Today in History: June 11

FILE - In this April 17, 2005 file photo, the Endeavour, a replica of Captain James Cook's ship of discovery, lies at anchor in Botany Bay at Sydney, Australia. Researchers believe the wreckage of the ship Cook used to explore around the world is submerged somewhere in Rhode Island's Newport Harbor. If it is the Endeavour, the ship would belong to the state of Rhode Island, because of the state's legal maneuver in maritime court nearly two decades ago based on an obscure, centuries-old maritime practice. (AP Photo/Mark Baker, File)

In 1770, Captain James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, discovered the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it. In this 2005 file photo, the Endeavour, a replica of Captain James Cook’s ship of discovery, lies at anchor in Botany Bay at Sydney, Australia. (AP Photo/Mark Baker, File) (AP)

This April 5, 2017 image provided by Seth Kaller, Inc. shows a rare parchment copy of the Declaration of Independence, made in Washington in the 1820s for founding father James Madison. During the Civil War, the precious document was hidden behind wallpaper in a home in Virginia to keep Union soldiers from finding it. Later, it sat in a closet in Kentucky, in a broken frame, unappreciated and stored in a cardboard box. (Seth Kaller INC. via AP)
In 1776, the Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence calling for freedom from Britain. This April 5, 2017 image provided by Seth Kaller, Inc. shows a rare parchment copy of the Declaration of Independence, made in Washington in the 1820s for founding father James Madison. During the Civil War, the precious document was hidden behind wallpaper in a home in Virginia to keep Union soldiers from finding it. Later, it sat in a closet in Kentucky, in a broken frame, unappreciated and stored in a cardboard box. (Seth Kaller INC. via AP) (AP/Seth Kaller)
"Jurassic Park" co-stars Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern appear at the premiere of the Steven Spielberg-directed dinosaur thriller in Washington, June 9, 1993. The opening was a benefit for the children's defense fund. (AP Photo/Joe Marquette)
In 1993, the Steven Spielberg science-fiction film “Jurassic Park” opened in wide release two days after its world premiere in Washington, D.C. “Jurassic Park” co-stars Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern appear at the premiere of the Steven Spielberg-directed dinosaur thriller in Washington, June 9, 1993. The opening was a benefit for the children’s defense fund. (AP Photo/Joe Marquette) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Joe Marquette)
FILE - In this April 24, 2007, file photo, an exhibit about a 1962 prison escape made famous in the movie, "Escape from Alcatraz," is displayed in the museum store on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco. Scientists say the three prisoners who escaped from Alcatraz in one of the most famous and elaborate prison breaks in U.S. history could have survived and made it to land. Using software to study currents the night of the 1962 escape, three Dutch scientists concluded the three men could have made it to land north of the Golden Gate Bridge if they left between 11:30 p.m. and midnight.  Prison officials and federal agents insisted at the time that the inmates perished, but their bodies were never found.(AP Photo/Eric Risberg, File)

In 1962, three prisoners at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay staged an escape, leaving the island on a makeshift raft; they were never found or heard from again. In this 2007 file photo, an exhibit about the 1962 prison escape made famous in the movie, “Escape from Alcatraz,” is displayed in the museum store on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco.(AP Photo/Eric Risberg, File) (AP)

MCVEIGH

In 2001, Timothy McVeigh, 33, was executed by injection at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana, for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people. In this 1995 file photo, McVeigh is lead out of the Noble County Courthouse by state and federal law enforcement officials in Perry, Okla. (AP Photo/John Gaps III) (AP)

