Today in History: June 18

Copies of paintings depicting the battle of the American frigate Chesapeake and Britain’s Shannon during the War of 1812. The American commander, Capt. Lawrence, while dying, uttered the historic command “Don’t give up the Ship” in an undated photo.  (AP Photo)
In 1812, the War of 1812 began as the United States Congress approved, and President James Madison signed, a declaration of war against Britain. Copies of paintings depicting the battle of the American frigate Chesapeake and Britain’s Shannon during the War of 1812. The American commander, Capt. Lawrence, while dying, uttered the historic command “Don’t give up the Ship” in an undated photo. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
In 1815, British and Prussian troops defeated the French under Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo in Belgium. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
In 1815, British and Prussian troops defeated the French under Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo in Belgium. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Hulton Archive)
On June 18, 1940, with the World War II Battle of Britain looming, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill urged his countrymen to conduct themselves so that future generations would say, "this was their finest hour." (AP Photo)
In 1940, during the World War II, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill urged his countrymen to conduct themselves so that future generations would say, “This was their finest hour.” (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
FILE - In this Monday, June 18, 1979 file photo, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center left, smiles as he walks with Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, center, outside the U.S. embassy in Vienna, Austria for private talks before heading to the Imperial Hofburg Palace to sign the SALT II  nuclear treaty. On Wednesday, Aug. 12, 2015, Carter announced he has cancer and will undergo treatment at an Atlanta hospital. (AP Photo)
In 1979, President Jimmy Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna. FILE – In this Monday, June 18, 1979 file photo, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center left, smiles as he walks with Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, center, outside the U.S. embassy in Vienna, Austria for private talks before heading to the Imperial Hofburg Palace to sign the SALT II nuclear treaty. On Wednesday, Aug. 12, 2015, Carter announced he has cancer and will undergo treatment at an Atlanta hospital. (AP Photo) (AP)
On June 18, 1983, Astronaut Sally K. Ride became America's first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger. (AP Photo/NASA)
In 1983, Astronaut Sally K. Ride became America’s first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger. (AP Photo/NASA) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Richard Allen Davis, found guilty of the murder of Polly Klaas in San Jose on Tuesday, June 18, 1996, gestures toward the television camera after the verdict.  He is restrained by his lawyer defense counsel Barry Collins.  Behind is his other attorney Lorena Chandler. (AP Photo/John Burgess)
In 1996, Richard Allen Davis was convicted in San Jose, California, of the 1993 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma. (Davis remains on death row.) Richard Allen Davis, found guilty of the murder of Polly Klaas in San Jose on Tuesday, June 18, 1996, gestures toward the television camera after the verdict. He is restrained by his lawyer defense counsel Barry Collins. Behind is his other attorney Lorena Chandler. (AP Photo/John Burgess) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/JOHN BURGESS)
U.S. Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill, takes the stage to speak at the Ohio Democratic Party State Dinner in Columbus, Ohio, Saturday, June 3, 2006. (AP Photo/Will Shilling)
In 2014, President Barack Obama met with senior lawmakers in the Oval Office for over an hour to discuss options for responding to the crumbling security situation in Iraq; afterward, congressional leaders said the president believed he did not need authorization from Congress for some steps he might take to quell the al-Qaida-inspired insurgency. (AP Photo/Will Shilling) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/WILL SHILLING)
Donald Trump, Paul Selva
In 2018, President Donald Trump announced that he was directing the Pentagon to create the “Space Force” as an independent service branch. President Donald Trump hands a pen to Air Force Gen. Paul Selva after signing “Space Policy Directive 4” in the Oval Office of the White House, Tuesday, Feb. 19, 2019, in Washington. (AP Photo/ Evan Vucci) (AP/Evan Vucci)
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Copies of paintings depicting the battle of the American frigate Chesapeake and Britain’s Shannon during the War of 1812. The American commander, Capt. Lawrence, while dying, uttered the historic command “Don’t give up the Ship” in an undated photo.  (AP Photo)
In 1815, British and Prussian troops defeated the French under Napoleon Bonaparte at Waterloo in Belgium. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
On June 18, 1940, with the World War II Battle of Britain looming, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill urged his countrymen to conduct themselves so that future generations would say, "this was their finest hour." (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Monday, June 18, 1979 file photo, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center left, smiles as he walks with Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, center, outside the U.S. embassy in Vienna, Austria for private talks before heading to the Imperial Hofburg Palace to sign the SALT II  nuclear treaty. On Wednesday, Aug. 12, 2015, Carter announced he has cancer and will undergo treatment at an Atlanta hospital. (AP Photo)
On June 18, 1983, Astronaut Sally K. Ride became America's first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger. (AP Photo/NASA)
Richard Allen Davis, found guilty of the murder of Polly Klaas in San Jose on Tuesday, June 18, 1996, gestures toward the television camera after the verdict.  He is restrained by his lawyer defense counsel Barry Collins.  Behind is his other attorney Lorena Chandler. (AP Photo/John Burgess)
U.S. Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill, takes the stage to speak at the Ohio Democratic Party State Dinner in Columbus, Ohio, Saturday, June 3, 2006. (AP Photo/Will Shilling)
Donald Trump, Paul Selva

