Today in History: April 24

Library of Congress

In 1800, Congress approved a bill establishing the Library of Congress. In this 2013 file photo, the Library of Congress is seen in Washington. (AP Photo/Susan Walsh) (AP/Susan Walsh)

FILE - This 1915 file photo, shows Armenian victims of the massacres in Turkey. The Nazi genocide of European Jews is widely commemorated in Israel and etched deeply into the psyche of a country founded in its aftermath. But when it comes to the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks during World War I, which historians have called the "first genocide of the 20th century," Israel has largely stayed silent. Fearing repercussions from its former ally Turkey and wary of breaking ranks with American policy, Israel has refrained from calling the mass killings a genocide. (AP Photo, File)

In 1915, what’s considered the start of the Armenian genocide began as the Ottoman Empire rounded up Armenian political and cultural leaders in Constantinople. This 1915 file photo shows Armenian victims of the massacres in Turkey. (AP Photo, File) (AP)

Children wait to place an Easter Lily, a symbol of the 1916 Easter Rising, at Arbour Hill cemetery in Dublin, Ireland, during the annual Fianna Fail 1916 Easter Rising commemoration, Sunday April 22, 2018. (Brian Lawless/PA via AP)
In 1916, some 1,600 Irish nationalists launched the Easter Rising by seizing several key sites in Dublin. (The rising was put down by British forces five days later.) Children wait to place an Easter Lily, a symbol of the 1916 Easter Rising, at Arbour Hill cemetery in Dublin, Ireland, during the annual Fianna Fail 1916 Easter Rising commemoration, Sunday April 22, 2018. (Brian Lawless/PA via AP) (AP/Brian Lawless)
The burned out wreckage of a U.S. aircraft lies in the desert some 300 miles south of Tehran after the abortive commando-style raid into Iran, April 1980, aimed at freeing the American hostages being held in Tehran.  The rescue mission fell apart when several helicopters failed and a helicopter and C141 transport plane collided.  At least 8 U.S. servicemen died in the mission.  (AP Photo)

In 1980, the United States launched an unsuccessful attempt to free the American hostages in Iran, a mission that resulted in the deaths of eight U.S. servicemen. The burned out wreckage of a U.S. aircraft lies in the desert some 300 miles south of Tehran after the abortive commando-style raid into Iran. (AP Photo) (AP)

The Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifts off from Launch Pad 398 in Kennedy Space Center at morning on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission, STS-31, had been originally scheduled for launch on April 10th but was scrubbed because of a faulty APU. NASA officials and scientist around the world are looking forward to the first glimpse into space by the telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle)

In 1990, the space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Paul Kizzle)

FILE - In this April 4, 1996 file photo, Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, is flanked by federal agents as he is led to a car from the federal courthouse in Helena, Mont. Twenty years after the arrest of Kaczynski, some Lincoln residents remember him as an odd recluse who ate rabbits and lived without electricity, while others say he had a funny, personable side. Kaczynski is serving a life sentence in a federal prison in Florence, Colorado, for a series of bombings, most through the mail, that killed three people and injured 23 others over 17 years. (AP Photo/John Youngbear, File)
In 1995, the final bomb linked to the Unabomber exploded inside the Sacramento, California, offices of a lobbying group for the wood products industry, killing chief lobbyist Gilbert B. Murray. (Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured 29 others.) In this April 4, 1996 file photo, Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, is flanked by federal agents as he is led to a car from the federal courthouse in Helena, Mont. (AP Photo/John Youngbear, File) (AP/John Youngbear)
FILE - In this April 25, 2013, file photo, Bangladeshi people gather as rescuers look for survivors and victims at the site of a building that collapsed a day earlier, in Savar, near Dhaka, Bangladesh. The bloody weekend attack by Bangladeshi militants that left more than two dozen dead has also dealt a deadly blow to the country's vital garment industry. Clothing manufacturing, the Southeast Asian nation's top export industry, had been recovering after a disastrous factory collapse three years ago shook up the industry, forcing workshops producing for foreign brands to improve working conditions. (AP Photo, File)
In 2013, a shoddily constructed eight-story commercial building housing garment factories collapsed, killing more than 1,100 people in Bangladesh. FILE – In this April 25, 2013, file photo, Bangladeshi people gather as rescuers look for survivors and victims at the site of a building that collapsed a day earlier, in Savar, near Dhaka, Bangladesh. The bloody weekend attack by Bangladeshi militants that left more than two dozen dead has also dealt a deadly blow to the country’s vital garment industry. Clothing manufacturing, the Southeast Asian nation’s top export industry, had been recovering after a disastrous factory collapse three years ago shook up the industry, forcing workshops producing for foreign brands to improve working conditions. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
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Library of Congress
FILE - This 1915 file photo, shows Armenian victims of the massacres in Turkey. The Nazi genocide of European Jews is widely commemorated in Israel and etched deeply into the psyche of a country founded in its aftermath. But when it comes to the mass killing of Armenians by Ottoman Turks during World War I, which historians have called the "first genocide of the 20th century," Israel has largely stayed silent. Fearing repercussions from its former ally Turkey and wary of breaking ranks with American policy, Israel has refrained from calling the mass killings a genocide. (AP Photo, File)
Children wait to place an Easter Lily, a symbol of the 1916 Easter Rising, at Arbour Hill cemetery in Dublin, Ireland, during the annual Fianna Fail 1916 Easter Rising commemoration, Sunday April 22, 2018. (Brian Lawless/PA via AP)
The burned out wreckage of a U.S. aircraft lies in the desert some 300 miles south of Tehran after the abortive commando-style raid into Iran, April 1980, aimed at freeing the American hostages being held in Tehran.  The rescue mission fell apart when several helicopters failed and a helicopter and C141 transport plane collided.  At least 8 U.S. servicemen died in the mission.  (AP Photo)
The Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifts off from Launch Pad 398 in Kennedy Space Center at morning on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission, STS-31, had been originally scheduled for launch on April 10th but was scrubbed because of a faulty APU. NASA officials and scientist around the world are looking forward to the first glimpse into space by the telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle)
FILE - In this April 4, 1996 file photo, Ted Kaczynski, better known as the Unabomber, is flanked by federal agents as he is led to a car from the federal courthouse in Helena, Mont. Twenty years after the arrest of Kaczynski, some Lincoln residents remember him as an odd recluse who ate rabbits and lived without electricity, while others say he had a funny, personable side. Kaczynski is serving a life sentence in a federal prison in Florence, Colorado, for a series of bombings, most through the mail, that killed three people and injured 23 others over 17 years. (AP Photo/John Youngbear, File)
FILE - In this April 25, 2013, file photo, Bangladeshi people gather as rescuers look for survivors and victims at the site of a building that collapsed a day earlier, in Savar, near Dhaka, Bangladesh. The bloody weekend attack by Bangladeshi militants that left more than two dozen dead has also dealt a deadly blow to the country's vital garment industry. Clothing manufacturing, the Southeast Asian nation's top export industry, had been recovering after a disastrous factory collapse three years ago shook up the industry, forcing workshops producing for foreign brands to improve working conditions. (AP Photo, File)

Today is Wednesday, April 24, the 114th day of 2019. There are 251 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 24, 1980, the United States launched an unsuccessful attempt to free the American hostages in Iran, a mission that resulted in the deaths of eight U.S. servicemen.

On this date:

In 1800, Congress approved a bill establishing the Library of Congress.

In 1877, federal troops were ordered out of New Orleans, ending the North’s post-Civil War rule in the South.

In 1915, in what’s considered the start of the Armenian genocide, the Ottoman Empire began rounding up Armenian political and cultural leaders in Constantinople.

In 1916, some 1,600 Irish nationalists launched the Easter Rising by seizing several key sites in Dublin. (The rising was put down by British forces five days later.)

In 1932, in the Free State of Prussia, the Nazi Party gained a plurality of seats in parliamentary elections.

In 1967, Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov was killed when his Soyuz 1 spacecraft smashed into the Earth after his parachutes failed to deploy properly during re-entry; he was the first human spaceflight fatality.

In 1970, the People’s Republic of China launched its first satellite, which kept transmitting a song, “The East Is Red.”

In 1990, the space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, carrying the $1.5 billion Hubble Space Telescope.

In 1995, the final bomb linked to the Unabomber exploded inside the Sacramento, California, offices of a lobbying group for the wood products industry, killing chief lobbyist Gilbert B. Murray. (Theodore Kaczynski was later sentenced to four lifetimes in prison for a series of bombings that killed three men and injured 29 others.)

In 2003, U.S. forces in Iraq took custody of Tariq Aziz (TAH’-rihk ah-ZEEZ’), the former Iraqi deputy prime minister. China shut down a Beijing hospital as the global death toll from SARS surpassed 260.

In 2005, Pope Benedict XVI formally began his stewardship of the Roman Catholic Church; the former Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger said in his installation homily that as pontiff he would listen to the will of God in governing the world’s 1.1 billion Catholics.

In 2013, in Bangladesh, a shoddily constructed eight-story commercial building housing garment factories collapsed, killing more than 1,100 people.

Ten years ago: Mexico shut down schools, museums, libraries and state-run theaters across its overcrowded capital in hopes of containing a deadly swine flu outbreak. Back-to-back suicide bombers struck near a Shiite shrine in Baghdad, killing 71.

Five years ago: An Afghan government security guard opened fire on foreign doctors at a Kabul hospital, killing three Americans in the latest of a deadly string of attacks on Western civilians in the capital. The tiny Pacific nation of the Marshall Islands took on the United States and the world’s eight other nuclear-armed nations with an unprecedented lawsuit demanding they meet their obligations toward disarmament and accusing them of “flagrant violations” of international law.

One year ago: Former police officer Joseph DeAngelo was arrested at his home near Sacramento, California, after DNA linked him to crimes attributed to the so-called Golden State Killer; authorities believed he committed 13 murders and more than 50 rapes in the 1970s and 1980s. (DeAngelo is awaiting trial.)

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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