Today in History: March 23

This is an undated photo of a portrait of explorers Meriwether Lewis, left, and William Clark.  (AP Photo)
In 1806, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, began their journey back east. This is an undated photo of a portrait of explorers Meriwether Lewis, left, and William Clark. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Pearl White, who played in film thrillers like “the exploits of Elaine” and the perils of Pauline,” was near death at the American Hospital in Paris  July 23, 1938, where she was treated for a liver ailment. This photograph was taken, when she came to New York after a voyage to Europe in 1937. (AP Photo)
In 1914, the first installment of “The Perils of Pauline,” the legendary silent film serial starring Pearl White (seen here), premiered in the greater New York City area. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Japanese removed from their Los Angeles homes line up at the government’s alien camp at Manzanar, Calif. March 23, 1942 for their first meal after arrival at the camp. Rice, Beans, Prunes bread were included in the menu. (AP Photo)
In 1942, the first Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, California. Here, Japanese-Americans removed from their Los Angeles homes line up at the government’ camp at Manzanar on March 23, 1942 for their first meal after arrival at the camp. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Astronauts Virgil Grissom, left, and John Young settle into the Gemini 3 capsule at Cape Kennedy, Florida, March 23, 1965.  They piloted the first space craft to change its orbital path.  (AP photo)
In 1965, America’s first two-person space mission took place as Gemini 3 blasted off with astronauts Virgil I. Grissom and John W. Young aboard for a nearly 5-hour flight. Here, astronauts Grissom, left, and Young settle into the Gemini 3 capsule at Cape Kennedy, Florida, March 23, 1965. (AP photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
President Reagan points as he addresses the nation on television March 23, 1983, from Washington in support of his proposed defense budget.  At left is a picture of Soviet Migs in western Cuba according to the White House.  The House voted earlier to cut the defense budget in favor of social programs.  (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)
In 1983, President Ronald Reagan first proposed developing technology to intercept incoming enemy missiles – an idea that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative. Seen here, Reagan points as he addresses the nation on television March 23, 1983, from Washington in support of his proposed defense budget.  (AP Photo/Dennis Cook) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/DENNIS COOK)
This image released by Paramount Pictures shows Leonardo DiCaprio, left, and Kate Winslet in a scene from "Titanic."  The film is among the 25 movies being added to the prestigious National Film Registry. (Paramount Pictures via AP)
In 1998, “Titanic” tied an Academy Awards record by winning 11 Oscars, including best picture, director (James Cameron) and song (“My Heart Will Go On”). This image released by Paramount Pictures shows Leonardo DiCaprio, left, and Kate Winslet in a scene from “Titanic.” The film is among the 25 movies being added to the prestigious National Film Registry. (Paramount Pictures via AP) (AP)
This is an undated portrait of American patriot Patrick Henry.  Henry was born in 1737 in Virginia, where he served as governor from 1776 to 1779 and 1784 to 1786.  He contributed to the adoption of the Bill of Rights.  (AP Photo)
In 1775, Patrick Henry delivered an address to the Virginia Provincial Convention in which he is said to have declared, “Give me liberty, or give me death!” This is an undated portrait of American patriot Patrick Henry. Henry was born in 1737 in Virginia, where he served as governor from 1776 to 1779 and 1784 to 1786. He contributed to the adoption of the Bill of Rights. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
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This is an undated photo of a portrait of explorers Meriwether Lewis, left, and William Clark.  (AP Photo)
Pearl White, who played in film thrillers like “the exploits of Elaine” and the perils of Pauline,” was near death at the American Hospital in Paris  July 23, 1938, where she was treated for a liver ailment. This photograph was taken, when she came to New York after a voyage to Europe in 1937. (AP Photo)
Japanese removed from their Los Angeles homes line up at the government’s alien camp at Manzanar, Calif. March 23, 1942 for their first meal after arrival at the camp. Rice, Beans, Prunes bread were included in the menu. (AP Photo)
Astronauts Virgil Grissom, left, and John Young settle into the Gemini 3 capsule at Cape Kennedy, Florida, March 23, 1965.  They piloted the first space craft to change its orbital path.  (AP photo)
President Reagan points as he addresses the nation on television March 23, 1983, from Washington in support of his proposed defense budget.  At left is a picture of Soviet Migs in western Cuba according to the White House.  The House voted earlier to cut the defense budget in favor of social programs.  (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)
This image released by Paramount Pictures shows Leonardo DiCaprio, left, and Kate Winslet in a scene from "Titanic."  The film is among the 25 movies being added to the prestigious National Film Registry. (Paramount Pictures via AP)
This is an undated portrait of American patriot Patrick Henry.  Henry was born in 1737 in Virginia, where he served as governor from 1776 to 1779 and 1784 to 1786.  He contributed to the adoption of the Bill of Rights.  (AP Photo)

