Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission draws draft congressional map

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The Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission kicked off its second round of public hearings last Thursday night and drew up their first complete draft congressional map.

Commission members reviewed several draft maps of individual congressional districts drawn up by their resident redistricting expert, Nathaniel Persily, for “illustrative, instructional and potential discussion” purposes at the meeting.

Those maps mostly deal with individual regions of the state and are available online, but aren’t meant to reflect the commission’s final plans. Commission members also drew up a draft congressional map and agreed on a few general principles such as creating a Western Maryland district that includes Carroll County and not crossing the Chesapeake Bay.

Panelists and Persily also drew up draft districts that, in addition to those principles, combines the three Southern Maryland counties with southern Prince George’s County; combines most of Anne Arundel County with Howard County; keeps Baltimore whole by combining it with portions of northern Anne Arundel County; and includes part of northern Montgomery County in the Western Maryland district.

Md. draft 2021 congressional map

Maryland draft redistricting map
Click to enlarge A draft congressional map drawn up by the Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission at their Thursday, Sept. 9 hearing. This map is not meant to reflect the commission’s final plan, but serve as a base for public reaction. (Courtesy Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission)
Md. 2011 congressional map
Click to enlarge Maryland’s current congressional district map, approved by the General Assembly in 2012, faced legal challenges that made it up to the U.S. Supreme Court, where justices decided it was not the court’s place to weigh in on state-level political gerrymandering disputes. (Courtesy Maryland Department of Planning)

The draft map, which would add a second Republican-leaning district in Western Maryland, generally features fewer county splits than the state’s current congressional maps. Baltimore is currently split between three congressional districts, and in the draft it is entirely contained within one. Anne Arundel County is currently split between four congressional districts, and is split between two in the draft map. Baltimore County also sees less splits in the draft.

The commission is still conducting public hearings and accepting map submissions for the public, so the draft map is likely to change.

Just two speakers from the public testified at last week’s hearing: Zulieka Baysmore, a Baltimore resident who was a candidate in the 2020 Republican mayoral primary, and Reuben Collins, the Democratic president of the Charles County Board of Commissioners.

Collins noted that Charles County was one of the fastest-growing counties in Maryland, according to U.S. Census data, and said commission members should “look at amplifying opportunities for minority representation” in his county.

Baysmore urged commission members to keep districts competitive in their proposed maps rather than “fully red or fully blue.”

The commission has received 10 map submissions from the public to date, Maryland Department of Planning Director of Public Affairs Kristin Fleckenstein said at the meeting.

The Maryland Citizens Redistricting Commission was created via executive order by Gov. Lawrence J. Hogan Jr. (R) and includes three Republicans, three Democrats and three unaffiliated voters. The commission is tasked with drawing up congressional and legislative maps that Hogan plans to submit to the General Assembly.

The General Assembly, where Democrats hold a veto-proof majority in both the House of Delegates and the Senate, will have the final say over proposed maps. The Legislative Redistricting Advisory Commission announced Friday that it would hold its first public hearing at Prince George’s Community College in Largo on Sept. 20 at 6 p.m. as part of its mapmaking process.

This article was written by WTOP’s news partners at Maryland Matters and republished with permission. Sign up for Maryland Matters’ free email subscription today.

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