Today in History: March 20

Beatle John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, left, are shown in June 1969 at an airport at an unknown location.  (AP Photo)
In 1969, John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar. (Photo by Simpson/Express/Getty Images) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
U.S. marshals escort Patricia Hearst from San Francisco's Federal Building in San Francisco, Feb. 3, 1976, where jury selection continued in her bank robbery trial. The jury is expected to be seated on Tuesday, raising the possibility the first testimony would be hears on Wednesday – the second anniversary of Miss Hearst’s kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army. At left is Marshal Janey Jimenez, and at right is Marshal Mike Tarr. (AP Photo)
In 1976, kidnapped newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for her part in a San Francisco bank holdup carried out by the Symbionese Liberation Army. (Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison; she was released after serving 22 months, and was pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton.) (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Anonymous)
** FILE ** Subway passengers are taken on stretchers from ambulances outside a Tokyo hospital after falling victim of the nerve gas attack by the Aum Shinrikyo cult on a subway on March 20, 1995 which killed 12 people and sickened more than 5,500 others. Japan's top court Friday, Sept. 15, 2006 rejected an appeal by the doomsday cult founder Shoko Asahara, a court official said, reportedly finalizing his death sentence for the 1995 nerve-gas attack. (AP Photo/Chiaki Tsukumo, File)
In 1995, in Tokyo, 12 people were killed, more than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the deadly chemical sarin were leaked on five separate subway trains by Aum Shinrikyo cult members. (AP Photo/Chiaki Tsukumo, File) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/CHIAKI TSUKUMO)
In this Oct. 15, 2017, photo, several images of Napoleon Bonaparte are shown in this collection of framed pictures on a wall in the Consulate hotel in Jamestown on St. Helena island in the Atlantic Ocean. Napoleon was sent into exile there in 1815 and died on the island in 1821; the relatively few tourists who make it to remote St. Helena are likely to visit Longwood House, where the deposed French emperor died after an illness. (AP photo/Christopher Torchia)
In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris after escaping his exile on Elba, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule. In this Oct. 15, 2017, photo, several images of Napoleon Bonaparte are shown in this collection of framed pictures on a wall in the Consulate hotel in Jamestown on St. Helena island in the Atlantic Ocean. Napoleon was sent into exile there in 1815 and died on the island in 1821; the relatively few tourists who make it to remote St. Helena are likely to visit Longwood House, where the deposed French emperor died after an illness. (AP photo/Christopher Torchia) (AP/Christopher Torchia)
Jacques Chirac
In 1977, voters in Paris chose former French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac to be the French capital’s first mayor in more than a century. FILE – In this Thursday, Nov. 24, 2011 file photo, Former French President Jacques Chirac waves to the press after a ceremony awarding laureates of the Fondation Chirac at Quai Branly Museum in Paris. Officials say former French President Jacques Chirac has been hospitalized with a lung infection. Jocelyne Gastellu of the Paris Hospitals Foundation confirmed Sunday, Sept. 18. 2016 that the 83-year-old was admitted to a hospital in Paris but could not confirm local media reports that it followed a visit to Morocco. (AP Photo/Francois Mori, file) (AP)
Gloria Estefan
In 1990, singer Gloria Estefan suffered a broken back when a truck rear-ended her tour bus on a snow-covered highway in Pennsylvania. (Surgeons implanted titanium rods to stabilize her spine, and Estefan was able to make a comeback after months of intensive physical therapy.) FILE – In this Sept. 13, 2011 file photo, singer Gloria Estefan is interviewed in New York. The John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts announced the recipients of the 2017 Kennedy Center Honors. They are: hip-hop artist LL Cool J, singers Gloria Estefan and Lionel Richie, television writer and producer Norman Lear and dancer Carmen de Lavallade. It’s the 40th year of the awards, which honor people who have influenced American culture through the arts. (AP Photo/Richard Drew, File) (AP/Richard Drew)
FILE - In this Feb. 21, 2009 file photo, guards stand at the entrance of a renovated Abu Ghraib prison, now renamed Baghdad Central Prison and run by Iraqis, in Baghdad, Iraq. A military-style assault by al-Qaida leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s fighters on two Baghdad-area prisons in July, 2013 freed more than 500 inmates.(AP Photo / Karim Kadim, File)
In 2004, the U.S. military charged six soldiers with abusing inmates at the Abu Ghraib prison. FILE – In this Feb. 21, 2009 file photo, guards stand at the entrance of a renovated Abu Ghraib prison, now renamed Baghdad Central Prison and run by Iraqis, in Baghdad, Iraq. A military-style assault by al-Qaida leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s fighters on two Baghdad-area prisons in July, 2013 freed more than 500 inmates.(AP Photo / Karim Kadim, File) (AP)
Iditarod 2019, Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, Unalakleet
In 1985, Libby Riddles of Teller, Alaska, became the first woman to win the Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race. In this Monday, March 11, 2019 photo, musher Linwood Fiedler leaves Unalakleet, Alaska, during a snowfall in the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race on March 11, 2019 (Marc Lester/Anchorage Daily News via AP) (AP/Marc Lester)
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Beatle John Lennon and his wife, Yoko Ono, left, are shown in June 1969 at an airport at an unknown location.  (AP Photo)
U.S. marshals escort Patricia Hearst from San Francisco's Federal Building in San Francisco, Feb. 3, 1976, where jury selection continued in her bank robbery trial. The jury is expected to be seated on Tuesday, raising the possibility the first testimony would be hears on Wednesday – the second anniversary of Miss Hearst’s kidnapping by the Symbionese Liberation Army. At left is Marshal Janey Jimenez, and at right is Marshal Mike Tarr. (AP Photo)
** FILE ** Subway passengers are taken on stretchers from ambulances outside a Tokyo hospital after falling victim of the nerve gas attack by the Aum Shinrikyo cult on a subway on March 20, 1995 which killed 12 people and sickened more than 5,500 others. Japan's top court Friday, Sept. 15, 2006 rejected an appeal by the doomsday cult founder Shoko Asahara, a court official said, reportedly finalizing his death sentence for the 1995 nerve-gas attack. (AP Photo/Chiaki Tsukumo, File)
In this Oct. 15, 2017, photo, several images of Napoleon Bonaparte are shown in this collection of framed pictures on a wall in the Consulate hotel in Jamestown on St. Helena island in the Atlantic Ocean. Napoleon was sent into exile there in 1815 and died on the island in 1821; the relatively few tourists who make it to remote St. Helena are likely to visit Longwood House, where the deposed French emperor died after an illness. (AP photo/Christopher Torchia)
Jacques Chirac
Gloria Estefan
FILE - In this Feb. 21, 2009 file photo, guards stand at the entrance of a renovated Abu Ghraib prison, now renamed Baghdad Central Prison and run by Iraqis, in Baghdad, Iraq. A military-style assault by al-Qaida leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi’s fighters on two Baghdad-area prisons in July, 2013 freed more than 500 inmates.(AP Photo / Karim Kadim, File)
Iditarod 2019, Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, Unalakleet

