Today in History: May 15

Experts say the snowy owls have found food sources near to their shelter at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (WTOP/Kate Ryan)
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed an act establishing the Department of Agriculture. (WTOP/Kate Ryan)   (WTOP/Kate Ryan)
The new system of airmail pick-up and delivery is demonstrated at Hoover Field,  Washington, D.C.,  March 4, 1930. (AP Photo)
In 1918, U.S. airmail began service between Washington, D.C., Philadelphia and New York. The new system of airmail pick-up and delivery is demonstrated at Hoover Field, Washington, D.C., March 4, 1930. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
24th March 1934:  Paddy Naismith pilot and motor racer in uniform for her job as airhostess for the British Air Navigation Company.  (Photo by Fred Morley/Fox Photos/Getty Images)
In 1930, registered nurse Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport (a forerunner of United Airlines). (Photo by Fred Morley/Fox Photos/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Fred Morley)
The McDonald's Museum is a replica of the first corporate McDonald's restaurant, opened here April 15, 1955, after the franchise was acquired from founders Maurice and Richard McDonald.
In 1940, the original McDonald’s restaurant was opened in San Bernardino, California, by Richard and Maurice McDonald. (Getty Images) (Bettmann Archive/Bettmann)
US marines from USS Harold E. Holt storming aboard Mayaguez to recapture ship and rescue crewmen from Cambodian terrorists.  (Photo by Time Life Pictures/US Navy/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
In 1975, U.S. forces invaded the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and captured the American merchant ship Mayaguez, which had been seized by the Khmer Rouge. (All 39 crew members had already been released safely by Cambodia; some 40 U.S. servicemen were killed in connection with the operation.) (Photo by Time Life Pictures/US Navy/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) (The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images/Time Life Pictures)
This is a May 16, 1968, file photo of Charles City, Iowa, the day a tornado struck the area  Thirteen persons were killed and 370 were injured in the Charles City area in Iowa's deadliest tornado since 1950. (AP Photo/File)
In 1968, two days of tornado outbreaks began in 10 Midwestern and Southern states; twisters were blamed for 72 deaths, including 45 in Arkansas and 18 in Iowa. This is a May 16, 1968, file photo of Charles City, Iowa, the day a tornado struck the area Thirteen persons were killed and 370 were injured in the Charles City area in Iowa’s deadliest tornado since 1950. (AP Photo/File) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Alexander Sanchez of San Francisco, waves a rainbow colored flag to  a large crowd of supporters of same-sex marriage as they cheer in front of San Francisco City Hall on Saturday, Nov. 15, 2008.  Thousands of demonstrators gathered to listen to speakers and protest the passage of Proposition 8, a ballot measure amending California's constitution to ban same-sex marriage. The event is part of a simultaneous protest planned in hundreds of communities.  (AP Photo/Darryl Bush)
In 2008, California’s Supreme Court declared same-sex couples in the state could marry — a victory for the gay rights movement that was overturned the following November by the passage of Proposition 8, which was ultimately struck down by the courts. Alexander Sanchez of San Francisco, waves a rainbow colored flag to a large crowd of supporters of same-sex marriage as they cheer in front of San Francisco City Hall on Saturday, Nov. 15, 2008. AP Photo/Darryl Bush) (AP/DARRYL BUSH)
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Experts say the snowy owls have found food sources near to their shelter at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (WTOP/Kate Ryan)
The new system of airmail pick-up and delivery is demonstrated at Hoover Field,  Washington, D.C.,  March 4, 1930. (AP Photo)
24th March 1934:  Paddy Naismith pilot and motor racer in uniform for her job as airhostess for the British Air Navigation Company.  (Photo by Fred Morley/Fox Photos/Getty Images)
The McDonald's Museum is a replica of the first corporate McDonald's restaurant, opened here April 15, 1955, after the franchise was acquired from founders Maurice and Richard McDonald.
US marines from USS Harold E. Holt storming aboard Mayaguez to recapture ship and rescue crewmen from Cambodian terrorists.  (Photo by Time Life Pictures/US Navy/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images)
This is a May 16, 1968, file photo of Charles City, Iowa, the day a tornado struck the area  Thirteen persons were killed and 370 were injured in the Charles City area in Iowa's deadliest tornado since 1950. (AP Photo/File)
Alexander Sanchez of San Francisco, waves a rainbow colored flag to  a large crowd of supporters of same-sex marriage as they cheer in front of San Francisco City Hall on Saturday, Nov. 15, 2008.  Thousands of demonstrators gathered to listen to speakers and protest the passage of Proposition 8, a ballot measure amending California's constitution to ban same-sex marriage. The event is part of a simultaneous protest planned in hundreds of communities.  (AP Photo/Darryl Bush)

Today is Wednesday, May 15, the 135th day of 2019. There are 230 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 15, 1930, registered nurse Ellen Church, the first airline stewardess, went on duty aboard an Oakland-to-Chicago flight operated by Boeing Air Transport, a forerunner of United Airlines.

On this date:

In 1567, Mary, Queen of Scots, married her third husband, James Hepburn, the Earl of Bothwell, who had been implicated in (but acquitted of) the death of Mary’s second husband, Lord Darnley.

In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed an act establishing the Department of Agriculture.

In 1918, U.S. airmail began service between Washington, D.C., Philadelphia and New York.

In 1940, DuPont began selling its nylon stockings nationally. The original McDonald’s restaurant was opened in San Bernardino, California, by Richard and Maurice McDonald.

In 1942, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure creating the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, whose members came to be known as WACs. Wartime gasoline rationing went into effect in 17 Eastern states, limiting sales to three gallons a week for non-essential vehicles.

In 1948, hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.

In 1963, Weight Watchers was incorporated in New York.

In 1968, two days of tornado outbreaks began in 10 Midwestern and Southern states; twisters were blamed for 72 deaths, including 45 in Arkansas and 18 in Iowa.

In 1972, Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace was shot and left paralyzed while campaigning for president in Laurel, Maryland, by Arthur H. Bremer, who served 35 years for attempted murder.

In 1975, U.S. forces invaded the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and captured the American merchant ship Mayaguez, which had been seized by the Khmer Rouge. (All 39 crew members had already been released safely by Cambodia; some 40 U.S. servicemen were killed in connection with the operation.)

In 1988, the Soviet Union began the process of withdrawing its troops from Afghanistan, more than eight years after Soviet forces entered the country.

In 2008, California’s Supreme Court declared same-sex couples in the state could marry — a victory for the gay rights movement that was overturned the following November by the passage of Proposition 8, which was ultimately struck down by the courts.

Ten years ago: General Motors told about 1,100 dealers their franchises would be terminated. CIA Director Leon Panetta defended the agency against House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s charge that she was misled in 2002 about the use of waterboarding on detainees. Pope Benedict XVI ended his Mideast visit at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama dedicated the National Sept. 11 Memorial Museum deep beneath ground zero, calling it a symbol that says of America: “Nothing can ever break us.”

One year ago: Seattle Mariners second baseman Robinson Cano was suspended for 80 games for violating baseball’s drug agreement, becoming one of the most prominent players disciplined under the sport’s anti-doping rules.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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