Today in History: April 17

Illustration shows Italian explorer Christopher Columbus (1451 - 1506) as, upon his return from the 'New World' he addresses Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon and V of Castile (1452 - 1516) and Queen Isabella I (1451 - 1504) at the royal court, Barcelona, Spain, February 1493. Published in 'A History of the United States' by Gordy, 1904. (Photo by Interim Archives/Getty Images)
In 1492, a contract was signed by Christopher Columbus and a representative of Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, giving Columbus a commission to seek a westward ocean passage to Asia. (Photo by Interim Archives/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Interim Archives)
A cameraman and a sound technician record the roar of Leo the Lion for MGM's famous movie logo. The footage was first used on MGM's first talking picture 'White Shadows in the South Seas'.  (Photo via John Kobal Foundation/Getty Images)
In 1924, the motion picture studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was founded, the result of a merger of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures, and the Louis B. Mayer Co. (Photo via John Kobal Foundation/Getty Images) (Getty Images/John Kobal Foundation)
(GERMANY OUT) Schweinchen Dick und die Ente Daffy1972 (Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
In 1937, Daffy Duck made his debut in the Warner Bros. animated cartoon “Porky’s Duck Hunt,” directed by Tex Avery. (Getty Images) (ullstein bild via Getty Images/ullstein bild)
(FILES): This April 1961 file photo shows a group of Cuban counter-revolutionaries, members of Assault Brigade 2506, after their capture in the Bay of Pigs, Cuba.  For the first time in 40 years, the players in the failed US-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba sat down face-to-face 22 March 2001 to try to shed more light on one of the bitterest confrontations of the Cold War, which still strains US-Cuban ties. The conference was attended by President Fidel Castro, Cuban and US academics, plus a handful of Cuban exiles from Assault Brigade 2506, which carried out the attack. Hundreds of declassified Cuban documents were released on the first day of the three-day conference.   AFP PHOTO/FILES/PL/MIGUEL VINAS        (Photo credit should read MIGUEL VINAS/AFP/Getty Images)
In 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day. (Photo credit should read MIGUEL VINAS/AFP/Getty Images) (AFP/Getty Images/MIGUEL VINAS)
The huge Saturn rocket carrying the Apollo 13 spacecraft is on its moon mission, lifts off the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., April 11, 1970
In 1970, Apollo 13 astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert splashed down safely in the Pacific, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled their spacecraft while en route to the moon. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Anonymous)
Olavi Suomalainen of Finland, winner of the men's division of the Boston A.A. Marathon April 17, 1972, kisses Nina Kuscsik of Long Island, N.Y., winner of the women's division, at the trophy presentation April 18, 1972. The finish runner won the Hopkinton to Boston marathon 26 mile, 386 yard in two hours, 15 minutes and 30 seconds. Nina's time was three hours, 10 minutes, 58 seconds. (AP Photo)
In 1972, the Boston Marathon allowed women to compete for the first time; Nina Kuscsik was the first officially recognized women’s champion, with a time of 3:10:26. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
George W. Bush, Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI, during his visit to Washington, talked and prayed privately with survivors of the clergy sex abuse scandal in what’s believed to be a first-ever meeting between a pontiff and abuse victims. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)
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Illustration shows Italian explorer Christopher Columbus (1451 - 1506) as, upon his return from the 'New World' he addresses Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon and V of Castile (1452 - 1516) and Queen Isabella I (1451 - 1504) at the royal court, Barcelona, Spain, February 1493. Published in 'A History of the United States' by Gordy, 1904. (Photo by Interim Archives/Getty Images)
A cameraman and a sound technician record the roar of Leo the Lion for MGM's famous movie logo. The footage was first used on MGM's first talking picture 'White Shadows in the South Seas'.  (Photo via John Kobal Foundation/Getty Images)
(GERMANY OUT) Schweinchen Dick und die Ente Daffy1972 (Photo by ullstein bild/ullstein bild via Getty Images)
(FILES): This April 1961 file photo shows a group of Cuban counter-revolutionaries, members of Assault Brigade 2506, after their capture in the Bay of Pigs, Cuba.  For the first time in 40 years, the players in the failed US-sponsored Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba sat down face-to-face 22 March 2001 to try to shed more light on one of the bitterest confrontations of the Cold War, which still strains US-Cuban ties. The conference was attended by President Fidel Castro, Cuban and US academics, plus a handful of Cuban exiles from Assault Brigade 2506, which carried out the attack. Hundreds of declassified Cuban documents were released on the first day of the three-day conference.   AFP PHOTO/FILES/PL/MIGUEL VINAS        (Photo credit should read MIGUEL VINAS/AFP/Getty Images)
The huge Saturn rocket carrying the Apollo 13 spacecraft is on its moon mission, lifts off the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., April 11, 1970
Olavi Suomalainen of Finland, winner of the men's division of the Boston A.A. Marathon April 17, 1972, kisses Nina Kuscsik of Long Island, N.Y., winner of the women's division, at the trophy presentation April 18, 1972. The finish runner won the Hopkinton to Boston marathon 26 mile, 386 yard in two hours, 15 minutes and 30 seconds. Nina's time was three hours, 10 minutes, 58 seconds. (AP Photo)
George W. Bush, Pope Benedict XVI

