Today in History: Nov. 1

In 1512, Michelangelo's just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican's Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled by the artist's patron, Pope Julius II. (AP Photo/Plinio Lepri)
In 1512, Michelangelo’s just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled by the artist’s patron, Pope Julius II. (AP Photo/Plinio Lepri) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/PLINIO LEPRI)
This tweet provided by the National Weather Service shows some of the fearful words being used to get people to warn people about Hurricane Irma and shock them into action, just as they did last month for Hurricane Harvey. (National Weather Service via AP)
In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations. This tweet provided by the National Weather Service shows some of the fearful words being used to get people to warn people about Hurricane Irma and shock them into action, just as they did last month for Hurricane Harvey. (National Weather Service via AP) (AP)
In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.  (AP Photo)
In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin. (AP Photo) (AP)
Reagan National Airport is seen in this Sunday, Jan. 24, 2016 photo. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
In 1949, an Eastern Airlines DC-4 collided in midair with a Lockheed P-38 fighter plane near Washington National Airport, killing all 55 people aboard the DC-4 and seriously injuring the pilot of the P-38. Reagan National Airport is seen in this Sunday, Jan. 24, 2016 photo. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon) (AP/Alex Brandon)
In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named "Ivy Mike," at Enewetak (en-ih-WEE'-tahk) Atoll in the Marshall Islands.(Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images)
In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named “Ivy Mike,” at Enewetak Atoll in the Marshall Islands.(Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Underwood Archives)
In 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only. (Photo by Movie Poster Image Art/Getty Images)
In 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only. (Photo by Movie Poster Image Art/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Movie Poster Image Art)
Harassment Now
In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court. FILE – In this Oct. 11, 1991 file photo, U.S. Supreme Court nominee Judge Clarence Thomas denounces and denies sexual harassment allegations made by Anita Hill against him before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington. The Thomas-Hill hearings riveted Americans, and the same is expected for the Kavanaugh-Ford hearing on Thursday, Sept. 27, 2018. (AP Photo/John Duricka, File) (AP/John Duricka)
FILE - In this Nov. 12, 2013 file photo, a Transportation Security Administration officer stands in front of a portrait of slain TSA officer Gerardo Hernandez during his public memorial at the Los Angeles Sports Arena. Paul Ciancia, the gunman who killed the federal security officer at Los Angeles International Airport and wounded three other people during a 2013 rampage, faces sentencing for murder and other crimes. Ciancia is expected to be sentenced Monday, Nov. 7, 2016, to life in prison for shootings that terrorized passengers and employees at the nation's second-busiest airport and disrupted air travel nationwide. (Al Seib/Los Angeles Times via AP, Pool, File)
In 2013: A man carrying a bag with a note that said he “wanted to kill TSA” opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle at a security checkpoint at Los Angeles International Airport, killing a TSA officer and wounding two others. (Gerardo Hernandez, 39, became the first TSA officer in the agency’s 12-year history to be killed in the line of duty. Paul Ciancia pleaded guilty to murder and 10 other charges in exchange for prosecutors dropping efforts to seek the death penalty; he was sentenced to life plus 60 years.) FILE – In this Nov. 12, 2013 file photo, a Transportation Security Administration officer stands in front of a portrait of slain TSA officer Gerardo Hernandez during his public memorial at the Los Angeles Sports Arena. Paul Ciancia, the gunman who killed the federal security officer at Los Angeles International Airport and wounded three other people during a 2013 rampage, faces sentencing for murder and other crimes. Ciancia is expected to be sentenced Monday, Nov. 7, 2016, to life in prison for shootings that terrorized passengers and employees at the nation’s second-busiest airport and disrupted air travel nationwide. (Al Seib/Los Angeles Times via AP, Pool, File)
President-elect Barack Obama and Sen John McCain, R-Ariz. smile during their meeting at Obama's transition office in downtown Chicago, Monday, Nov. 17, 2008. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
In 2008: Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain plunged through the final weekend of their marathon race for the White House. President-elect Barack Obama and Sen John McCain, R-Ariz. smile during their meeting at Obama’s transition office in downtown Chicago, Monday, Nov. 17, 2008. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)
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In 1512, Michelangelo's just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican's Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled by the artist's patron, Pope Julius II. (AP Photo/Plinio Lepri)
This tweet provided by the National Weather Service shows some of the fearful words being used to get people to warn people about Hurricane Irma and shock them into action, just as they did last month for Hurricane Harvey. (National Weather Service via AP)
In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Rome and Berlin.  (AP Photo)
Reagan National Airport is seen in this Sunday, Jan. 24, 2016 photo. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)
In 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named "Ivy Mike," at Enewetak (en-ih-WEE'-tahk) Atoll in the Marshall Islands.(Photo by Underwood Archives/Getty Images)
In 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only. (Photo by Movie Poster Image Art/Getty Images)
Harassment Now
FILE - In this Nov. 12, 2013 file photo, a Transportation Security Administration officer stands in front of a portrait of slain TSA officer Gerardo Hernandez during his public memorial at the Los Angeles Sports Arena. Paul Ciancia, the gunman who killed the federal security officer at Los Angeles International Airport and wounded three other people during a 2013 rampage, faces sentencing for murder and other crimes. Ciancia is expected to be sentenced Monday, Nov. 7, 2016, to life in prison for shootings that terrorized passengers and employees at the nation's second-busiest airport and disrupted air travel nationwide. (Al Seib/Los Angeles Times via AP, Pool, File)
President-elect Barack Obama and Sen John McCain, R-Ariz. smile during their meeting at Obama's transition office in downtown Chicago, Monday, Nov. 17, 2008. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais)

