Today in History: Aug. 22

New York Yankees' Bobby Murcer and Mel Stottlemyre, right, pose with their wives Jean Stottlemyre and Kay Murcer  at the wheel of the schooner America during cruise on Long Island Sound, July 6, 1970. The vessel is a replica of the original America, which captured the first Americas Cup in 1851. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)
On August 22, 1851, the schooner America outraced more than a dozen British vessels off the English coast to win a trophy that came to be known as the America’s Cup. New York Yankees’ Bobby Murcer and Mel Stottlemyre, right, pose with their wives Jean Stottlemyre and Kay Murcer at the wheel of the schooner America during cruise on Long Island Sound, July 6, 1970. The vessel is a replica of the original America, which captured the first Americas Cup in 1851. (AP Photo/Harry Harris) (AP/Harry Harris)
A reminder of the years of occupation and annexation of Korea by Japan is the largest Shinto temple in Seoul, South Korea on Dec. 2, 1947, built by the Japanese about ten years ago. Named the Chosen temple, it is known popularly as the temple of a thousand steps. (AP Photo)
In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, which remained under Japanese control until the end of World War II. In this photo, a reminder of the years of occupation and annexation of Korea by Japan is the largest Shinto temple in Seoul, South Korea on Dec. 2, 1947, built by the Japanese about ten years ago. Named the Chosen temple, it is known popularly as the temple of a thousand steps. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
FILE- In this Thursday, March 28, 2013 file photo, people watch from inside BBC's New Broadcasting House, as BBC journalists and technical staff on strike, not seen, form a picket line outside the building in central London. The publicly funded BBC has published the names and salaries of its highest-earning actors and presenters, revealing that its best-paid star, radio host Chris Evans, earns more than 2.2 million pounds ($2.9 million) a year. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis, File)
In 1932, the British Broadcasting Corp. conducted its first experimental television broadcast, using a 30-line mechanical system. FILE- In this Thursday, March 28, 2013 file photo, people watch from inside BBC’s New Broadcasting House, as BBC journalists and technical staff on strike, not seen, form a picket line outside the building in central London. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis, File) (AP/Lefteris Pitarakis)
This was the scene around the speaker's rostrum as GOP national committee chairman Leonard Hall called the Republican National Convention to order, Aug. 20, 1956, in San Francisco's Cow Palace.  (AP Photo)
In 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon were nominated for second terms in office by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco. This was the scene around the speaker’s rostrum as GOP national committee chairman Leonard Hall called the Republican National Convention to order, Aug. 20, 1956, in San Francisco’s Cow Palace. (AP Photo) (AP/Anonymous)
Actor/director Clint Eastwood, right, gestures as he shares a moment with fellow directors Rob Reiner, left, and Neil Jordan, Saturday, March 6, 1993 in Los Angeles. All three are nominated for best direction in motion pictures by the Directors Guild. Eastwood for “Unforgiven”, Reiner for “A Few Good men”, and Jordan for “The Crying Game.” The DGA Award show will be held in New York and Los Angeles this evening. (AP Photo/Chris Martinez)
In 1986, the Rob Reiner coming-of-age film “Stand By Me” was put into wide release by Columbia Pictures. In this photo, actor/director Clint Eastwood, right, gestures as he shares a moment with fellow directors Rob Reiner, left, and Neil Jordan, Saturday, March 6, 1993 in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Chris Martinez) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Chris Martinez)
Former Black Panther leader Huey Newton is pictured at the courthouse in Oakland, Calif., March 23, 1979. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma)
In 1989, Black Panthers co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, California. (Gunman Tyrone Robinson was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.) Former Black Panther leader Huey Newton is pictured at the courthouse in Oakland, Calif., March 23, 1979. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma)
Ruby Ridge survivor Randy Weaver holds a photo of his wife Vicki, and 10-month-old daughter Elishiba as Ed Brown, back right, listens in Plainfield, N.H., Monday, June 18, 2007. Weaver's wife and child were killed in 1992 during a raid by federal agents. Ed and Elaine Brown have been convicted of tax evasion and have been holed up in their home refusing to pay back taxes. (AP Photo/Jim Cole)
In 1992, on the second day of the Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho, an FBI sharpshooter killed Vicki Weaver, the wife of white separatist Randy Weaver (the sharpshooter later said he was targeting the couple’s friend Kevin Harris, and didn’t see Vicki Weaver). Ruby Ridge survivor Randy Weaver holds a photo of his wife Vicki, and 10-month-old daughter Elishiba as Ed Brown, back right, listens in Plainfield, N.H., Monday, June 18, 2007. Weaver’s wife and child were killed in 1992 during a raid by federal agents. Ed and Elaine Brown have been convicted of tax evasion and have been holed up in their home refusing to pay back taxes. (AP Photo/Jim Cole) (AP/Jim Cole)
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New York Yankees' Bobby Murcer and Mel Stottlemyre, right, pose with their wives Jean Stottlemyre and Kay Murcer  at the wheel of the schooner America during cruise on Long Island Sound, July 6, 1970. The vessel is a replica of the original America, which captured the first Americas Cup in 1851. (AP Photo/Harry Harris)
A reminder of the years of occupation and annexation of Korea by Japan is the largest Shinto temple in Seoul, South Korea on Dec. 2, 1947, built by the Japanese about ten years ago. Named the Chosen temple, it is known popularly as the temple of a thousand steps. (AP Photo)
FILE- In this Thursday, March 28, 2013 file photo, people watch from inside BBC's New Broadcasting House, as BBC journalists and technical staff on strike, not seen, form a picket line outside the building in central London. The publicly funded BBC has published the names and salaries of its highest-earning actors and presenters, revealing that its best-paid star, radio host Chris Evans, earns more than 2.2 million pounds ($2.9 million) a year. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis, File)
This was the scene around the speaker's rostrum as GOP national committee chairman Leonard Hall called the Republican National Convention to order, Aug. 20, 1956, in San Francisco's Cow Palace.  (AP Photo)
Actor/director Clint Eastwood, right, gestures as he shares a moment with fellow directors Rob Reiner, left, and Neil Jordan, Saturday, March 6, 1993 in Los Angeles. All three are nominated for best direction in motion pictures by the Directors Guild. Eastwood for “Unforgiven”, Reiner for “A Few Good men”, and Jordan for “The Crying Game.” The DGA Award show will be held in New York and Los Angeles this evening. (AP Photo/Chris Martinez)
Former Black Panther leader Huey Newton is pictured at the courthouse in Oakland, Calif., March 23, 1979. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma)
Ruby Ridge survivor Randy Weaver holds a photo of his wife Vicki, and 10-month-old daughter Elishiba as Ed Brown, back right, listens in Plainfield, N.H., Monday, June 18, 2007. Weaver's wife and child were killed in 1992 during a raid by federal agents. Ed and Elaine Brown have been convicted of tax evasion and have been holed up in their home refusing to pay back taxes. (AP Photo/Jim Cole)

