Today in History: May 25

FILE - In this July 30, 2015 file photo, visitors walk in view of Independence Hall in Philadelphia. The City of Brotherly Love will get a lot of attention later this summer during the Democratic National Convention, with attractions ranging from American history classics to new parks and outdoor venues. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File)

In 1787, the Constitutional Convention began at the Pennsylvania State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia after enough delegates had shown up for a quorum. In this 2015 file photo, visitors walk in view of Independence Hall. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File) (AP)

Babe Ruth (George Herman Ruth, 1895 - 1948) American professional baseball player for the Boston Red Sox, mid 1910s.  (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)

In 1935, Babe Ruth hit his last three career home runs — Nos. 712, 713 and 714 — for the Boston Braves in a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates. (The Pirates won, 11-7.) (AP Photo) (Getty Images/Topical Press Agency)

After taking oath of office, U.S. President John F. Kennedy delivers his inaugural address at Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 20, 1961. Kennedy said, "We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. (AP Photo)

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy told Congress: “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.” In this 1961 photo, Kennedy delivers his inaugural address at Capitol Hill. (AP Photo) (AP/Uncredited)

A fireman hoses down twisted remains of an American Airlines DC-10 which crashed and exploded on takeoff from O'Hare International Airport, killing 279 passengers, May 25, 1979.  (AP Photo/Fred Jewell)

In 1979, 273 people died when an American Airlines DC-10 crashed just after takeoff from Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. (AP Photo/Fred Jewell) (AP/Fred Jewell)

Jay Leno gestures during the opening monologue at the inauguration of "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" which was broadcast live on the east coast from NBC Studios in Burbank, Calif., May 25, 1992. The show features a new band with jazz musician Branford Marsalis as musical director. Leno's first guests were comedian Billy Crystal and singer Shanice. (AP Photo/Craig Fujii)

In 1992, Jay Leno made his debut as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show,” succeeding Johnny Carson. (AP Photo/Craig Fujii) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Craig Fujii)

A technician makes checks on NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla. Tuesday, June 26, 2007. The Phoenix spacecraft is scheduled for launch on a Delta II rocket Aug. 3. It will land in the arctic region of Mars. (AP Photo/Peter Cosgrove)
In 2008, NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on the Red Planet to begin searching for evidence of water; the spacecraft confirmed the presence of water ice at its landing site. A technician makes checks on NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla. Tuesday, June 26, 2007. The Phoenix spacecraft is scheduled for launch on a Delta II rocket Aug. 3. It will land in the arctic region of Mars. (AP Photo/Peter Cosgrove) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Peter Cosgrove)
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FILE - In this July 30, 2015 file photo, visitors walk in view of Independence Hall in Philadelphia. The City of Brotherly Love will get a lot of attention later this summer during the Democratic National Convention, with attractions ranging from American history classics to new parks and outdoor venues. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File)
Babe Ruth (George Herman Ruth, 1895 - 1948) American professional baseball player for the Boston Red Sox, mid 1910s.  (Photo by Topical Press Agency/Getty Images)
After taking oath of office, U.S. President John F. Kennedy delivers his inaugural address at Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., on Jan. 20, 1961. Kennedy said, "We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. (AP Photo)
A fireman hoses down twisted remains of an American Airlines DC-10 which crashed and exploded on takeoff from O'Hare International Airport, killing 279 passengers, May 25, 1979.  (AP Photo/Fred Jewell)
Jay Leno gestures during the opening monologue at the inauguration of "The Tonight Show with Jay Leno" which was broadcast live on the east coast from NBC Studios in Burbank, Calif., May 25, 1992. The show features a new band with jazz musician Branford Marsalis as musical director. Leno's first guests were comedian Billy Crystal and singer Shanice. (AP Photo/Craig Fujii)
A technician makes checks on NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander in the Payload Hazardous Servicing Facility at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Fla. Tuesday, June 26, 2007. The Phoenix spacecraft is scheduled for launch on a Delta II rocket Aug. 3. It will land in the arctic region of Mars. (AP Photo/Peter Cosgrove)

Today is Saturday, May 25, the 145th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 25, 1935, Babe Ruth hit his last three career home runs – Nos. 712, 713 and 714 – for the Boston Braves in a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates. (The Pirates won, 11-7.)