Today is Tuesday, June 18, the 169th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On June 18, 1979, President Jimmy Carter and Soviet President Leonid I. Brezhnev signed the SALT II strategic arms limitation treaty in Vienna.

On this date:

In 1778, American forces entered Philadelphia as the British withdrew during the Revolutionary War.

In 1812, the War of 1812 began as the United States Congress approved, and President James Madison signed, a declaration of war against Britain.

In 1815, Napoleon Bonaparte met defeat at Waterloo as British and Prussian troops defeated the French in Belgium.

In 1940, during World War II, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill urged his countrymen to conduct themselves in a manner that would prompt future generations to say, “This was their finest hour.” Charles de Gaulle delivered a speech on the BBC in which he rallied his countrymen after the fall of France to Nazi Germany.

In 1945, William Joyce, known as “Lord Haw-Haw,” was charged in London with high treason for his English-language wartime broadcasts on German radio. (He was hanged in January 1946.)

In 1948, Columbia Records publicly unveiled its new long-playing phonograph record in New York.

In 1953, a U.S. Air Force Douglas C-124 Globemaster II crashed near Tokyo, killing all 129 people on board. Egypt’s 148-year-old Muhammad Ali Dynasty came to an end with the overthrow of the monarchy and the proclamation of a republic.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson and Japanese Prime Minister Hayato Ikeda spoke to each other by telephone as they inaugurated the first trans-Pacific cable completed by AT&T between Japan and Hawaii.

In 1983, astronaut Sally K. Ride became America’s first woman in space as she and four colleagues blasted off aboard the space shuttle Challenger on a six-day mission.

In 1992, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Georgia v. McCollum, ruled that criminal defendants could not use race as a basis for excluding potential jurors from their trials.

In 1996, Richard Allen Davis was convicted in San Jose, California, of the 1993 kidnap-murder of 12-year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma. (Davis remains on death row.)

In 2004, an al-Qaida cell in Saudi Arabia beheaded American engineer Paul M. Johnson Jr., 49, posting grisly photographs of his severed head; hours later, Saudi security forces tracked down and killed the alleged mastermind of the kidnapping and murder.

Ten years ago: Tens of thousands of protesters filled the streets of Tehran again, joining opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi to mourn demonstrators killed in clashes over Iran’s disputed presidential election. Hortensia Bussi, the widow of Chilean President Salvador Allende who helped lead opposition to the military dictatorship that ousted her husband, died at 94. Washington Capitals forward Alex Ovechkin was named the NHL’s most valuable player for the second straight year after leading the league with 56 goals.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama met with senior lawmakers in the Oval Office for over an hour to discuss options for responding to the crumbling security situation in Iraq; afterward, congressional leaders said the president believed he did not need authorization from Congress for some steps he might take to quell the al-Qaida-inspired insurgency. The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office ruled that the Washington Redskins’ name was “disparaging of Native Americans” and should be stripped of trademark protection. Clayton Kershaw pitched his first no-hitter as the Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Colorado Rockies 8-0.

One year ago: President Donald Trump announced that he was directing the Pentagon to create the “Space Force” as an independent service branch. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton described as a `”moral and humanitarian crisis” the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” policy that had separated children from their parents at the southern U.S. border. Trump defended his administration’s border policies, saying the country “will not be a migrant camp” on his watch. The Supreme Court allowed electoral maps that were challenged as excessively partisan to remain in place for now, declining to rule on the bigger issue of whether to limit redistricting for political gain. Troubled rapper-singer XXXTentacion was shot and killed in Florida in what police called an apparent robbery attempt.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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