Youngkin signs multiple animal welfare bills into law

Governor Glenn Youngkin poses with a beagle after signing legislation prohibiting the sale of dogs or cats for experimental purposes on Monday.

Governor Glenn Youngkin pets a beagle before signing the slate of “Beagle Bills” in front of the Governor’s Executive Mansion on Monday.

Governor Glenn Youngkin greets a beagle after signing legislation prohibiting the sale of dogs or cats for experimental purposes.

Governor Glenn Youngkin and Senator William M. Stanley, Jr (right) visit with a beagle after signing the Beagle Bills into law on Monday.


Virginia Gov. Glenn Youngkin on Monday signed into law tighter regulations on the sale of animals for experimental use.

Dubbed the “Beagle Bills,” the latest round of laws was inspired by the repeated animal welfare violations uncovered at a beagle breeding facility in Cumberland, Virginia, late last year.

According to the governor’s office, HB 1350 and SB 87 prohibit the sale of dogs and cats for experimental purposes. The law had only previously addressed the sale of dogs.

The new law also broadens the scope of the term “breeder” to include anyone who breeds animals and is regulated under federal law. Language in the bill was updated in order to close a loophole to prohibit the importation or sale of dogs and cats from anyone with certain Animal Welfare Act violations.

“Today’s remarkable achievement brought every single Republican and Democrat together to protect our four-legged constituents,” Youngkin said in a statement.

“This historic package of bills I signed today clarifies that dogs and cats bred and sold for experimental purposes are protected by Virginia’s cruelty-to-animals law, will help ensure welfare standards and save lives, and will give Virginia the authority to take action when welfare violations occur.”

The remaining Beagle Bills address record keeping on sales, creating adoption options and animal cruelty definitions.

SB 88 requires breeders of cats and dogs for experimental services to keep records of each animal from the date of sale and transfer. Providing quarterly summaries of these records to the State Veterinarian are required, as is a requirement that those summaries can be made available for the state’s Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, animal control officers, and law enforcement upon request.

SB 90 requires breeders to put animals who were bred for testing facilities, but are no longer needed, up for adoption prior to euthanizing it. Currently only testing facilities have this requirement.

SB 604 amends the definition of companion animal with more specific language in order to clarify that dogs and cats in the possession of breeders that sell animals for experimental purposes are protected by Virginia’s cruelty-to-animals laws. The current language exempts all animals regulated under federal law as “research animal,” while this law seeks to apply only to animals that are actively a part of scientific or medical experimentation.

Matthew Delaney

Matt Delaney is a digital web writer/editor who joined WTOP in 2020.

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