Oct. 9, 2009 at Jackson State University in Jackson, Miss.  (AP Photo/Francis H. Mitchell - Ebony Collection, File)
Former South African President Nelson Mandela smiles during his meeting with a group of Mandela Rhodes Scholars for 2006, in Johannesburg, South Africa, Tuesday, Jan. 31, 2006. Mandela, fresh from a two-week holiday in Mauritius,  was in high spirits when he met the 15 students chosen to benefit from a scholarship of which he is the patron. (AP Photo/Themba Hadebe)
The graves of Richard and Mildred Loving are seen in a rural cemetery near their home in Caroline County, Virginia, Sunday, Feb. 16, 2014. Richard Loving, a white man, and his wife Mildred, a black woman, were banished from their home state of Virginia in 1958 where interracial marriage was prohibited under state law. The Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, declared that law to be unconstitutional. This week, U.S. District Judge Arenda Wright Allen invoked the Loving case several times in her ruling against Virginia's same-sex marriage ban in Bostic v. Rainey.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
President Ronald Reagan checks his watch while talking with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev during a meeting in the White House Oval Office, Dec. 9, 1987.  Reagan and Gorbachev were meeting for the third time in two days.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
O.J. Simpson, Nicole Brown
Austin Hagge, left, cries on the shoulder of Austin Matthew, during a candlelight vigil downtown for the victims of a mass shooting at the Pulse nightclub Monday, June 13, 2016, in Orlando, Fla. Hagge and Matthew lost two friends in the shooting. A gunman has killed dozens of people in a massacre at a crowded gay nightclub in Orlando on Sunday, making it the deadliest mass shooting in modern U.S. history. (AP Photo/David Goldman)

Today is Wednesday, June 12, the 163rd day of 2019. There are 202 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On June 12, 2016, an American-born Muslim opened fire at the Pulse nightclub, a gay establishment in Orlando, Florida, leaving 49 people dead and 53 wounded before being shot dead by police.

On this date:

In 1665, England installed a municipal government in New York, formerly the Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam, and appointed its first mayor, Thomas Willett.

In 1776, Virginia’s colonial legislature adopted a Declaration of Rights.

In 1939, the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum was dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.

In 1942, Anne Frank, a German-born Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, received a diary for her 13th birthday, less than a month before she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis.

In 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers, 37, was shot and killed outside his home in Jackson, Mississippi. (In 1994, Byron De La Beckwith was convicted of murdering Evers and sentenced to life in prison; he died in 2001.)

In 1964, South African black nationalist Nelson Mandela was sentenced to life in prison along with seven other people, including Walter Sisulu, for committing sabotage against the apartheid regime (all were eventually released, Mandela in 1990).

In 1967, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Loving v. Virginia, unanimously struck down state laws prohibiting interracial marriages.

In 1978, David Berkowitz was sentenced to 25 years to life in prison for each of the six “Son of Sam” .44-caliber killings that terrified New Yorkers.

In 1981, major league baseball players began a 49-day strike over the issue of free-agent compensation. (The season did not resume until Aug. 10.) “Raiders of the Lost Ark,” directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Harrison Ford as Indiana Jones, was first released.

In 1987, President Ronald Reagan, during a visit to the divided German city of Berlin, exhorted Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.”

In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman were slashed to death outside her Los Angeles home. (O.J. Simpson was later acquitted of the killings in a criminal trial, but was eventually held liable in a civil action.) Boeing’s new 777 jetliner went on its first test flight.

In 2004, former President Ronald Reagan’s body was sealed inside a tomb at his presidential library in Simi Valley, California, following a week of mourning and remembrance by world leaders and regular Americans.

Ten years ago: U.S. television stations ended analog broadcasts in favor of digital transmission. Congress approved legislation banning “light” or candy-flavored cigarettes and requiring tobacco companies to make bigger warning labels and run fewer ads. The U.N. Security Council imposed sanctions on North Korea for its second nuclear test. The Pittsburgh Penguins defeated the Detroit Red Wings 2-1 to win the Stanley Cup in Game 7.

Five years ago: During a tightly controlled tour of a converted warehouse at Port Hueneme, California, a government official said the number of migrant children housed at the facility after they were caught entering the country illegally could more than triple to 575 by the following week. The World Cup opened in Brazil with the home team beating Croatia, 3-1, after a funky opening ceremony featuring Jennifer Lopez and dancers dressed as trees.

One year ago: After a five-hour summit in Singapore, President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un signed a joint statement agreeing to work toward a denuclearized Korean Peninsula, although the timeline and tactics were left unclear; Trump declared that he and Kim had developed “a very special bond.” Republican Rep. Mark Sanford, a vocal critic of Donald Trump, lost his South Carolina congressional seat in a primary, hours after Trump tweeted that Sanford was “very unhelpful” and “nothing but trouble.” Throngs of Golden State Warriors fans turned out for a second straight year to honor the NBA champions in a parade in downtown Oakland, California; in Washington, DC, the Stanley Cup champion Capitals were cheered by fans along Constitution Ave.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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