Today in History: May 14

In 2017, Kara McCullough, a 25-year-old scientist working for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission and representing the District of Columbia, was crowned Miss USA at the pageant in Las Vegas. Miss District of Columbia USA Kara McCullough reacts after she was crowned the new Miss USA during the Miss USA contest Sunday, May 14, 2017, in Las Vegas. (AP Photo/John Locher)
This is an undated photo of a portrait of explorers Meriwether Lewis, left, and William Clark.  (AP Photo)
In 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory as well as the Pacific Northwest left camp near present-day Hartford, Illinois. (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
FILE - In this Sunday Nov. 15, 2015 file photo, French flags fly in front of the closed Eiffel Tower on the first of three days of national mourning in Paris. Paris’ main flag-maker has recorded a 500 percent increase in Tricolor sales since the Nov 13 attacks, claimed by the Islamic State group. Until now, flags were generally known to fly in numbers around Paris but on official buildings or random flag poles _ not on private residences. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong, File)
In 1900, the Olympic games opened in Paris as part of the 1900 World’s Fair. (AP)
FrankSinatra_Leonard_Rutgers.jpg
In 1998, singer-actor Frank Sinatra died at a Los Angeles hospital at age 82.
John Lennon, center, and Paul McCartney, left, member of the famed Beatles, announce in New York on May 14, 1968 that Beatles Ltd. is being reorganized for bigger things as Apple Corps. Ltd. (AP Photo)
In 1968, John Lennon and Paul McCartney held a news conference in New York to announce the creation of the Beatles’ latest business venture, Apple Corps. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
In 1961, Freedom Riders were attacked by violent mobs in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama. Members of an interracial group pose on May 4, 1961 in Washington with a map of a route they plan to take to test segregation in bus terminal restaurants and rest rooms in the South. From left are: Edward Blankenheim, Tucson, Ariz., James Farmer, New York City; Miss Genevieve Hughes, Chevy Chase, Md.; the Rev. B. Elton Cox, High Point, N.C., and Henry Thomas, St. Augustine, Fla. They are all members of the Congress of Racial Equality, the organization sponsoring the trip. (AP Photo/BHR) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/BHR)
This is an undated photo of British author Virginia Woolf.  (AP Photo)
In 1925, the Virginia Woolf novel “Mrs Dalloway” was first published in England and the United States. (AP) (AP)
In 1643, Louis XIV became King of France at age four upon the death of his father, Louis XIII. Louis XIV of France (1638 -1715) on engraving from 1886. King of France from 1643 to 1715. Engraved by J.Cook and published in London by Richard Bentley & Son in 1886.
In 1955, representatives from eight Communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland. (The Pact was dissolved in 1991.) Soviet leaders sit at a conference table in the Parliament building in Warsaw, Poland, May 14, 1955, to draft a treaty that will establish a unified military command to rival NATO. From left to right: Soviet Marshal Ivan Konev, supreme commander of the alliance; Vyacheslav M. Molotov, Soviet foreign minister; Premier Nikolai Bulganin; and defense minister Georgi Zhukov. Others are unidentified. (AP Photo) (AP)
Israeli youths wave national flags outside the Old City's Damascus Gate, in Jerusalem, Sunday, May 13, 2018. Israel is marking the 51st anniversary of its capture of east Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)
On May 14, 1948, according to the current-era calendar, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed in Tel Aviv by David Ben-Gurion, who became its first prime minister. Israeli youths wave national flags outside the Old City’s Damascus Gate, in Jerusalem, Sunday, May 13, 2018. Israel is marking the 51st anniversary of its capture of east Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit) (AP/Ariel Schalit)
Angelina Jolie arrives at the world premiere of "Maleficent" at the El Capitan Theatre on Wednesday, May 28, 2014, in Los Angeles.  (Photo by Matt Sayles/Invision/AP)
In 2013, Oscar-winning actress Angelina Jolie said she’d undergone a preventive double mastectomy after learning she carried a gene that made it extremely likely she would get breast cancer in an op-ed appearing in The New York Times,.  (Photo by Matt Sayles/Invision/AP) (Matt Sayles/Invision/AP/Matt Sayles)
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This is an undated photo of a portrait of explorers Meriwether Lewis, left, and William Clark.  (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Sunday Nov. 15, 2015 file photo, French flags fly in front of the closed Eiffel Tower on the first of three days of national mourning in Paris. Paris’ main flag-maker has recorded a 500 percent increase in Tricolor sales since the Nov 13 attacks, claimed by the Islamic State group. Until now, flags were generally known to fly in numbers around Paris but on official buildings or random flag poles _ not on private residences. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong, File)
FrankSinatra_Leonard_Rutgers.jpg
John Lennon, center, and Paul McCartney, left, member of the famed Beatles, announce in New York on May 14, 1968 that Beatles Ltd. is being reorganized for bigger things as Apple Corps. Ltd. (AP Photo)
This is an undated photo of British author Virginia Woolf.  (AP Photo)
Israeli youths wave national flags outside the Old City's Damascus Gate, in Jerusalem, Sunday, May 13, 2018. Israel is marking the 51st anniversary of its capture of east Jerusalem in the 1967 Middle East war. (AP Photo/Ariel Schalit)
Angelina Jolie arrives at the world premiere of "Maleficent" at the El Capitan Theatre on Wednesday, May 28, 2014, in Los Angeles.  (Photo by Matt Sayles/Invision/AP)

