Q: What should we expect now that “net neutrality” is dead?
Few things impact people as much as the internet, so it’s no surprise that this has become a hot issue. But it’s a little premature to proclaim net neutrality “dead” as many parties are likely to challenge the overturning of this 2015 ruling, including the New York attorney general, Common Cause, Free Press and others.
This very important issue is as much about party politics as it is about regulating the internet, and as expected, the 3-2 vote went right along party lines.
It shouldn’t surprise anyone that any regulation put in place by the previous administration has a bull’s-eye on it from the current administration, not to mention the general Republican stance of less regulation is better.
Like many other complex technology issues, this is far from black and white, so stepping away from party politics is helpful in truly understanding things.
The Title II repeal
At the root of this action was a change made in 2015 to classify internet service providers, or ISPs, as a “common carrier” being repealed that included a specific provision limiting ISPs’ ability to block or throttle websites and apps, or offer paid prioritization of specific internet content.
Is the internet really neutral?
Before the 2015 reclassification, the internet was actually free to engage in many of the practices that are feared if this classification change holds up.
Anyone that’s ever loved AOL was actually embracing the world that everyone now fears. AOL decided what you saw when you signed in and presented you with content that loaded quicker from their “partners” instead of sending you off to the actual world wide web — we always referred to AOL as “Almost On Line.”
One of the many concerns is that ISPs will get to choose winners and losers by creating partnerships with large content providers, but that’s already happening.
T-Mobile was one of the first wireless carriers to allow unlimited streaming of video and music from specific partners — such as YouTube, Netflix, Pandora and Spotify — without it impacting their data plan.
Is this good for consumers or is this an ISP picking winners and losers? How can a small, unknown music service startup that can’t afford to partner with a wireless carrier stand a chance?
With the growth of streaming video and people’s collective lack of patience for anything that constantly “buffers,” it’s easy to understand the concerns about the future.
But even with Title II, priority access already exists. Internet giants such as Netflix, Google and Amazon have had special deals in place with large ISPs to ensure users can get to their online properties quickly that no startup could ever afford.
The past and future
Repeal advocates point to the pre-2015 internet to say that we did just fine without the restrictions under Title II, while pundits proclaim it’s “the end of the internet as we know it.”
Both sides are overstating their positions.
Since most large ISPs are now in the content business, much of what happened in the past doesn’t reflect concerns about how they’ll act in the future. But proclaiming “the internet is dead” isn’t helpful either. So, stay tuned!