Today in History: April 28

Portrait of 5th United States President James Monroe. (1817-1825) (Courtesy of the National Archives/Newsmakers)

In 1758, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia. This photo show a portrait of President James Monroe. (Courtesy of the National Archives/Newsmakers) (Getty Images/National Archives)

Maryland State House

In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States. This 2013 photos shows a general view of the Maryland State House in Annapolis, Maryland. (AP Photo/Patrick Semansky) (AP/Patrick Semansky)

In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.  (AP Photo)

In 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country. In 1936 photo, Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin in a speech in Milan, Italy. (AP Photo) (AP)

Muhammad Ali, Sonny Liston

In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali refused to be inducted into the Army, the same day U.S. Army Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress the U.S. “would prevail in Vietnam.” In this 1965 file photo, Muhammad Ali stands over fallen challenger Sonny Liston, shouting and gesturing shortly after dropping Liston with a short hard right to the jaw in the first round of their title fight in Lewiston, Maine. (AP Photo/John Rooney, File) (AP)

Sarah Huckabee Sanders
In 1993, the first “Take Our Daughters to Work Day,” promoted by the New York-based Ms. Foundation, was held in an attempt to boost the self-esteem of girls by having them visit a parent’s place of work. (The event was later expanded to include sons.) White House staff members and children listen during a briefing on “Take our Daughters and Sons to Work Day” in the briefing room of the White House, Thursday, April 26, 2018, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci) (AP/Evan Vucci)
Former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance listens during his testimony on the Persian Gulf crisis before the House Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill on Dec. 19, 1990 in Washington. Vance, who resigned as President Carter's Secretary of State over an ill-fated attempt to save American hostages from Iran, has died. He was 84.  (AP Photo/John Duricka)
In 1980, President Jimmy Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran. (Vance was succeeded by Edmund Muskie.) Former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance listens during his testimony on the Persian Gulf crisis before the House Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill on Dec. 19, 1990 in Washington. Vance resigned as President Carter’s Secretary of State over an ill-fated attempt to save American hostages from Iran. (AP Photo/John Duricka) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/JOHN DURICKA)
** FILE ** In this April 28, 2994 file photo, former  CIA agent Aldrich Ames leaves federal court in Alexandria, Va. Ames beat the polygraph test twice and now the Defense Intelligence Agency is nearly tripling its arsenal of lie detectors in an attempt to polygraph every one of its 5,700 prospective and current employees every year. Polygraphy as a screening tool, however, is not fool proof. The test gives a high rate of false positives on innocent people, and guilty testers can be trained to beat the system. (AP Photo/Denis Paquin, File)
In 1994, former CIA official Aldrich Ames, who had betrayed U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and then Russia, pleaded guilty to espionage and tax evasion, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole. ** FILE ** In this April 28, 1994 file photo, former CIA agent Aldrich Ames leaves federal court in Alexandria, Va.  (AP Photo/Denis Paquin, File) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Denis Paquin)
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Portrait of 5th United States President James Monroe. (1817-1825) (Courtesy of the National Archives/Newsmakers)
Maryland State House
In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.  (AP Photo)
Muhammad Ali, Sonny Liston
Sarah Huckabee Sanders
Former Secretary of State Cyrus Vance listens during his testimony on the Persian Gulf crisis before the House Armed Services Committee on Capitol Hill on Dec. 19, 1990 in Washington. Vance, who resigned as President Carter's Secretary of State over an ill-fated attempt to save American hostages from Iran, has died. He was 84.  (AP Photo/John Duricka)
** FILE ** In this April 28, 2994 file photo, former  CIA agent Aldrich Ames leaves federal court in Alexandria, Va. Ames beat the polygraph test twice and now the Defense Intelligence Agency is nearly tripling its arsenal of lie detectors in an attempt to polygraph every one of its 5,700 prospective and current employees every year. Polygraphy as a screening tool, however, is not fool proof. The test gives a high rate of false positives on innocent people, and guilty testers can be trained to beat the system. (AP Photo/Denis Paquin, File)

Today is Sunday, April 28, the 118th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 28, 1945, Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and his mistress, Clara Petacci, were executed by Italian partisans as they attempted to flee the country.

