Today in History: April 25

(Thinkstock)
In 1507, a world map produced by German cartographer Martin Waldseemueller contained the first recorded use of the term “America,” in honor of Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci. (Thinkstock) (Getty Images/iStockphoto/BrianAJackson)
Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands died in the nightmare battle of World War I. (AP Photo)

In 1915, during World War I, Allied soldiers invaded the Gallipoli Peninsula in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Ottoman Empire out of the war. Here, Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. (AP Photo) (AP)

FILE - In this April 26, 1945, file photo, U.S. and Russian troops meet on the wrecked bridge over the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany. The Americans, left, and Russian soldiers are shown as they reach out to grasp each other's hands. The picture is part of an exhibition in Berlin marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. (AP Photo)
In 1945, during World War II, U.S. and Soviet forces linked up on the Elbe (EL’-beh) River, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany’s defenses. In this file photo, U.S. and Russian troops meet on the wrecked bridge over the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany. The Americans, left, and Russian soldiers are shown as they reach out to grasp each other’s hands. (AP Photo) (AP)
FILE-A Danish artist Henrik Bruun, who recently died, has claimed he was the one who decaptitated Copenhagens famed landmark, the Little Mermaid, in 1964, a news report said Tuesday October 28, 1997. In the years that followed the beheading which caught world attention, some 200 people have confessed to the crime, including a group of Cadian soldiers. Suspects were questioned by the homicide squad. But neither the attackers nor the head of the bronze statue created in tribute to Danish storyteller HansChristian Andersen, were ever found. A new head was cast from the original mold.  (AP Photo/Bjarne Luethke)

In 1964, vandals sawed off the head of the “Little Mermaid” statue in Copenhagen, Denmark. (AP Photo/Bjarne Luethke) (Associated Press/BJARNE LUETHCKE)

On August 25, 1985, Samantha Smith, 13, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri V. Andropov resulted in her famous peace tour of the Soviet Union, died with her father, Arthur, and six other people in a commuter plane crash in Auburn, Maine. Here, Smith holds the letter she received from Andropov on April 26, 1983. (AP Photo/Patricia Wellenbach)

In 1983, 10-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, received a reply from Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov to a letter she’d written expressing concern about possible nuclear war; Andropov reassured Samantha that the Soviet Union did not want war, and he invited her to visit his country, a trip Samantha made in July. (AP Photo/Patricia Wellenbach) (AP/Patricia Wellenbach)

The Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifts off from Launch Pad 398 in Kennedy Space Center at morning on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission, STS-31, had been originally scheduled for launch on April 10th but was scrubbed because of a faulty APU. NASA officials and scientist around the world are looking forward to the first glimpse into space by the telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle)

In 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was deployed in orbit from the space shuttle Discovery. (It was discovered that the telescope’s primary mirror was flawed, requiring the installation of corrective components to achieve optimal focus.)

This photo shows the Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifting off from the Kennedy Space Center carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Paul Kizzle)

FILE - In this April 25, 1993, file photo, this view from atop the Washington Monument shows people gathered for the National March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Washington. (AP Photo/Mark Wilson, File)
In 1993, hundreds of thousands of gay rights activists and their supporters marched in Washington, D.C., demanding equal rights and freedom from discrimination. FILE – In this April 25, 1993, file photo, this view from atop the Washington Monument shows people gathered for the National March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Washington. (AP Photo/Mark Wilson, File) (AP/Mark Wilson)
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(Thinkstock)
Australian troops arrive in Alexandria, Egypt, en route to the battlefield on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. Thousands died in the nightmare battle of World War I. (AP Photo)
FILE - In this April 26, 1945, file photo, U.S. and Russian troops meet on the wrecked bridge over the Elbe River at Torgau, Germany. The Americans, left, and Russian soldiers are shown as they reach out to grasp each other's hands. The picture is part of an exhibition in Berlin marking the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II. (AP Photo)
FILE-A Danish artist Henrik Bruun, who recently died, has claimed he was the one who decaptitated Copenhagens famed landmark, the Little Mermaid, in 1964, a news report said Tuesday October 28, 1997. In the years that followed the beheading which caught world attention, some 200 people have confessed to the crime, including a group of Cadian soldiers. Suspects were questioned by the homicide squad. But neither the attackers nor the head of the bronze statue created in tribute to Danish storyteller HansChristian Andersen, were ever found. A new head was cast from the original mold.  (AP Photo/Bjarne Luethke)
On August 25, 1985, Samantha Smith, 13, the schoolgirl whose letter to Yuri V. Andropov resulted in her famous peace tour of the Soviet Union, died with her father, Arthur, and six other people in a commuter plane crash in Auburn, Maine. Here, Smith holds the letter she received from Andropov on April 26, 1983. (AP Photo/Patricia Wellenbach)
The Space Shuttle orbiter Discovery lifts off from Launch Pad 398 in Kennedy Space Center at morning on Tuesday, April 24, 1990, carrying a crew of five and the Hubble Space Telescope. The mission, STS-31, had been originally scheduled for launch on April 10th but was scrubbed because of a faulty APU. NASA officials and scientist around the world are looking forward to the first glimpse into space by the telescope. (AP Photo/Paul Kizzle)
FILE - In this April 25, 1993, file photo, this view from atop the Washington Monument shows people gathered for the National March on Washington for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Washington. (AP Photo/Mark Wilson, File)