Today is Wednesday, March 20, the 79th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On March 20, 1995, in Tokyo, 12 people were killed, more than 5,500 others sickened when packages containing the deadly chemical sarin were leaked on five separate subway trains by Aum Shinrikyo (ohm shin-ree-kyoh) cult members.

On this date:

In 1413, England’s King Henry IV died; he was succeeded by Henry V.

In 1760, a 10-hour fire erupted in Boston, destroying 349 buildings and burning 10 ships, but claiming no lives.

In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte returned to Paris after escaping his exile on Elba, beginning his “Hundred Days” rule.

In 1854, the Republican Party of the United States was founded by slavery opponents at a schoolhouse in Ripon (RIH’-puhn), Wisconsin.

In 1942, U.S. Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur, having evacuated the Philippines at the order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, told reporters in Terowie, Australia: “I came out of Bataan, and I shall return.”

In 1952, the U.S. Senate ratified, 66-10, a Security Treaty with Japan.

In 1969, John Lennon married Yoko Ono in Gibraltar.

In 1976, kidnapped newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was convicted of armed robbery for her part in a San Francisco bank holdup carried out by the Symbionese Liberation Army. (Hearst was sentenced to seven years in prison; she was released after serving 22 months, and was pardoned in 2001 by President Bill Clinton.)

In 1977, voters in Paris chose former French Prime Minister Jacques Chirac to be the French capital’s first mayor in more than a century.

In 1985, Libby Riddles of Teller, Alaska, became the first woman to win the Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race.

In 1990, singer Gloria Estefan suffered a broken back when a truck rear-ended her tour bus on a snow-covered highway in Pennsylvania. (Surgeons implanted titanium rods to stabilize her spine, and Estefan was able to make a comeback after months of intensive physical therapy.)

In 2004, Hundreds of thousands of people worldwide rallied against the U.S.-led war in Iraq on the first anniversary of the start of the conflict. The U.S. military charged six soldiers with abusing inmates at the Abu Ghraib prison.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama reached out to the Iranian people in a video with Farsi subtitles, saying the U.S. was prepared to end years of strained relations if Tehran toned down its bellicose rhetoric; Iranian officials dismissed the overture, saying they wanted concrete change from Washington before they were ready to enter a dialogue. Pope Benedict XVI, visiting Angola, condemned sexual violence against women in Africa and chided those countries on the continent that approved abortion.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama ordered economic sanctions against nearly two dozen members of Russian President Vladimir Putin’s inner circle and a major bank that provided them support, raising the stakes in an East-West showdown over Ukraine. Four gunmen opened fire in a crowded restaurant frequented by foreigners at the Serena Hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, killing nine people.

One year ago: Investigators pursuing a suspected serial bombing in Austin, Texas, shifted attention to a FedEx shipping center near San Antonio, where a package had exploded. In a phone call to Vladimir Putin, President Donald Trump offered congratulations on Putin’s re-election victory; a senior official said Trump had been warned in briefing materials that he should not congratulate Putin.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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