On this date:

In 1787, the Constitutional Convention began at the Pennsylvania State House (Independence Hall) in Philadelphia after enough delegates had shown up for a quorum.

In 1810, Argentina began its revolt against Spanish rule with the forming of the Primera Junta in Buenos Aires.

In 1895, playwright Oscar Wilde was convicted of a morals charge in London; he was sentenced to two years in prison.

In 1959, the U.S. Supreme Court, in State Athletic Commission v. Dorsey, struck down a Louisiana law prohibiting interracial boxing matches. (The case had been brought by Joseph Dorsey Jr., a black professional boxer.)

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy told Congress: “I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.”

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Griffin v. County School Board of Prince Edward County, ordered the Virginia county to reopen its public schools, which officials had closed in an attempt to circumvent the Supreme Court’s 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka desegregation ruling.

In 1965, Muhammad Ali knocked out Sonny Liston in the first round of their world heavyweight title rematch in Lewiston, Maine. (Ali’s victory generated controversy over whether he’d truly connected when he sent Liston crashing to the canvas with a right to the head, or whether it was a “phantom punch,” implying that the fight had been fixed.)

In 1979, 273 people died when an American Airlines DC-10 crashed just after takeoff from Chicago’s O’Hare Airport. Six-year-old Etan Patz (AY’-tahn payts) disappeared while on his way to a school bus stop in lower Manhattan. (In April 2017, former store clerk Pedro Hernandez, convicted of killing Etan, was sentenced to at least 25 years in prison.)

In 1986, an estimated 7 million Americans participated in “Hands Across America” to raise money for the nation’s hungry and homeless.

In 1992, Jay Leno made his debut as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show,” succeeding Johnny Carson.

In 2008, NASA’s Phoenix Mars Lander arrived on the Red Planet to begin searching for evidence of water; the spacecraft confirmed the presence of water ice at its landing site.

In 2017, surrounded by stone-faced allies, President Donald Trump rebuked fellow NATO members for failing to meet the military alliance’s financial benchmarks. Republican Greg Gianforte won a special election for Montana’s sole U.S. House seat a day after being charged with assaulting a reporter.

Ten years ago: North Korea claimed to have carried out a powerful underground nuclear test; President Barack Obama called on the world to “stand up to” Pyongyang and demand it honor a promise to abandon its nuclear ambitions. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, long a fierce critic of Beijing, toured China’s financial capital of Shanghai but stayed clear of human rights issues.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama slipped into Afghanistan for a surprise visit, making clear the U.S. would likely maintain a limited role there even after its combat mission ended later in the year. Pope Francis arrived in Bethlehem where, in a symbolic nod to Palestinians’ aspirations for their own state, he called the stalemate in peace talks “unacceptable” and stopped briefly to pray at the Israeli separation barrier surrounding the biblical West Bank town. Josh Beckett pitched the first no-hitter of his career and the first of the season, leading the Los Angeles Dodgers over the Philadelphia Phillies 6-0. Ryan Hunter-Reay became the first American to win the Indianapolis 500 since 2006, making a dramatic pass of Helio Castroneves on the final lap.

One year ago: Harvey Weinstein was charged in New York with rape and another sex felony in the first prosecution to result from the wave of allegations against him; the once-powerful movie producer turned himself in to face the charges and was released on $1 million bail after a court appearance. A student opened fire in a classroom at a suburban Indianapolis middle school; the student was tackled and disarmed by a teacher, Jason Seaman, who was shot three times as he ended the shooting, which also seriously wounded a 13-year-old girl. President Donald Trump signed a trio of executive orders to overhaul the federal bureaucracy by making it easier to fire federal workers for poor performance and misconduct. By a two-to-one margin, voters in Ireland chose to repeal a constitutional ban on abortion.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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