Today is Thursday, April 25, the 115th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On April 25, 1507, a world map produced by German cartographer Martin Waldseemueller contained the first recorded use of the term “America,” in honor of Italian navigator Amerigo Vespucci (vehs-POO’-chee).

On this date:

In 1859, ground was broken for the Suez Canal.

In 1898, the United States Congress declared war on Spain; the 10-week conflict resulted in an American victory.

In 1915, during World War I, Allied soldiers invaded the Gallipoli (guh-LIHP’-uh-lee) Peninsula in an unsuccessful attempt to take the Ottoman Empire out of the war.

In 1945, during World War II, U.S. and Soviet forces linked up on the Elbe (EL’-beh) River, a meeting that dramatized the collapse of Nazi Germany’s defenses. Delegates from some 50 countries gathered in San Francisco to organize the United Nations.

In 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway opened to shipping.

In 1964, vandals sawed off the head of the “Little Mermaid” statue in Copenhagen, Denmark.

In 1972, Polaroid Corp. introduced its SX-70 folding camera, which ejected self-developing photographs.

In 1983, 10-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, received a reply from Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov to a letter she’d written expressing her concerns about nuclear war; Andropov gave assurances that the Soviet Union did not want war, and invited Samantha to visit his country, a trip she made in July.

In 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope was deployed in orbit from the space shuttle Discovery. (It was later discovered that the telescope’s primary mirror was flawed, requiring the installation of corrective components to achieve optimal focus.)

In 1993, hundreds of thousands of gay rights activists and their supporters marched in Washington, D.C., demanding equal rights and freedom from discrimination.

In 1995, show business legend Ginger Rogers died in Rancho Mirage, California, at age 83.

In 2002, Lisa “Left Eye” Lopes of the Grammy-winning trio TLC died in an SUV crash in Honduras; she was 30.

Ten years ago: In her first trip to Iraq as America’s top diplomat, Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton tried to reassure nervous Iraqis that the U.S. wouldn’t abandon them, even as she said the American troop withdrawal would stay on schedule. Finance ministers meeting in Washington said they saw signs the global economy was stabilizing but cautioned it would take until the middle of the next year for the world to emerge from the worst recession in decades. Actress Beatrice Arthur died in Los Angeles at age 86.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama, in a joint news conference in Seoul alongside South Korean President Park Geun-hye (goon-hay), said the U.S. stood “shoulder to shoulder” with its ally in refusing to accept a nuclearized North Korea. The United States and other nations in the Group of Seven said they’d agreed to “move swiftly” to impose additional economic sanctions on Russia in response to its actions in Ukraine.

One year ago: Ford Motor Co. said it would get rid of most of its North American car lineup as part of a broad plan to save money and make the company more competitive; the Mustang sports car and a compact Focus crossover vehicle would be the only cars sold in the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Danish engineer Peter Madsen was convicted of murder for luring a Swedish journalist onto his homemade submarine before torturing and killing her; Madsen was later sentenced to life in prison.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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