Today is Nov. 1, the 305th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Nov. 1, 1952, the United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb, code-named “Ivy Mike,” at Enewetak (en-ih-WEE’-tahk) Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

On this date:

In 1512, Michelangelo’s just-completed paintings on the ceiling of the Vatican’s Sistine Chapel were publicly unveiled by the artist’s patron, Pope Julius II.

In 1765, the Stamp Act, passed by the British Parliament, went into effect, prompting stiff resistance from American colonists.

In 1861, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln named Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan General-in-Chief of the Union armies, succeeding Lt. Gen. Winfield Scott.

In 1870, the United States Weather Bureau made its first meteorological observations.

In 1936, in a speech in Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini described the alliance between his country and Nazi Germany as an “axis” running between Rome and Berlin.

In 1949, an Eastern Airlines DC-4 collided in midair with a Lockheed P-38 fighter plane near Washington National Airport, killing all 55 people aboard the DC-4 and seriously injuring the pilot of the P-38.

In 1950, two Puerto Rican nationalists tried to force their way into Blair House in Washington, D.C., in a failed attempt to assassinate President Harry S. Truman. (One of the pair was killed, along with a White House police officer.)

In 1968, the Motion Picture Association of America unveiled its new voluntary film rating system: G for general, M for mature (later changed to GP, then PG), R for restricted and X (later changed to NC-17) for adults only.

In 1973, following the “Saturday Night Massacre,” Acting Attorney General Robert H. Bork appointed Leon Jaworski to be the new Watergate special prosecutor, succeeding Archibald Cox.

In 1989, East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia, prompting tens of thousands of refugees to flee to the West.

In 1991, Clarence Thomas took his place as the newest justice on the Supreme Court.

In 1995, Bosnia peace talks opened in Dayton, Ohio, with the leaders of Bosnia, Serbia and Croatia present.

In 2008: Democrat Barack Obama and Republican John McCain plunged through the final weekend of their marathon race for the White House; McCain poked fun at his campaign’s financial shortcomings and his reputation as a political maverick in an appearance on NBC’s “Saturday Night Live.” Machinists union members ratified a new contract with The Boeing Co., ending an eight-week strike.

In 2013: A man carrying a bag with a note that said he “wanted to kill TSA” opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle at a security checkpoint at Los Angeles International Airport, killing a TSA officer and wounding two others. (Gerardo Hernandez, 39, became the first TSA officer in the agency’s 12-year history to be killed in the line of duty. Paul Ciancia pleaded guilty to murder and 10 other charges in exchange for prosecutors dropping efforts to seek the death penalty; he was sentenced to life plus 60 years.) A U.S. drone strike killed Hakimullah Mehsud (hah-kee-MUH’-lah meh-SOOD’), leader of the Pakistani Taliban.

In 2017: Federal prosecutors brought terrorism charges against the man accused in the Manhattan truck rampage a day earlier that left eight people dead; prosecutors said Sayfullo Saipov had asked to display the Islamic State group’s flag in the hospital room where he was recovering from police gunfire. President Donald Trump tweeted that the suspect in the truck attack should get the death penalty. Prompting celebrations in a city still recovering from Hurricane Harvey, the Houston Astros won their first World Series championship, beating the Dodgers 5-1 in Game 7 in Los Angeles.

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