Today in History: Jan. 19

Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi, daughter of the late Prime Minister Jawarhalal Nehru, after she was elected the first woman Prime Minister of India, in New Delhi, India  Jan. 18, 1966. (AP Photo)
In 1966, Indira Gandhi was chosen to be prime minister of India by the National Congress party. Gandhi, a powerful as well as polarizing figure, served as India’s prime minister from 1966 to 1977, and again beginning in 1980 until she was assassinated in 1984. Gandhi is seen here in New Delhi, India Jan. 18, 1966. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Anonymous)
Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, also called "Tokyo Rose," as she appeared in San Francisco, July 1, 1949, after having spent nine months in a jail cell waiting to find out whether the country of her birth will brand her traitor, or set her free. Her trial starts July 5 before Federal Judge Michael Roche. (AP Photo/Clarence Hamm)
In 1977, in one of his last acts of office, President Gerald R. Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D’Aquino, an American convicted of treason for making wartime broadcasts for Japan. (AP Photo/Clarence Hamm) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Clarence Hamm)
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee poses in his uniform during the American Civil War, 1861-65.  (AP Photo)
In 1807, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee poses in his uniform during the American Civil War, 1861-65. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
FILE - In this Aug. 11, 2016, file photo, United States' Aly Raisman rests between apparatus' during the artistic gymnastics women's individual all-around final at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Raisman says she is among the young women abused by a former USA Gymnastics team doctor. Raisman tells "60 Minutes" she was 15 when she was first treated by Dr. Larry Nassar, who spent more than two decades working with athletes at USA Gymnastics. He's now is in jail in Michigan awaiting sentencing after pleading guilty to possession of child pornography. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File)
In 2018, Olympic gold medalist Aly Raisman joined dozens of other women and girls in confronting her former doctor, Larry Nassar, at his sentencing hearing for multiple sexual assaults; she warned him that the testimony of the “powerful army” of survivors would haunt him in prison. FILE – In this Aug. 11, 2016, file photo, United States’ Aly Raisman rests between apparatus’ during the artistic gymnastics women’s individual all-around final at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Raisman says she is among the young women abused by a former USA Gymnastics team doctor. Raisman tells “60 Minutes” she was 15 when she was first treated by Dr. Larry Nassar, who spent more than two decades working with athletes at USA Gymnastics. He’s now is in jail in Michigan awaiting sentencing after pleading guilty to possession of child pornography. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File) (AP/Julio Cortez)
Millionaire sportsman, movie producer and holder of flight speed records Howard Hughes, poses by his air speedster shortly before roaring westward to Los Angeles, from Chicago, Ill., May 14, 1936, in an effort set a "lunch-to-dinner" air record. Inspired by a $50 bet, he had lunch in Chicago, then was off in an effort to reach Los Angeles in time for dinner. (AP Photo)
In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds. Millionaire sportsman, movie producer and holder of flight speed records Howard Hughes, poses by his air speedster shortly before roaring westward to Los Angeles, from Chicago, Ill., May 14, 1936, in an effort set a “lunch-to-dinner” air record. Inspired by a $50 bet, he had lunch in Chicago, then was off in an effort to reach Los Angeles in time for dinner. (AP Photo) (AP)
Lucy logo (AP)
In 1953, CBS-TV aired the widely watched episode of  “I Love Lucy” in which Lucy Ricardo, played by Lucille Ball, gave birth to Little Ricky. (By coincidence, Ball gave birth the same day to her son, Desi Arnaz Jr.)  (AP)
FILE - In this Nov. 9, 1979 file photo, one of the hostages seized when Islamic radicals stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, blindfolded and with his hands bound, is displayed to a crowd in Tehran, Iran. Forty years ago, Iran's ruling shah left his nation for the last time and an Islamic Revolution overthrew the vestiges of his caretaker government. The effects of the 1979 revolution, including the takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and ensuing hostage crisis, reverberate through decades of tense relations between Iran and America. (AP Photo, File)
In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an accord paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months. FILE – In this Nov. 9, 1979 file photo, one of the hostages seized when Islamic radicals stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, blindfolded and with his hands bound, is displayed to a crowd in Tehran, Iran. Forty years ago, Iran’s ruling shah left his nation for the last time and an Islamic Revolution overthrew the vestiges of his caretaker government. The effects of the 1979 revolution, including the takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and ensuing hostage crisis, reverberate through decades of tense relations between Iran and America. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
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Prime Minister of India Mrs. Indira Gandhi, daughter of the late Prime Minister Jawarhalal Nehru, after she was elected the first woman Prime Minister of India, in New Delhi, India  Jan. 18, 1966. (AP Photo)
Iva Ikuko Toguri D'Aquino, also called "Tokyo Rose," as she appeared in San Francisco, July 1, 1949, after having spent nine months in a jail cell waiting to find out whether the country of her birth will brand her traitor, or set her free. Her trial starts July 5 before Federal Judge Michael Roche. (AP Photo/Clarence Hamm)
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee poses in his uniform during the American Civil War, 1861-65.  (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Aug. 11, 2016, file photo, United States' Aly Raisman rests between apparatus' during the artistic gymnastics women's individual all-around final at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Raisman says she is among the young women abused by a former USA Gymnastics team doctor. Raisman tells "60 Minutes" she was 15 when she was first treated by Dr. Larry Nassar, who spent more than two decades working with athletes at USA Gymnastics. He's now is in jail in Michigan awaiting sentencing after pleading guilty to possession of child pornography. (AP Photo/Julio Cortez, File)
Millionaire sportsman, movie producer and holder of flight speed records Howard Hughes, poses by his air speedster shortly before roaring westward to Los Angeles, from Chicago, Ill., May 14, 1936, in an effort set a "lunch-to-dinner" air record. Inspired by a $50 bet, he had lunch in Chicago, then was off in an effort to reach Los Angeles in time for dinner. (AP Photo)
Lucy logo (AP)
FILE - In this Nov. 9, 1979 file photo, one of the hostages seized when Islamic radicals stormed the U.S. Embassy in Tehran, blindfolded and with his hands bound, is displayed to a crowd in Tehran, Iran. Forty years ago, Iran's ruling shah left his nation for the last time and an Islamic Revolution overthrew the vestiges of his caretaker government. The effects of the 1979 revolution, including the takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and ensuing hostage crisis, reverberate through decades of tense relations between Iran and America. (AP Photo, File)

