Today in History: Jan. 9

Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands died in the nightmare battle of World War I. (AP Photo)
On Jan. 9, 1916, the World War I Battle of Gallipoli ended after eight months with an Ottoman Empire victory as Allied forces withdrew. Here, Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands died in the nightmare battle of World War I. (AP Photo) (AP)
This picture shows Vice President Richard Nixon as a World War II lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy, stationed in August, 1944 at the Naval Air Station, Alameda, California.  Nixon had just returned to the United States under a rotation program from duty in the South Pacific as ground officer for the Combat Air Transport Command at Vella Lavella, Bougainville, Solomon Islands.  (AP Photo)
In 1913, Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, was born in Yorba Linda, California. This picture shows Nixon as a World War II lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy, stationed in August, 1944 at the Naval Air Station, Alameda, California. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Investigators comb through the crash site of Comair Flight 3272 in Raisinville Township, Mich., looking for clues Sunday, Jan. 12, l997, in the crash which claimed 29 lives Thursday. Officials used the tent near the crater caused by the crash to warm up in the 9-degree frigid temperatures. (AP Photo/Richard Sheinwald)
In 1997, a Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 people on board. Investigators comb through the crash site of Comair Flight 3272 in Raisinville Township, Mich., looking for clues Sunday, Jan. 12, l997, in the crash which claimed 29 lives Thursday. Officials used the tent near the crater caused by the crash to warm up in the 9-degree frigid temperatures. (AP Photo/Richard Sheinwald) (Associated Press/RICHARD SHEINWALD)
Howard Hughes, industrialist, film producer and pilot, poses in the cockpit of his new racing plane after a test flight in Los Angeles August 17, 1935.  The plane, nearly two years in construction at a cost believed to be more than $100,000, was to be piloted by Hughes in the Bendix race from Los Angeles to Cleveland. (AP Photo)
In 1972, reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said a purported autobiography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake. Howard Hughes, industrialist, film producer and pilot, poses in the cockpit of his new racing plane after a test flight in Los Angeles August 17, 1935. The plane, nearly two years in construction at a cost believed to be more than $100,000, was to be piloted by Hughes in the Bendix race from Los Angeles to Cleveland. (AP Photo) (AP)
FILE - In this Nov. 29, 2017, file photo, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie speaks during a news conference in Newark, N.J. Former New Jersey Gov. Christie wants lawmakers across the country to resist a bill that would give the federal government control over regulating sports betting. The Republican says states have proven they can handle the job. Speaking Friday, Jan. 4, 2019, in New Orleans, Christie also urged them to resist granting the leagues “integrity fees,” which are essentially a slice of the action on sports bets, and to refuse demands to use official league data in sports betting. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File)
In 2014, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie fired one of his top aides, Deputy Chief of Staff Bridget Anne Kelly, and apologized repeatedly for his staff’s “stupid” behavior, insisting during a news conference that he had no idea anyone around him had engineered traffic jams as part of a political vendetta against a Democratic mayor. FILE – In this Nov. 29, 2017, file photo, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie speaks during a news conference in Newark, N.J. Former New Jersey Gov. Christie wants lawmakers across the country to resist a bill that would give the federal government control over regulating sports betting. The Republican says states have proven they can handle the job. Speaking Friday, Jan. 4, 2019, in New Orleans, Christie also urged them to resist granting the leagues “integrity fees,” which are essentially a slice of the action on sports bets, and to refuse demands to use official league data in sports betting. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File) (AP/Julio Cortez)
Leon Panetta
In 2009, President-elect Barack Obama announced he had picked retired Adm. Dennis Blair to be the national intelligence director and Leon Panetta to head the CIA. FILE – In this June 9, 2011 file photo, then-CIA Director nominee Leon Panetta testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington. After U.S. Navy SEALs killed Osama bin laden in Pakistan in May 2011, top CIA officials secretly told lawmakers that information gleaned from brutal interrogations played a key role in what was one of the spy agency’s greatest successes. Panetta repeated that assertion in public, and it found its way into a critically acclaimed movie about the operation, Zero Dark Thirty, which depicts a detainee offering up the identity of bin Laden’s courier, Abu Ahmad al- Kuwaiti, after being tortured at a CIA “black site.” As it turned out, Bin Laden was living in al Kuwaiti’s walled family compound, so tracking the courier was the key to finding the al-Qaida leader. (AP Photo/Manuel Balce Ceneta, File) (AP)
Steve Bannon
In 2018, Breitbart News Network announced that Steve Bannon was stepping down as chairman after his public break with President Donald Trump FILE – In this Sunday, Aug. 19, 2018, file photo, Steve Bannon, President Donald Trump’s former chief strategist, talks during an interview with The Associated Press, in Washington. Facing widespread outrage, The New Yorker has dropped plans to interview Steve Bannon during its festival in October. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File) (AP/J. Scott Applewhite)
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Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands died in the nightmare battle of World War I. (AP Photo)
This picture shows Vice President Richard Nixon as a World War II lieutenant commander in the U.S. Navy, stationed in August, 1944 at the Naval Air Station, Alameda, California.  Nixon had just returned to the United States under a rotation program from duty in the South Pacific as ground officer for the Combat Air Transport Command at Vella Lavella, Bougainville, Solomon Islands.  (AP Photo)
Investigators comb through the crash site of Comair Flight 3272 in Raisinville Township, Mich., looking for clues Sunday, Jan. 12, l997, in the crash which claimed 29 lives Thursday. Officials used the tent near the crater caused by the crash to warm up in the 9-degree frigid temperatures. (AP Photo/Richard Sheinwald)
Howard Hughes, industrialist, film producer and pilot, poses in the cockpit of his new racing plane after a test flight in Los Angeles August 17, 1935.  The plane, nearly two years in construction at a cost believed to be more than $100,000, was to be piloted by Hughes in the Bendix race from Los Angeles to Cleveland. (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Nov. 29, 2017, file photo, New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie speaks during a news conference in Newark, N.J. Former New Jersey Gov. Christie wants lawmakers across the country to resist a bill that would give the federal government control over regulating sports betting. The Republican says states have proven they can handle the job. Speaking Friday, Jan. 4, 2019, in New Orleans, Christie also urged them to resist granting the leagues “integrity fees,” which are essentially a slice of the action on sports bets, and to refuse demands to use official league data in sports betting. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File)
Leon Panetta
Steve Bannon