Today is Saturday, March 23, the 82nd day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On March 23, 1942, the first Japanese-Americans evacuated by the U.S. Army during World War II arrived at the internment camp in Manzanar, California.

On this date:

In 1775, Patrick Henry delivered an address to the Virginia Provincial Convention in which he is said to have declared, “Give me liberty, or give me death!”

In 1806, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark, having reached the Pacific coast, began their journey back east.

In 1914, the first installment of “The Perils of Pauline,” the silent film serial starring Pearl White, premiered in the greater New York City area.

In 1933, the German Reichstag adopted the Enabling Act, which effectively granted Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers.

In 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic.

In 1965, America’s first two-person space mission took place as Gemini 3 blasted off with astronauts Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom and John W. Young aboard for a nearly 5-hour flight.

In 1983, President Ronald Reagan first proposed developing technology to intercept incoming enemy missiles _ an idea that came to be known as the Strategic Defense Initiative. Dr. Barney Clark, recipient of a Jarvik permanent artificial heart, died at the University of Utah Medical Center after 112 days with the device.

In 1990, the romantic comedy “Pretty Woman,” starring Richard Gere and Julia Roberts, was released by Buena Vista Pictures.

In 1994, Aeroflot Flight 593, an Airbus A310, crashed in Siberia with the loss of all 75 people on board; it turned out the teenage son of a pilot who was allowed to sit at the controls accidentally disengaged the autopilot, causing the jetliner to plunge to the ground.

In 1998, “Titanic” tied an Academy Awards record by winning 11 Oscars, including best picture, director (James Cameron) and song (”My Heart Will Go On”).

In 2003, during the Iraq War, a U.S. Army maintenance convoy was ambushed in Nasiriyah (nah-sih-REE’-uh); 11 soldiers were killed, including Pfc. Lori Ann Piestewa (py-ES’-tuh-wah); six were captured, including Pfc. Jessica Lynch, who was rescued on April 1, 2003.

In 2005, truck driver Tyrone Williams was convicted in federal court in Houston for his role in the 2003 deaths of 19 immigrants he was smuggling across Texas. (After initially receiving a life sentence, Williams was resentenced in Jan. 2011 to nearly 34 years in prison.)

Ten years ago: The Obama administration unveiled a plan to take over up to $1 trillion in sour mortgage securities with the help of private investors; Wall Street responded by hurtling the Dow Jones industrials upward nearly 500 points. Japan defended its 2006 World Baseball Classic title with a 5-3 win over South Korea at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles.

Five years ago: During a visit to Beijing, U.S. first lady Michelle Obama told Chinese professors, students and parents that she wouldn’t have risen to where she was if her parents hadn’t pushed for her to get a good education. Adolfo Suarez, Spain’s first democratically elected prime minister after decades of right-wing rule under Gen. Francisco Franco, died in Madrid at age 81.

One year ago: A French-Moroccan gunman killed four people before being killed by police in southern France who stormed a supermarket where he had taken hostages; the victims included a police officer who had swapped himself for a hostage being held in the supermarket. President Donald Trump released an order banning most transgender troops from serving in the military except under “limited circumstances.” The online classified ads site Craigslist removed its personals section; the action came after the U.S. Senate passed an anti-sex-trafficking bill that could hold the website and other responsible for illegal activity.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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