Today is Thursday, Aug. 22, the 234th day of 2019. There are 131 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On August 22, 1851, the schooner America outraced more than a dozen British vessels off the English coast to win a trophy that came to be known as the America’s Cup.

On this date:

In 1787, inventor John Fitch demonstrated his steamboat on the Delaware River to delegates from the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia.

In 1910, Japan annexed Korea, which remained under Japanese control until the end of World War II.

In 1932, the British Broadcasting Corp. conducted its first experimental television broadcast, using a 30-line mechanical system.

In 1956, President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Vice President Richard Nixon were nominated for second terms in office by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.

In 1972, President Richard Nixon was nominated for a second term of office by the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach.

In 1978, President Jomo Kenyatta, a leading figure in Kenya’s struggle for independence, died; Vice President Daniel arap Moi was sworn in as acting president.

In 1986, Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of the late Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit. The Rob Reiner coming-of-age film “Stand By Me” was put into wide release by Columbia Pictures.

In 1989, Black Panthers co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, California. (Gunman Tyrone Robinson was later sentenced to 32 years to life in prison.)

In 1992, on the second day of the Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho, an FBI sharpshooter killed Vicki Weaver, the wife of white separatist Randy Weaver (the sharpshooter later said he was targeting the couple’s friend Kevin Harris, and didn’t see Vicki Weaver).

In 1996, President Bill Clinton signed welfare legislation ending guaranteed cash payments to the poor and demanding work from recipients.

In 2003, Alabama’s chief justice, Roy Moore, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of his courthouse. Texas Gov. Rick Perry pardoned 35 people arrested in the 1999 Tulia drug busts and convicted on the testimony of a lone undercover agent. (The agent, Tom Coleman, was later found guilty of aggravated perjury and sentenced to 10 years’ probation.)

In 2004, as shocked spectators watched, armed thieves stole one of four versions of the Edvard Munch masterpiece “The Scream” and a second Munch painting, “Madonna,” from the Munch museum in Oslo, Norway. (The paintings, visibly damaged, were recovered in Aug. 2006; three men were convicted in connection with the theft and sentenced to prison.)

Ten years ago: Dozens of wildfires broke out across Greece, torching olive groves, cutting off villages and sending residents fleeing as one of the largest blazes swept perilously close to the capital’s northern suburbs.

Five years ago: Tensions between Russia and Ukraine escalated sharply as Moscow sent more than 130 trucks rolling across the border in what it said was a mission to deliver humanitarian aid. The United Nations reported the death toll from three years of Syria’s civil war had risen to more than 191,000 people. Gunmen attacked a Sunni mosque in Iraq during Friday prayers and killed at least 64 people.

One year ago: The bull market in U.S. stocks became the longest one on record; it had been 3,453 days since the S&P 500 index had seen a drop of 20 percent or more. Ohio State suspended football coach Urban Meyer for three games; investigators found that Meyer had protected an assistant coach for years through domestic violence allegations, a drug problem and poor job performance. President Donald Trump accused his former lawyer, Michael Cohen, of making up stories in order to get a deal from federal prosecutors. A Democratic Party official said an attempt to break into the party’s massive voter database had been thwarted.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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