On this date:

In 1758, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.

In 1788, Maryland became the seventh state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

In 1789, there was a mutiny on the HMS Bounty as rebelling crew members of the British ship, led by Fletcher Christian, set the captain, William Bligh, and 18 others adrift in a launch in the South Pacific. (Bligh and most of the men with him reached Timor in 47 days.)

In 1918, Gavrilo Princip, 23, the assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and the archduke’s wife, Sophie, died in prison of tuberculosis.

In 1958, the United States conducted the first of 35 nuclear test explosions in the Pacific Proving Ground as part of Operation Hardtack I. Vice President Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, began a goodwill tour of Latin America that was marred by hostile mobs in Lima, Peru, and Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1967, heavyweight boxing champion Muhammad Ali was stripped of his title after he refused to be inducted into the armed forces. U.S. Army Gen. William C. Westmoreland told Congress that “backed at home by resolve, confidence, patience, determination and continued support, we will prevail in Vietnam over communist aggression.”

In 1980, President Jimmy Carter accepted the resignation of Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance, who had opposed the failed rescue mission aimed at freeing American hostages in Iran. (Vance was succeeded by Edmund Muskie.)

In 1988, a flight attendant was killed and more than 60 persons injured when part of the roof of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 tore off during a flight from Hilo (HEE’-loh) to Honolulu.

In 1990, the musical “A Chorus Line” closed after 6,137 performances on Broadway.

In 1993, the first “Take Our Daughters to Work Day,” promoted by the New York-based Ms. Foundation, was held in an attempt to boost the self-esteem of girls by having them visit a parent’s place of work. (The event was later expanded to include sons.)

In 1994, former CIA official Aldrich Ames, who had betrayed U.S. secrets to the Soviet Union and then Russia, pleaded guilty to espionage and tax evasion, and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.

In 1996, a man armed with a semiautomatic rifle went on a rampage on the Australian island of Tasmania, killing 35 people; the gunman was captured after a 12-hour standoff at a guest cottage, and is now serving a life prison sentence.

Ten years ago: Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius won Senate confirmation, 65-31, as health and human services secretary. Sen. Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania defected from the Republican Party, joining the Democrats. Country singer Vern Gosdin (”Chiseled in Stone”) died in Nashville at age 74.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama arrived in the Philippines on the last stop of a weeklong Asia tour that also included Japan, South Korea and Malaysia. The United States and its European allies hit more than two dozen Russian government officials, executives and companies with new sanctions as punishment for their country’s actions in Ukraine. Two dozen tornadoes ripped through Mississippi, killing 14 people.

One year ago: Alfie Evans, the 23-month-old terminally-ill British toddler who was at the center of a legal battle over his treatment, died at a British hospital; doctors had said further treatment for his degenerative brain condition was futile and that he should be allowed to die, but his parents fought for months to take him to the Vatican’s children’s hospital so he could be kept on life support. Jacob Cartwright, a trucker who was missing in a snow-covered area of Oregon for four days after his GPS device sent him up the wrong road, emerged from the remote and rugged region after walking 36 miles to safety.

Today’s Birthdays: Former Secretary of State James A. Baker III is 89. Actress-singer Ann-Margret is 78. Actor Paul Guilfoyle is 70. Former “Tonight Show” host Jay Leno is 69. Rock musician Chuck Leavell is 67. Actress Mary McDonnell is 67. Rock singer-musician Kim Gordon (Sonic Youth) is 66. Actress Nancy Lee Grahn is 63. Supreme Court Justice Elena Kagan is 59. Rapper Too Short is 53. Actress Bridget Moynahan is 48. Actor Chris Young is 48. Rapper Big Gipp is 46. Actor Jorge Garcia is 46. Actress Elisabeth Rohm is 46. Actress Penelope Cruz is 45. Actor Nate Richert is 41. TV personalities Drew and Jonathan Scott are 41. Actress Jessica Alba is 38. Actor Harry Shum Jr. is 37. Actress Jenna Ushkowitz is 33. Actress Aleisha Allen is 28.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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