Today is Wednesday, Jan. 9, the ninth day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Jan. 9, 1861, Mississippi became the second state to secede from the Union, the same day the Star of the West, a merchant vessel bringing reinforcements and supplies to Federal troops at Fort Sumter, South Carolina, retreated because of artillery fire.

On this date:

In 1788, Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.

In 1908, French philosopher and feminist Simone de Beauvoir was born in Paris.

In 1913, Richard Milhous Nixon, the 37th president of the United States, was born in Yorba Linda, California.

In 1914, the County of Los Angeles opened the country’s first public defender’s office.

In 1916, the World War I Battle of Gallipoli ended after eight months with an Ottoman Empire victory as Allied forces withdrew.

In 1931, Bobbi Trout and Edna May Cooper broke an endurance record for female aviators as they returned to Mines Field in Los Angeles after flying a Curtiss Robin monoplane continuously for 122 hours and 50 minutes.

In 1945, during World War II, American forces began landing on the shores of Lingayen Gulf in the Philippines as the Battle of Luzon got underway, resulting in an Allied victory over Imperial Japanese forces.

In 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in his State of the Union address to Congress, warned of the threat of Communist imperialism.

In 1972, reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes, speaking by telephone from the Bahamas to reporters in Hollywood, said a purported autobiography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake.

In 1987, the White House released a January 1986 memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan by Lt. Col. Oliver L. North showing a link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.

In 1997, a Comair commuter plane crashed 18 miles short of the Detroit Metropolitan Airport, killing all 29 people on board.

In 2001, Linda Chavez withdrew her bid to be President-elect George W. Bush’s Secretary of Labor because of controversy over an immigrant in the U.S. illegally who’d once lived with her.

Ten years ago: The Illinois House voted 114-1 to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich (blah-GOY’-uh-vich), who defiantly insisted again that he had committed no crime. (The Illinois Senate unanimously voted to remove Blagojevich from office 20 days later.) President-elect Barack Obama announced he had picked retired Adm. Dennis Blair to be the national intelligence director and Leon Panetta to head the CIA. A Saudi supertanker, the Sirius Star, and its crew of 25 were released at the end of a two-month standoff in the Gulf of Aden after pirates were reportedly paid $3 million in ransom. (Five pirates were said to have drowned with their share of the money when their boat overturned.)

Five years ago: New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie fired one of his top aides, Deputy Chief of Staff Bridget Anne Kelly, and apologized repeatedly for his staff’s “stupid” behavior, insisting during a news conference that he had no idea anyone around him had engineered traffic jams as part of a political vendetta against a Democratic mayor. A chemical plant spill into West Virginia’s Elk River contaminated the water supply for Charleston, forcing more than 300,000 water customers in nine counties to stop using tap water. Activist poet-playwright Amiri Baraka, 79, died at a hospital in Newark, New Jersey.

One year ago: Downpours sent mud and boulders roaring down Southern California hillsides that had been stripped of vegetation by a gigantic wildfire; more than 20 people died and hundreds of homes were damaged or destroyed. Breitbart News Network announced that Steve Bannon was stepping down as chairman after his public break with President Donald Trump. Former Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio (ahr-PY’-oh) announced that he would run for the Senate seat being vacated by fellow Republican Jeff Flake; Arpaio had been spared a possible jail sentence when Trump pardoned him for disobeying a judge. (Arpaio finished third in an August primary won by Rep. Martha McSally.)

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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