Today in History: April 11

A scene in front of the Capitol during Lincoln's second inauguration, 1865, just six weeks before his assassination.  (AP Photo)

In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln spoke to a crowd outside the White House, saying, “We meet this evening, not in sorrow, but in gladness of heart.” (It was the last public address Lincoln would deliver.)

This 1865 photo shows a scene in front of the Capitol during Lincoln’s second inauguration, just six weeks before his assassination. (AP Photo)

American Spirit

In 1921, Iowa became the first state to impose a cigarette tax, at 2 cents a package.

FILE – In this 2014 file photo, Natural American Spirit cigarettes are on display for sale. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky, File)

Visitors walk through the former concentration camp Buchenwald  on the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany  Saturday, April 11, 2015. On April 11, 1945 the Buchenwald concentration camp was liberated by the United States Army.  (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)

In 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.

In this 2015 photo, visitors walk through the former concentration camp Buchenwald on the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)

Robinson
In 1947, Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers played in an exhibition against the New York Yankees at Ebbets Field, four days before his regular-season debut that broke baseball’s color line. (The Dodgers won, 14-6.) (AP Photo/Harry Harris, File)

Douglas MacArthur, Alben Barkley

In 1951, President Harry S. Truman relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his commands in the Far East.

FILE – In this 1951 file photo, Army General Douglas MacArthur addresses a joint session of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo, File)

President Lyndon B Johnson (1908 - 1973) discusses the Voting Rights Act with civil rights campaigner Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 - 1968). The act, part of President Johnson's 'Great Society' program trebled the number of black voters in the south, who had previously been hindered by racially inspired laws, 1965. (Photo by  Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
On April 11, 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which included the Fair Housing Act, a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

The huge Saturn rocket carrying the Apollo 13 spacecraft is on its moon mission, lifts off the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., April 11, 1970

In 1970, Apollo 13, with astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert, blasted off on its ill-fated mission to the moon. (AP Photo)

President Ronald Reagan and Mrs. Nancy Reagan wave to members of the White House staff on the South Lawn in Washington  Saturday, April 11, 1981. Reagan returned to the Executive Mansion after 12 days in the hospital recovering from a shot by a would-be assassin. (AP Photo)
President Ronald Reagan and Mrs. Nancy Reagan wave to members of the White House staff on the South Lawn in Washington Saturday, April 11, 1981. Reagan returned to the Executive Mansion after 12 days in the hospital recovering from a shot by a would-be assassin. (AP Photo)

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A scene in front of the Capitol during Lincoln's second inauguration, 1865, just six weeks before his assassination.  (AP Photo)
American Spirit
Visitors walk through the former concentration camp Buchenwald  on the 70th anniversary of the liberation of the former Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald near Weimar, Germany  Saturday, April 11, 2015. On April 11, 1945 the Buchenwald concentration camp was liberated by the United States Army.  (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)
Robinson
Douglas MacArthur, Alben Barkley
President Lyndon B Johnson (1908 - 1973) discusses the Voting Rights Act with civil rights campaigner Martin Luther King Jr. (1929 - 1968). The act, part of President Johnson's 'Great Society' program trebled the number of black voters in the south, who had previously been hindered by racially inspired laws, 1965. (Photo by  Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
The huge Saturn rocket carrying the Apollo 13 spacecraft is on its moon mission, lifts off the launch pad at Cape Kennedy, Fla., April 11, 1970
President Ronald Reagan and Mrs. Nancy Reagan wave to members of the White House staff on the South Lawn in Washington  Saturday, April 11, 1981. Reagan returned to the Executive Mansion after 12 days in the hospital recovering from a shot by a would-be assassin. (AP Photo)

Today is Thursday, April 11, the 101st day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 11, 1945, during World War II, American soldiers liberated the Nazi concentration camp Buchenwald in Germany.

On this date:

In 1865, President Abraham Lincoln spoke to a crowd outside the White House, saying, “We meet this evening, not in sorrow, but in gladness of heart.” (It was the last public address Lincoln would deliver.)

In 1921, Iowa became the first state to impose a cigarette tax, at 2 cents a package.

In 1947, Jackie Robinson of the Brooklyn Dodgers played in an exhibition against the New York Yankees at Ebbets Field, four days before his regular-season debut that broke baseball’s color line. (The Dodgers won, 14-6.)

In 1951, President Harry S. Truman relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur of his commands in the Far East.

In 1961, former SS officer Adolf Eichmann went on trial in Israel, charged with crimes against humanity for his role in the Nazi Holocaust. (Eichmann was convicted and executed.)

In 1966, Frank Sinatra recorded the song “Strangers in the Night” for his label, Reprise (rih-PREEZ’) Records.

In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which included the Fair Housing Act, a week after the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

In 1970, Apollo 13, with astronauts James A. Lovell, Fred W. Haise and Jack Swigert, blasted off on its ill-fated mission to the moon.

In 1974, Palestinian gunmen killed 16 civilians, mostly women and children, in the northern Israeli town of Kiryat Shemona.

In 1980, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issued regulations specifically prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors.

In 1981, President Ronald Reagan returned to the White House from the hospital, 12 days after he was wounded in an assassination attempt. Race-related rioting erupted in the Brixton district of south London.

In 2002, U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr., D-Ohio, was convicted of taking bribes and kickbacks from businessmen and his own staff. (Traficant was later expelled from Congress and sentenced to eight years in prison; he was released in September 2009.)

Ten years ago: A 16-nation Asian summit in Bangkok, Thailand, was canceled after demonstrators stormed the venue. Boston University won its fifth NCAA hockey championship, defeating Miami (Ohio) 4-3 in overtime. Susan Boyle, a middle-aged volunteer church worker, wowed judges and audiences alike with her soaring rendition of “I Dreamed a Dream” from the musical “Les Miserables” on the British TV show “Britain’s Got Talent.”

Five years ago: President Barack Obama, in a fiery speech at civil rights activist Al Sharpton’s National Action Network conference, accused the GOP of using voting restrictions to keep voters from the polls and of jeopardizing 50 years of expanded ballot box access for millions of black Americans and other minorities. White House budget director Sylvia Mathews Burwell was named by President Obama to succeed Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius. In a rare diplomatic rebuke, the United States blocked Iran’s controversial pick for envoy to the United Nations, Hamid Aboutalebi, a member of the group responsible for the 1979 takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.

One year ago: House Speaker Paul Ryan announced that he would retire rather than seek another term in Congress. California Gov. Jerry Brown accepted President Donald Trump’s call to send the National Guard to the Mexican border but said the troops would have nothing to do with immigration enforcement. Pope Francis admitted he made “grave errors” in judgment in Chile’s sex abuse scandal; during a January visit to Chile, Francis had strongly defended Bishop Juan Barros despite accusations by victims that Barros had witnessed and ignored their abuse. A military transport plane crashed just after takeoff in Algeria, killing 257 people in the worst aviation disaster in the history of the North African country. Mitzi Shore, owner of the Los Angeles club the Comedy Store, died at the age of 87.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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