Today in History: Oct. 24

Every seat in the United Nations General Assembly is filled as President Harry S. Truman addresses the assembly at Flushing Meadow, New York, Oct. 24, 1950 on the fifth anniversary of the U.N. charter. (AP Photo)

In 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect. Here, every seat in the United Nations General Assembly is filled as President Harry S. Truman addresses the assembly at Flushing Meadow, New York, Oct. 24, 1950 on the fifth anniversary of the U.N. charter. (AP Photo) (AP/Anonymous)

Students at National College in Kansas City begin stocking a tunnel under the campus with survival supplies shown Oct. 24, 1962. College officials said it was a precautionary measure against possible atomic attack. Irene Peters, 19, Canton, Mo., stacks canned goods. In background, Edgar Walden, left, Indianapolis, and Jim Potter, Kansas City, carry in water. The college is putting in a two-week supply of food, water and oxygen in two tunnels that connect the building. The school is a Methodist four-year college. (AP Photo/William P. Straeter)

In 1962, a naval quarantine of Cuba ordered by President John F. Kennedy went into effect during the missile crisis. Here, students at National College in Kansas City begin stocking a tunnel under the campus with survival supplies shown Oct. 24, 1962. A naval quarantine of Cuba ordered by President John F. Kennedy went into effect during the missile crisis. (AP Photo/William P. Straeter) (AP/William P. Straeter)

circa 1945:  A portrait of the Brooklyn Dodgers' infielder Jackie Robinson in uniform.  (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
In 1972, Hall of Famer Jackie Robinson, who’d broken Major League Baseball’s color barrier in 1947, died in Stamford, Connecticut, at age 53. Circa 1945: A portrait of the Brooklyn Dodgers’ infielder Jackie Robinson in uniform. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Hulton Archive)
In 2002, authorities apprehended Army veteran John Allen Muhammad and teenager Lee Boyd Malvo near Myersville, Maryland, in the Washington-area sniper attacks. (Malvo was later sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole; Muhammad was sentenced to death and executed in 2009.) (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
In 2002, authorities apprehended Army veteran John Allen Muhammad and teenager Lee Boyd Malvo near Myersville, Maryland, in the Washington-area sniper attacks. (Malvo was later sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole; Muhammad was sentenced to death and executed in 2009.) (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Mario Tama)
Rosa Parks seated toward the front of the bus, Montgomery, Alabama, 1956. (Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images)
In 2005, civil rights icon Rosa Parks died in Detroit at age 92. Here, Rosa Parks seated toward the front of the bus, Montgomery, Alabama, 1956.  (Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Underwood Archives)
Executive assistants, on the U.S. News' list of the "100 Best Jobs," help the higher-ups manage their time, schedules and paperwork. These pros may coordinate meetings, analyze documents or oversee clerical workers.(ThinkStock)
In 1940, the 40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. (ThinkStock) (Thinkstock)
U.S. marshals escort former PTL leader Jim Bakker, center, from his attorney's office to a waiting car Thursday afternoon Aug. 31, 1989 in Charlotte, N.C.   Bakker, who did not appear in court Thursday, was taken under order to the State Correctional Institute at Butner, N.C., for psychiatric evaluation.  (AP Photo/Chuck Burton)
In 1989, former television evangelist Jim Bakker was sentenced for fraud and conspiracy. Here, Bakker is seen being escorted by U.S. marshals from his attorney’s office to a waiting car Thursday afternoon Aug. 31, 1989 in Charlotte, N.C.  (AP Photo/Chuck Burton) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/CHUCK BURTON)
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Every seat in the United Nations General Assembly is filled as President Harry S. Truman addresses the assembly at Flushing Meadow, New York, Oct. 24, 1950 on the fifth anniversary of the U.N. charter. (AP Photo)
Students at National College in Kansas City begin stocking a tunnel under the campus with survival supplies shown Oct. 24, 1962. College officials said it was a precautionary measure against possible atomic attack. Irene Peters, 19, Canton, Mo., stacks canned goods. In background, Edgar Walden, left, Indianapolis, and Jim Potter, Kansas City, carry in water. The college is putting in a two-week supply of food, water and oxygen in two tunnels that connect the building. The school is a Methodist four-year college. (AP Photo/William P. Straeter)
circa 1945:  A portrait of the Brooklyn Dodgers' infielder Jackie Robinson in uniform.  (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
In 2002, authorities apprehended Army veteran John Allen Muhammad and teenager Lee Boyd Malvo near Myersville, Maryland, in the Washington-area sniper attacks. (Malvo was later sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole; Muhammad was sentenced to death and executed in 2009.) (Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images)
Rosa Parks seated toward the front of the bus, Montgomery, Alabama, 1956. (Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images)
Executive assistants, on the U.S. News' list of the "100 Best Jobs," help the higher-ups manage their time, schedules and paperwork. These pros may coordinate meetings, analyze documents or oversee clerical workers.(ThinkStock)
U.S. marshals escort former PTL leader Jim Bakker, center, from his attorney's office to a waiting car Thursday afternoon Aug. 31, 1989 in Charlotte, N.C.   Bakker, who did not appear in court Thursday, was taken under order to the State Correctional Institute at Butner, N.C., for psychiatric evaluation.  (AP Photo/Chuck Burton)

