Today in History: May 19

An undated portrait of British Army officer T.E. Lawrence, a k a "Lawrence of Arabia." (AP Photo)
In 1935, T.E. Lawrence, also known as “Lawrence of Arabia,” died in Dorset, England, six days after being injured in a motorcycle crash. This is an undated portrait of him. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Prime Minister Winston Churchill in the House of Representatives in Washington on May 19, 1943. Churchill pledged Congress that Britain would stick with the U.S. in a campaign to pulverize Japan, asserted “we shall make out enemies in Europe and in Asia burn and consume their strength on land, on sea and in the air.” (AP Photo)
In 1943, in his second wartime address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country’s full support in the fight against Japan. (AP Photo) (AP/Anonymous)
Marilyn Monroe
In 1962, actress Marilyn Monroe sang “Happy Birthday to You” to President John F. Kennedy during a Democratic fundraiser at New York’s Madison Square Garden. FILE – This April 1962 file photo shows actress Marilyn Monroe on the set of her last movie, “Something’s Got To Give,” in Los Angeles. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
The casket bearing the remains of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is carried out of St. Ignatius Loyola Roman Catholic Church in New York following a funeral mass  Monday, May 23, 1994. Following immediately behind the pallbearers are John F. Kennedy Jr., with an arm around his sister, Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg; Caroline’s husband, Edwin Schlossberg, is visible between them. Hillary Rodham Clinton, left; Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) and his wife, Victoria Reggie, center; and at right, third from bottom, Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)
In 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York at age 64. In this photo taken on May 23, 1994, the casket bearing the remains of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is carried out of St. Ignatius Loyola Roman Catholic Church in New York following a funeral mass. Following immediately behind the pallbearers are John F. Kennedy Jr., with an arm around his sister, Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg; Caroline’s husband, Edwin Schlossberg, is visible between them. Hillary Clinton, left; Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) and his wife, Victoria Reggie, center; and at right, third from bottom, Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Elise Amendola)
In 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York at age 64. FILE – This 1961 file photo shows Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy, wife of President John F. Kennedy. A special summer exhibit on Jackie Kennedy’s life on Cape Cod has opened at the John F. Kennedy Hyannis Museum. The exhibit includes photos, handwritten letters and other artifacts from her time on the Cape. The curator said the exhibit captures Kennedy enjoying carefree days with her family, a different glimpse of a woman who was an international sensation. (AP Photo/File) (AP)
Anthony Weiner
In 2017, former U.S. Rep. Anthony Weiner, D-N.Y., whose penchant for sexting strangers ended his political career, pleaded guilty in Manhattan to a sex charge, tearfully apologizing for communications with a 15-year-old girl. (Weiner received a 21-month prison sentence.) FILE – In this July 24, 2013, file photo, former Democratic U.S. Rep. Anthony Weiner leaves his apartment building in New York. Weiner is to be sentenced Monday, Sept. 25, 2017, for sending obscene material to a 15-year-old girl in 2016. (AP Photo/Richard Drew, File) (AP/Richard Drew)
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An undated portrait of British Army officer T.E. Lawrence, a k a "Lawrence of Arabia." (AP Photo)
Prime Minister Winston Churchill in the House of Representatives in Washington on May 19, 1943. Churchill pledged Congress that Britain would stick with the U.S. in a campaign to pulverize Japan, asserted “we shall make out enemies in Europe and in Asia burn and consume their strength on land, on sea and in the air.” (AP Photo)
Marilyn Monroe
The casket bearing the remains of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis is carried out of St. Ignatius Loyola Roman Catholic Church in New York following a funeral mass  Monday, May 23, 1994. Following immediately behind the pallbearers are John F. Kennedy Jr., with an arm around his sister, Caroline Kennedy Schlossberg; Caroline’s husband, Edwin Schlossberg, is visible between them. Hillary Rodham Clinton, left; Sen. Edward M. Kennedy (D-Mass.) and his wife, Victoria Reggie, center; and at right, third from bottom, Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola)
Anthony Weiner

Today is Sunday, May 19, the 139th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 19, 1649, England was declared a republic by Parliament following the execution of King Charles I. (The monarchy was restored in 1660.)

On this date:

In 1536, Anne Boleyn, the second wife of England’s King Henry VIII, was beheaded after being convicted of adultery.

In 1913, California Gov. Hiram Johnson signed the Webb-Hartley Law prohibiting “aliens ineligible to citizenship” from owning farm land, a measure targeting Asian immigrants, particularly Japanese.

In 1921, Congress passed, and President Warren G. Harding signed, the Emergency Quota Act, which established national quotas for immigrants.

In 1935, T.E. Lawrence, also known as “Lawrence of Arabia,” died in Dorset, England, six days after being injured in a motorcycle crash.

In 1943, in his second wartime address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledged his country’s full support in the fight against Japan; that evening, Churchill met with President Franklin D. Roosevelt at the White House, where the two leaders agreed on May 1, 1944 as the date for the D-Day invasion of France (the operation ended up being launched more than a month later).

In 1962, actress Marilyn Monroe sang “Happy Birthday to You” to President John F. Kennedy during a Democratic fundraiser at New York’s Madison Square Garden.

In 1981, five British soldiers were killed by an Irish Republican Army land mine in County Armagh, Northern Ireland.

In 1992, in a case that drew much notoriety, Mary Jo Buttafuoco of Massapequa, New York, was shot and seriously wounded by her husband Joey’s teenage lover, Amy Fisher.

In 1993, the Clinton White House set off a political storm by abruptly firing the entire staff of its travel office; five of the seven staffers were later reinstated and assigned to other duties.

In 1994, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis died in New York at age 64.

In 2006, A key U.N. panel joined European and United Nations leaders in urging the Bush administration to close its prison in Guantanamo Bay, saying the indefinite detention of terror suspects there violated the world’s ban on torture.

In 2017, former U.S. Rep. Anthony Weiner, D-N.Y., whose penchant for sexting strangers ended his political career, pleaded guilty in Manhattan to a sex charge, tearfully apologizing for communications with a 15-year-old girl. (Weiner received a 21-month prison sentence.)

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama asked consumers to back his plan for higher efficiency standards for cars and trucks, saying drivers would make up the higher cost of cleaner vehicles at the gas pump.

Five years ago: The U.S. charged five Chinese military officials with hacking into U.S. companies’ computers to steal vital trade secrets, intensifying already rising tensions. A federal judge threw out Oregon’s same-sex marriage ban that had been approved by voters. Lucy Li, at age 11, became the youngest player to qualify for the U.S. Women’s Open by winning the sectional qualifier at Half Moon Bay in California.

One year ago: Britain’s Prince Harry wed American actress Meghan Markle in a service that reflected Harry’s royal heritage and his bride’s biracial roots, as well as their shared commitment to put a more diverse, modern face on the monarchy. Justify won the Preakness in foggy Baltimore, on the way to a Triple Crown sweep. Starbucks announced a new policy allowing anyone to sit in its cafes or use its restrooms, even if they don’t buy anything; the policy came five weeks after two black men who hadn’t bought anything were arrested at a Philadelphia Starbucks. First lady Melania Trump returned to the white House following a weeklong hospitalization for kidney treatment.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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