Today in History: Feb. 24

This is an undated photo of the seventeenth President of the United States Andrew Johnson. (AP Photo)
On Feb. 24, 1868, the U.S. House of Representatives impeached President Andrew Johnson following his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton; Johnson was later acquitted by the Senate. This is an undated photo of the seventeenth President of the United States. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Wheelchair-bound Hustler publisher Larry Flynt is surrounded by reporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington December 2, 1987.  In a lawsuit filed by the Rev. Jerry Falwell, the Supreme Court sided with Flynt, who claimed a First Amendment right to parody Falwell in his magazine. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)
In 1988, in a ruling that expanded legal protections for parody and satire, the Supreme Court unanimously overturned a $150,000 award that the Rev. Jerry Falwell had won against Hustler magazine and its publisher, Larry Flynt. Here, Flynt is surrounded by reporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington December 2, 1987. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/CHARLES TASNADI)
Anti-Castro demonstrators shout for the liberation of Cuba at the Opa-locka, Fla., airport, Sunday, Feb. 25, 1996 where they gathered to show their outrage at the shooting down of two Brothers to the Rescue aircraft Saturday. (AP Photo/Tannen Maury)
In 1996, Cuba downed two small American planes operated by the group Brothers to the Rescue that it claimed were violating Cuban airspace; all four pilots were killed. Here, anti-Castro demonstrators shout for the liberation of Cuba at the Opa-locka, Fla., airport, Sunday, Feb. 25, 1996 where they gathered to show their outrage at the shooting down of two Brothers to the Rescue aircraft. (AP Photo/Tannen Maury) (Associated Press/TANNEN MAURY)
In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII issued an edict outlining his calendar reforms. (The Gregorian Calendar is the calendar in general use today.) (Thinkstock) (Getty Images/iStockphoto/Rawpixel Ltd)
Seth Meyers
In 2014, Late Night with Seth Meyers” premiered on NBC. FILE – This July 13, 2014 file photo shows Seth Meyers in Beverly Hills, Calif. On Saturday, Oct. 7, 2017, Myers, who has been among the most vocal critics of President Donald Trump, tweeted that he’d “love” to have Trump on his NBC show, in response to one of his messages. (Photo by Richard Shotwell/Invision/AP, File) (AP/Richard Shotwell)
Cuba's former president Raul Castro delivers a speech, after Miguel Diaz-Canel was elected as the island nation's new president, at the National Assembly in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, April 19, 2018. Castro left the presidency after 12 years in office when the National Assembly approved Diaz-Canel's nomination as the candidate for the top government position. (AP Photo/Desmond Boylan)
In 2008, Cuba’s parliament named Raul Castro president, ending nearly 50 years of rule by his brother Fidel. Cuba’s former president Raul Castro delivers a speech, after Miguel Diaz-Canel was elected as the island nation’s new president, at the National Assembly in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, April 19, 2018. Castro left the presidency after 12 years in office when the National Assembly approved Diaz-Canel’s nomination as the candidate for the top government position. (AP Photo/Desmond Boylan) (AP/Desmond Boylan)
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This is an undated photo of the seventeenth President of the United States Andrew Johnson. (AP Photo)
Wheelchair-bound Hustler publisher Larry Flynt is surrounded by reporters outside the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington December 2, 1987.  In a lawsuit filed by the Rev. Jerry Falwell, the Supreme Court sided with Flynt, who claimed a First Amendment right to parody Falwell in his magazine. (AP Photo/Charles Tasnadi)
Anti-Castro demonstrators shout for the liberation of Cuba at the Opa-locka, Fla., airport, Sunday, Feb. 25, 1996 where they gathered to show their outrage at the shooting down of two Brothers to the Rescue aircraft Saturday. (AP Photo/Tannen Maury)
Seth Meyers
Cuba's former president Raul Castro delivers a speech, after Miguel Diaz-Canel was elected as the island nation's new president, at the National Assembly in Havana, Cuba, Thursday, April 19, 2018. Castro left the presidency after 12 years in office when the National Assembly approved Diaz-Canel's nomination as the candidate for the top government position. (AP Photo/Desmond Boylan)

Today is Sunday, Feb. 24, the 55th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Feb. 24, 1942, the SS Struma, a charter ship attempting to carry nearly 800 Jewish refugees from Romania to British-mandated Palestine, was torpedoed by a Soviet submarine in the Black Sea; all but one of the refugees perished.

On this date:

In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII issued an edict outlining his calendar reforms. (The Gregorian Calendar is the calendar in general use today.)

In 1761, Boston lawyer James Otis Jr. went to court to argue against “writs of assistance” that allowed British customs officers to arbitrarily search people’s premises, declaring: “A man’s house is his castle.” (Although Otis lost the case, his statement provided early inspiration for American independence.)

In 1868, the U.S. House of Representatives impeached President Andrew Johnson by a vote of 126-47 following his attempted dismissal of Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton; Johnson was later acquitted by the Senate.

In 1920, the German Workers Party, which later became the Nazi Party, met in Munich to adopt its platform.

In 1955, the Cole Porter musical “Silk Stockings” opened at the Imperial Theater on Broadway.

In 1961, the Federal Communications Commission authorized the nation’s first full-scale trial of pay television in Hartford, Connecticut.

In 1983, a congressional commission released a report condemning the internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II as a “grave injustice.”

In 1988, in a ruling that expanded legal protections for parody and satire, the Supreme Court unanimously overturned a $150,000 award that the Rev. Jerry Falwell had won against Hustler magazine and its publisher, Larry Flynt.

In 1989, a state funeral was held in Japan for Emperor Hirohito, who had died the month before at age 87.

In 1994, entertainer Dinah Shore died in Beverly Hills, California, five days before turning 78.

In 1996, Cuba downed two small American planes operated by the group Brothers to the Rescue that it claimed were violating Cuban airspace; all four pilots were killed.

In 2008, Cuba’s parliament named Raul Castro president, ending nearly 50 years of rule by his brother Fidel.

Ten years ago: In the first prime-time speech of his term, President Barack Obama appeared before Congress to sketch an agenda that began with jobs, then broadened quickly to include a stable credit system, better schools, health care reform, reliable domestic sources of energy and an end to the war in Iraq. Earlier in the day, President Obama held an 80-minute private talk with Japanese Prime Minister Taro Aso.

Five years ago: Despite Western pressure, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni signed an anti-gay bill that punished gay sex with up to life in prison. Writer-director-actor Harold Ramis, 69, died in Glencoe, Illinois. “Late Night with Seth Meyers” premiered on NBC.

One year ago: The U.N. Security Council unanimously demanded a 30-day cease-fire across Syria to deliver humanitarian aid and evacuate the wounded, as the death toll reached 500 from a Syrian bombing campaign in the rebel-held suburbs of Damascus. (The cease-fire failed to take hold.) The body of the Rev. Billy Graham arrived at the library bearing his name in Charlotte, North Carolina, where Graham would lie in repose for two days. At the Winter Olympics in South Korea, American men won the gold medal in curling in a decisive upset of Sweden; it was only the second curling medal in U.S. history.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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