Today is Oct. 24, the 297th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 24, 1972, Hall of Famer Jackie Robinson, who’d broken Major League Baseball’s color barrier in 1947, died in Stamford, Connecticut, at age 53.

On this date:

In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia (west-FAY’-lee-uh) ended the Thirty Years War and effectively destroyed the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph message was sent by Chief Justice Stephen J. Field of California from San Francisco to President Abraham Lincoln in Washington, D.C., over a line built by the Western Union Telegraph Co.

In 1931, the George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, was officially dedicated (it opened to traffic the next day).

In 1939, nylon stockings were sold publicly for the first time, in Wilmington, Delaware.

In 1940, the 40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.

In 1945, the United Nations officially came into existence as its charter took effect.

In 1952, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declared in Detroit, “I shall go to Korea” as he promised to end the conflict. (He made the visit over a month later.)

In 1962, a naval quarantine of Cuba ordered by President John F. Kennedy went into effect during the missile crisis.

In 1980, the merchant freighter SS Poet departed Philadelphia, bound for Port Said (sah-EED’), Egypt, with a crew of 34 and a cargo of grain; it disappeared en route and has not been heard from since.

In 1989, former television evangelist Jim Bakker (BAY’-kur) was sentenced by a judge in Charlotte, N.C., to 45 years in prison for fraud and conspiracy. (The sentence was later reduced to eight years; it was further reduced to four for good behavior.)

In 2002, authorities apprehended Army veteran John Allen Muhammad and teenager Lee Boyd Malvo near Myersville, Maryland, in the Washington-area sniper attacks. (Malvo was later sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole; Muhammad was sentenced to death and executed in 2009.)

In 2005, civil rights icon Rosa Parks died in Detroit at age 92.

In 2008: Singer-actress Jennifer Hudson’s mother and brother were found slain in their Chicago home; the body of her 7-year-old nephew was found three days later. (Hudson’s estranged brother-in-law was convicted of the murders and sentenced to life in prison.) A Russian Soyuz capsule touched down in Kazakhstan after delivering the first two men to follow their fathers into space, a Russian and an American, to the international space station.

In 2013: President Barack Obama made a plea for Republican cooperation on immigration, telling a White House event, “Rather than create problems, let’s prove to the American people that Washington can actually solve some problems.” In an apparent first, a majority-female officiating crew worked an NCAA college football game; head linesman Yvonda Lewis, line judge Tangela Mitchell, field judge Sebrina Brunson and back judge Krystle Apellaniz were part of the seven-person crew for the Division II game between Miles and Lane, which Miles won, 38-26. Former World Bank economist Augusto Odone, 80, who defied skeptical scientists to invent a treatment to try to save the life of his little boy wasting away from a neurological disease (and who was portrayed by Nick Nolte in the 1992 film “Lorenzo’s Oil”), died in Aqui Terme, Italy.

In 2017: Republican Sen. Jeff Flake of Arizona announced that he would not seek re-election in 2018; he’d been critical of the path the GOP had taken under President Donald Trump. Fats Domino, the rock `n’ roll pioneer whose hits included “Blueberry Hill” and “Ain’t That a Shame,” died in Louisiana at the age of 89. Actor Robert Guillaume, who won Emmy awards for his portrayal of the sharp-tongued butler in the sitcoms “Soap” and “Benson,” died in Los Angeles at 89. In a game that began in 103-degree heat, the Los Angeles Dodgers opened the World Series with a 3-1 victory over the Houston Astros in Los Angeles; Clayton Kershaw was the winning pitcher in his World Series debut.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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