Today in History: Oct. 31

Illustration of a small crowd has gathered to watch as Martin Luther directs the posting of his 95 theses, protesting the practice of the sale of indulgences, to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg. Dated 1517. Photo by: (Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty images)
In 1517, Martin Luther posted his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg Palace church, marking the start of the Protestant Reformation in Germany. (Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty images) (UIG via Getty Images/Universal History Archive)
18th December 1966:  Escapologist Timothy Dill-Russell, adviser to the musical 'Man of Magic' about Houdini, is strapped in a straight-jacket as he hangs upside down over the Thames before his attempt at escape.  (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images)
In 1926, magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of gangrene and peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix. (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Peter Keegan)
UNITED STATES - MAY 12:  Workers Put The Finishing Touches On Mount Rushmore, In The Black Hills Of South Dakota, On June 12, 1941. This National Monument Sculpted In The Granite After An Idea From The Historian Doane Robinson In 1923 And The Work Of Sculptor Gutzon Borglum.  (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
In 1941, work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927. (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images) (Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images/Keystone-France)
DELHI, INDIA:  (FILES) In this picture taken 31 October 1984, slain Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi lies in state on a gun carriage wrapped in an Indian flag at the hospital where she died after having been shot in front of her residence in New Delhi.  31 October 2004, will mark the 20th anniversary of Mrs Gandhi's assasination by her Sikh bodyguards, four months after she ordered troops into the Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out Sikh militants fighting for an independent state. Twenty years after the assassination of Indira Gandhi, India is remembering with strong emotions the woman who holds the record as the longest serving prime minister of the world's largest democracy.    AFP PHOTO/BEDI  (Photo credit should read BEDI/AFP/Getty Images)
In 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh security guards. (AFP PHOTO/BEDI/Getty images) (AFP/Getty Images/AFP)
iStock/Thinkstock
In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state as President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation. (Thinkstock)
FILE - In this July 20, 1986 file photo, Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury performs, in Germany. Queen guitarist Brian May says an asteroid in Jupiter's orbit has been named after the band's late frontman Freddie Mercury on what would have been his 70th birthday, it was reported on Monday, Sept. 5, 2016. May says the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Centre has designated an asteroid discovered in 1991, the year of Mercury's death, as "Asteroid 17473 Freddiemercury." (AP Photo/Marco Arndt, File)
In 1975, the Queen single “Bohemian Rhapsody” was released in the United Kingdom by EMI Records. FILE – In this July 20, 1986 file photo, Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury performs, in Germany. