Today in History: April 21

Author Samuel Clemens, known as Mark Twain, is shown with his wife, Olivia, and daughter, Clara at their suburban London home in 1900.  (AP Photo)

In 1910, author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, died in Redding, Connecticut, at age 74. In this 1900 photo, Clemens is shown with his wife, Olivia, and daughter, Clara at their suburban London home. (AP Photo) (AP)

The charred ruins of the cell block in the Ohio State Penitentiary  in Columbus, Ohio are shown on April 22, 1930. Over 300 inmates were killed in the fire. (AP Photo)

In 1930, fire broke out inside the overcrowded Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus, killing 332 inmates. This photo shows the charred ruins of the cell block in the Ohio State Penitentiary. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)

Costumed interpreter Richard Evans, as Britain's King Henry VIII, poses for photographs beside a close copy of a portrait painted during Henry's reign by the German artist Hans Holbein, at Hampton Court Palace, on the outskirts of London, Thursday, April 9, 2009.  The original painting did not survive, with this copy painting being made around 1540 by an artist in the circle of Hans Holbein.  During 2009, King Henry VIII's most famous royal residence plays host to 'Henry VIII: heads and hearts' a year-long programme of events and celebratory activities to mark the Tudor monarch's accession to the throne.  (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In 1509, England’s King Henry VII died; he was succeeded by his 17-year-old son, Henry VIII. Costumed interpreter Richard Evans, as Britain’s King Henry VIII, poses for photographs beside a close copy of a portrait painted during Henry’s reign by the German artist Hans Holbein, at Hampton Court Palace, on the outskirts of London, Thursday, April 9, 2009. The original painting did not survive, with this copy painting being made around 1540 by an artist in the circle of Hans Holbein. During 2009, King Henry VIII’s most famous royal residence plays host to ‘Henry VIII: heads and hearts’ a year-long programme of events and celebratory activities to mark the Tudor monarch’s accession to the throne. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/MATT DUNHAM)
In this Jan. 29, 2018 photo, a painting of the late Prince is shown on a Minneapolis building. Fans remember Prince for his electrifying halftime performance at the Super Bowl in 2007. The “Purple Rain” singer died in 2016, so his followers can only imagine how he might have topped that at this year’s game in his hometown of Minneapolis. But music producer Jimmy Jam says Prince is “here in spirit,” with sights and sounds all over town in the leadup to the game. (AP Photo/Jeff Baenen)
In 2016, Prince, one of the most inventive and influential musicians of modern times, was found dead at his home in suburban Minneapolis; he was 57. In this Jan. 29, 2018 photo, a painting of the late Prince is shown on a Minneapolis building. Fans remember Prince for his electrifying halftime performance at the Super Bowl in 2007. The “Purple Rain” singer died in 2016, so his followers can only imagine how he might have topped that at this year’s game in his hometown of Minneapolis. But music producer Jimmy Jam says Prince is “here in spirit,” with sights and sounds all over town in the leadup to the game. (AP Photo/Jeff Baenen) (AP/Jeff Baenen)
Aerial drone view Austin Texas Perfect Texas flag flying in front of Austin Texas downtown skyline cityscape sunny perfect day
In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring Texas independence. (Thinkstock)
FILE - In this Dec. 5, 2018, file photo, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II visits the children's charity, Coram, in London. As a constitutional monarch she and her family are prohibited from getting actively involved in politics. But the queen does play a ceremonial role in political rituals, such as opening Parliament by reading a speech and a government agenda she plays no role in preparing. (Toby Melville /Pool Photo via AP, File)
In 1926, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II was born in Mayfair, London; she was the first child of The Duke and Duchess of York, who later became King George VI and the Queen Mother. FILE – In this Dec. 5, 2018, file photo, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II visits the children’s charity, Coram, in London. As a constitutional monarch she and her family are prohibited from getting actively involved in politics. But the queen does play a ceremonial role in political rituals, such as opening Parliament by reading a speech and a government agenda she plays no role in preparing. (Toby Melville /Pool Photo via AP, File) (AP/Toby Melville)
FILE - Undated portrait shows Manfred von Richthofen, the most successful German fighter pilot during WW I with 80 downed planes. Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the Red Baron, was killed in aerial combat on April 21, 1918. A Polish historian says he made a surprising find when poring through World War I archives the death certificate of Manfred von Richthofen.  Maciej Kowalczyk said Monday Dec. 7, 2009, that he found the file last month while going through old German archives in the western Polish city of Ostrow Wielkopolski. (AP Photo, File)
In 1918, Manfred von Richthofen, 25, the German ace known as the “Red Baron” who was believed to have downed 80 enemy aircraft during World War I, was himself shot down and killed while in action over France. FILE – Undated portrait shows Manfred von Richthofen, the most successful German fighter pilot during WW I with 80 downed planes. Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the Red Baron, was killed in aerial combat on April 21, 1918. A Polish historian says he made a surprising find when poring through World War I archives the death certificate of Manfred von Richthofen. Maciej Kowalczyk said Monday Dec. 7, 2009, that he found the file last month while going through old German archives in the western Polish city of Ostrow Wielkopolski. (AP Photo, File) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
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Author Samuel Clemens, known as Mark Twain, is shown with his wife, Olivia, and daughter, Clara at their suburban London home in 1900.  (AP Photo)
The charred ruins of the cell block in the Ohio State Penitentiary  in Columbus, Ohio are shown on April 22, 1930. Over 300 inmates were killed in the fire. (AP Photo)
Costumed interpreter Richard Evans, as Britain's King Henry VIII, poses for photographs beside a close copy of a portrait painted during Henry's reign by the German artist Hans Holbein, at Hampton Court Palace, on the outskirts of London, Thursday, April 9, 2009.  The original painting did not survive, with this copy painting being made around 1540 by an artist in the circle of Hans Holbein.  During 2009, King Henry VIII's most famous royal residence plays host to 'Henry VIII: heads and hearts' a year-long programme of events and celebratory activities to mark the Tudor monarch's accession to the throne.  (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
In this Jan. 29, 2018 photo, a painting of the late Prince is shown on a Minneapolis building. Fans remember Prince for his electrifying halftime performance at the Super Bowl in 2007. The “Purple Rain” singer died in 2016, so his followers can only imagine how he might have topped that at this year’s game in his hometown of Minneapolis. But music producer Jimmy Jam says Prince is “here in spirit,” with sights and sounds all over town in the leadup to the game. (AP Photo/Jeff Baenen)
Aerial drone view Austin Texas Perfect Texas flag flying in front of Austin Texas downtown skyline cityscape sunny perfect day
FILE - In this Dec. 5, 2018, file photo, Britain's Queen Elizabeth II visits the children's charity, Coram, in London. As a constitutional monarch she and her family are prohibited from getting actively involved in politics. But the queen does play a ceremonial role in political rituals, such as opening Parliament by reading a speech and a government agenda she plays no role in preparing. (Toby Melville /Pool Photo via AP, File)
FILE - Undated portrait shows Manfred von Richthofen, the most successful German fighter pilot during WW I with 80 downed planes. Manfred von Richthofen, also known as the Red Baron, was killed in aerial combat on April 21, 1918. A Polish historian says he made a surprising find when poring through World War I archives the death certificate of Manfred von Richthofen.  Maciej Kowalczyk said Monday Dec. 7, 2009, that he found the file last month while going through old German archives in the western Polish city of Ostrow Wielkopolski. (AP Photo, File)

Today is Sunday, April 21, the 111th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 21, 1789, John Adams was sworn in as the first vice president of the United States.

On this date:

In 1509, England’s King Henry VII died; he was succeeded by his 17-year-old son, Henry VIII.

In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, assuring Texas independence.

In 1910, author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, died in Redding, Connecticut, at age 74.

In 1918, Manfred von Richthofen, 25, the German ace known as the “Red Baron” who was believed to have downed 80 enemy aircraft during World War I, was himself shot down and killed while in action over France.

In 1926, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II was born in Mayfair, London; she was the first child of The Duke and Duchess of York, who later became King George VI and the Queen Mother.

In 1930, fire broke out inside the overcrowded Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus, killing 332 inmates.

In 1942, the first edition of “The Stranger” (L’Etranger), Albert Camus’ (al-BEHR’ kah-MOOZ’) highly influential absurdist novel, was published in Nazi-occupied Paris by Gallimard.

In 1975, with Communist forces closing in, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after nearly 10 years in office and fled the country.

In 1976, clinical trials of the swine flu vaccine began in Washington, D.C.

In 1977, the musical play “Annie,” based on the “Little Orphan Annie” comic strip, opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,377 performances.

In 1998, astronomers announced in Washington that they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light-years away, the clearest evidence to date of worlds forming beyond our solar system.

In 2016, Prince, one of the most inventive and influential musicians of modern times, was found dead at his home in suburban Minneapolis; he was 57.

Ten years ago: Calling on Americans to volunteer, President Barack Obama signed a $5.7 billion national service bill tripling the size of the AmeriCorps service program. The sole survivor of a pirate attack on an American cargo ship off the Somali coast was charged as an adult with piracy in federal court in New York. (A prosecutor said Abdiwali Abdiqadir Muse (AHB’-dih-wah-lee AHB’-dih-kah-dir moo-SAY’) had given wildly varying ages for himself before finally admitting he was 18. Muse later pleaded guilty to hijacking, kidnapping and hostage-taking and was sentenced to more than 33 years in prison.)

Five years ago: More than 30,000 people defiantly ran the Boston Marathon a year after the deadly terrorist bombings; American Meb Keflezighi (keh-FLEZ’-gee) won the men’s race in 2:08:37 while Kenya’s Rita Jeptoo successfully defended her title, finishing in a course-record 2:18:57. Win Tin, 85, a prominent journalist who became Myanmar’s longest-serving political prisoner after challenging military rule, died in Yangon.

One year ago: North Korea announced that it would suspend nuclear tests and intercontinental ballistic missile launches ahead of its summits with South Korea and the United States. Barbara Bush was remembered as the “first lady of the Greatest Generation” during a funeral in Houston attended by four former U.S. presidents and hundreds of others. Actor Verne Troyer, best known for his role as “Mini-Me” in the “Austin Powers” movies, died in Los Angeles at the age of 49; a coroner later ruled that the death was suicide by alcohol intoxication.

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