Margaret Thatcher, Dennis Thatcher
In 1987, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament. FILE – This is a May 4, 1979 file photo of Britain’s Conservative Party Leader Margaret Thatcher with her husband Dennis giving a jubilant wave at her party headquarters on election night in London. Faced with an increasingly divided Labour Party, Margaret Thatcher became Britain’s first female prime minister when her Conservative Party swept to power on a radical free market economic program that involved reducing the power of the unions and selling off many government assets. Her premiership, which lasted until 1990 when she was dethroned by her own party primarily over her stance on Europe, was as transformative as Attlee’s in the early post-war years. (AP Photo/Bob Dear, File) (AP)
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FILE - In this April 17, 2005 file photo, the Endeavour, a replica of Captain James Cook's ship of discovery, lies at anchor in Botany Bay at Sydney, Australia. Researchers believe the wreckage of the ship Cook used to explore around the world is submerged somewhere in Rhode Island's Newport Harbor. If it is the Endeavour, the ship would belong to the state of Rhode Island, because of the state's legal maneuver in maritime court nearly two decades ago based on an obscure, centuries-old maritime practice. (AP Photo/Mark Baker, File)
This April 5, 2017 image provided by Seth Kaller, Inc. shows a rare parchment copy of the Declaration of Independence, made in Washington in the 1820s for founding father James Madison. During the Civil War, the precious document was hidden behind wallpaper in a home in Virginia to keep Union soldiers from finding it. Later, it sat in a closet in Kentucky, in a broken frame, unappreciated and stored in a cardboard box. (Seth Kaller INC. via AP)
"Jurassic Park" co-stars Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern appear at the premiere of the Steven Spielberg-directed dinosaur thriller in Washington, June 9, 1993. The opening was a benefit for the children's defense fund. (AP Photo/Joe Marquette)
FILE - In this April 24, 2007, file photo, an exhibit about a 1962 prison escape made famous in the movie, "Escape from Alcatraz," is displayed in the museum store on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco. Scientists say the three prisoners who escaped from Alcatraz in one of the most famous and elaborate prison breaks in U.S. history could have survived and made it to land. Using software to study currents the night of the 1962 escape, three Dutch scientists concluded the three men could have made it to land north of the Golden Gate Bridge if they left between 11:30 p.m. and midnight.  Prison officials and federal agents insisted at the time that the inmates perished, but their bodies were never found.(AP Photo/Eric Risberg, File)
MCVEIGH
Margaret Thatcher, Dennis Thatcher

Today is Tuesday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On June 11, 2001, Timothy McVeigh, 33, was executed by injection at the federal prison in Terre Haute, Indiana, for the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing that killed 168 people.

On this date:

In 1770, Captain James Cook, commander of the British ship Endeavour, “discovered” the Great Barrier Reef off Australia by running onto it.

In 1776, the Continental Congress formed a committee to draft a Declaration of Independence calling for freedom from Britain.

In 1942, the United States and the Soviet Union signed a lend-lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II.

In 1947, the government announced the end of sugar rationing for households and “institutional users” (e.g., restaurants and hotels) as of midnight.

In 1955, in motor racing’s worst disaster, more than 80 people were killed during the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France when two of the cars collided and crashed into spectators.

In 1962, three prisoners at Alcatraz in San Francisco Bay staged an escape, leaving the island on a makeshift raft; they were never found or heard from again.

In 1970, the United States presence in Libya came to an end as the last detachment left Wheelus Air Base. (The anniversary of this event is celebrated as a holiday in Libya.)

In 1978, Joseph Freeman Jr. became the first black priest ordained in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

In 1985, Karen Ann Quinlan, the comatose patient whose case prompted a historic right-to-die court decision, died in Morris Plains, New Jersey, at age 31.

In 1986, the John Hughes comedy “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off,” starring Matthew Broderick, was released by Paramount Pictures.

In 1987, Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office as her Conservatives held onto a reduced majority in Parliament.

In 1993, the U.S. Supreme Court unanimously ruled that people who commit “hate crimes” motivated by bigotry may be sentenced to extra punishment; the court also ruled religious groups had a constitutional right to sacrifice animals in worship services. The Steven Spielberg science-fiction film “Jurassic Park” opened in wide release two days after its world premiere in Washington, D.C.

Ten years ago: With swine flu reported in more than 70 nations, the World Health Organization declared the first global flu pandemic in 41 years. The NCAA placed Alabama’s football program and 15 other of the school’s athletic teams on three years’ probation for major violations due to misuse of free textbooks, stripping the Crimson Tide of 21 football wins over a three-year period.

Five years ago: During a Capitol Hill hearing, Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel aggressively defended the secret prisoner exchange of five Taliban detainees for Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, telling Congress that the risks were too great and the situation too uncertain for the administration to tell lawmakers about the plan. Acclaimed actress and civil rights activist Ruby Dee, 91, died in New Rochelle, New York.

One year ago: U.S. and North Korean officials met at a hotel in Singapore to negotiate on the eve of the first summit between a U.S. president and a North Korean leader. The Supreme Court ruled that states can target people who haven’t cast ballots in a while in efforts to purge their voting rolls.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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