Today is Tuesday, May 14, the 134th day of 2019. There are 231 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 14, 1955, representatives from eight Communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, signed the Warsaw Pact in Poland. (The Pact was dissolved in 1991.)

On this date:

In 1643, Louis XIV became King of France at age 4 upon the death of his father, Louis XIII.

In 1796, English physician Edward Jenner inoculated 8-year-old James Phipps against smallpox by using cowpox matter.

In 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition to explore the Louisiana Territory as well as the Pacific Northwest left camp near present-day Hartford, Illinois.

In 1925, the Virginia Woolf novel “Mrs Dalloway” was first published in England and the United States.

In 1940, the Netherlands surrendered to invading German forces during World War II.

In 1948, according to the current-era calendar, the independent state of Israel was proclaimed in Tel Aviv by David Ben-Gurion, who became its first prime minister; U.S. President Harry S. Truman immediately recognized the new nation.

In 1961, Freedom Riders were attacked by violent mobs in Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama.

In 1968, John Lennon and Paul McCartney held a news conference in New York to announce the creation of the Beatles’ latest business venture, Apple Corps.

In 1973, the United States launched Skylab 1, its first manned space station. (Skylab 1 remained in orbit for six years before burning up during re-entry in 1979.) The National Right to Life Committee was incorporated.

In 2001, the Supreme Court ruled 8-0 that there is no exception in federal law for people to use marijuana for medical purposes.

In 2004, Britain’s Daily Mirror newspaper published a front-page apology after photographs supposedly showing British forces abusing Iraqi prisoners turned out to be fakes. The U.S. Supreme Court refused to step in and block gay marriages in Massachusetts.

In 2008, the Interior Department declared the polar bear a threatened species because of the loss of Arctic sea ice. Justine Henin (EH’-nen), 25, became the first woman to retire from tennis while atop the WTA rankings.

Ten years ago: House Speaker Nancy Pelosi accused the CIA of misleading her and other lawmakers about the waterboarding of detainees during the Bush administration, disputing Republican charges that she’d been complicit in its use. Chrysler announced plans to eliminate 789 dealerships as part of its restructuring. A pair of spacewalking astronauts installed a new piano-sized camera in the Hubble Space Telescope.

Five years ago: A wildfire erupted in the north San Diego suburb of Carlsbad, destroying eight houses, two businesses and an apartment complex. Canadian-born U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz officially renounced his birth country’s citizenship amid speculation he could make a run at the White House in 2016.

One year ago: Israel and the U.S. held a festive inauguration ceremony for the new American Embassy in Jerusalem; just a few miles away, Israeli forces shot and killed nearly 60 Palestinians and wounded hundreds of others during mass protests along the Gaza border that were the culmination of weekly demonstrations aimed at breaking a border blockade. The Supreme Court cleared the way for states coast to coast to legalize betting on sports. Writer Tom Wolfe, who chronicled the space race in “The Right Stuff” before turning his satiric wit to such novels as “The Bonfire of the Vanities,” died in New York at the age of 88.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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