Today is Wednesday, April 17, the 107th day of 2019. There are 258 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 17, 1972, the Boston Marathon allowed women to compete for the first time; Nina Kuscsik was the first officially recognized women’s champion, with a time of 3:10:26.

On this date:

In 1492, a contract was signed by Christopher Columbus and a representative of Spain’s King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, giving Columbus a commission to seek a westward ocean passage to Asia.

In 1521, Martin Luther went before the Diet of Worms (vohrms) to face charges stemming from his religious writings. (Luther was later declared an outlaw by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.)

In 1861, the Virginia State Convention voted to secede from the Union.

In 1924, the motion picture studio Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer was founded, the result of a merger of Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures and the Louis B. Mayer Co.

In 1961, some 1,500 CIA-trained Cuban exiles launched the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in an attempt to topple Fidel Castro, whose forces crushed the incursion by the third day.

In 1964, Geraldine “Jerrie” Mock became the first woman to complete a solo airplane trip around the world as she returned to Columbus, Ohio, after 29 1/2 days in her Cessna 180. Ford Motor Co. unveiled the Mustang at the New York World’s Fair. The first game was played at New York’s Shea Stadium; the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Mets, 4-3.

In 1969, a jury in Los Angeles convicted Sirhan Sirhan of assassinating Sen. Robert F. Kennedy.

In 1970, Apollo 13 astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert splashed down safely in the Pacific, four days after a ruptured oxygen tank crippled their spacecraft while en route to the moon.

In 1973, Federal Express (later FedEx) began operations as 14 planes carrying 186 packages took off from Memphis International Airport, bound for 25 U.S. cities.

In 1986, at London’s Heathrow Airport, a bomb was discovered in the bag of Anne-Marie Murphy, a pregnant Irishwoman about to board an El Al jetliner to Israel; she’d been tricked into carrying the bomb by her Jordanian fiance, Nezar Hindawi. The bodies of kidnapped American Peter Kilburn and Britons Philip Padfield and Leigh Douglas were found near Beirut; they had been slain in apparent retaliation for the U.S. raid on Libya.

In 1991, the Dow Jones industrial average closed above 3,000 for the first time, ending the day at 3,004.46, up 17.58.

In 1993, a federal jury in Los Angeles convicted two former police officers of violating the civil rights of beaten motorist Rodney King; two other officers were acquitted. Turkish President Turgut Ozal died at age 66.

Ten years ago: A day after U.N. inspectors left North Korea, U.S. experts monitoring the communist country’s nuclear program also departed after Pyongyang expelled them and threatened to restart its reactor in anger over U.N. criticism of its recent rocket launch. Richard Phillips, the cargo ship captain rescued by Navy snipers from the clutches of Somali pirates, made a triumphant return to his home state of Vermont, insisting, “I’m not a hero, the military is.”

Five years ago: Ukraine and Russia agreed on a tentative halt to violence and to calm tensions along their shared border after more than a month of Cold-War style military posturing triggered by Moscow’s annexation of Crimea. Nobel Prize-winning author Gabriel Garcia Marquez, 87, died in Mexico City.

One year ago: Barbara Bush, who was both a first lady and the mother of a president, died in Houston at the age of 92; she was survived by her husband, George H.W. Bush, with whom she had the longest marriage of any presidential couple in American history – a marriage of more than 73 years. A Southwest Airlines jet made an emergency landing in Philadelphia after the jet apparently blew an engine, got hit by debris and lost a window; a woman sitting near the window was pulled partially out of the plane and later died. Americans were given an extra day to file their taxes after key elements of the IRS website crashed on deadline day.

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