Today is Saturday, Jan. 19, the 19th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Jan. 19, 1955, a presidential news conference was filmed for television and newsreels for the first time, with the permission of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.

On this date:

In 1807, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

In 1809, author, poet and critic Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.

In 1861, Georgia became the fifth state to secede from the Union.

In 1915, Germany carried out its first air raid on Britain during World War I as a pair of Zeppelins dropped bombs onto Great Yarmouth and King’s Lynn in England.

In 1937, millionaire Howard Hughes set a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, New Jersey, in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.

In 1942, during World War II, Japanese forces captured the British protectorate of North Borneo. A German submarine sank the Canadian liner RMS Lady Hawkins off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, killing 251 people; 71 survived.

In 1944, the federal government relinquished control of the nation’s railroads to their owners following settlement of a wage dispute.

In 1953, CBS-TV aired the widely watched episode of “I Love Lucy” in which Lucy Ricardo, played by Lucille Ball, gave birth to Little Ricky. (By coincidence, Ball gave birth the same day to her son, Desi Arnaz Jr.)

In 1966, Indira Gandhi was chosen to be prime minister of India by the National Congress party.

In 1977, President Gerald R. Ford pardoned Iva Toguri D’Aquino, an American convicted of treason for making radio broadcasts aimed at demoralizing Allied troops in the Pacific Theater during World War II. (Although she was popularly referred to as “Tokyo Rose,” D’Aquino never used that name.)

In 1981, the United States and Iran signed an accord paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.

In 1998, “rockabilly” pioneer Carl Perkins died in Jackson, Tennessee, at age 65.

Ten years ago: Russia and Ukraine signed a deal restoring natural gas shipments to Ukraine and paving the way for an end to the nearly two-week cutoff of most Russian gas to a freezing Europe.

Five years ago: An Islamic militant group in Russia’s North Caucasus claimed responsibility for recent twin bombings in the southern city of Volgograd and posted a video threatening to strike at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi. Peyton Manning threw for 400 yards and two touchdowns to lead Denver to a 26-16 victory over New England and send the AFC champion Broncos to their first trip to the Super Bowl in 15 years. Russell Wilson threw a 35-yard touchdown pass on fourth down and Seattle’s top-ranked defense forced two late turnovers, lifting the Seahawks into their second Super Bowl with a 23-17 victory over the San Francisco 49ers for the NFC championship.

One year ago: The Supreme Court agreed to decide the legality of the latest version of President Donald Trump’s ban on travel to the United States by residents of six majority-Muslim countries. (A sharply divided court would uphold the ban in a 5-4 decision in June.) Olympic gold medalist Aly Raisman joined dozens of other women and girls in confronting her former doctor, Larry Nassar, at his sentencing hearing for multiple sexual assaults; she warned him that the testimony of the “powerful army” of survivors would haunt him in prison. After a record year in per-capita homicides, Baltimore’s mayor fired the city’s police commissioner, Kevin Davis, replacing him with Deputy Commissioner Darryl DeSousa. Amazon announced that it was raising the monthly price of its Prime membership plan by nearly 20 percent, to $12.99. (The fee for an annual membership would also rise 20 percent a few months later, to $119 a year.)

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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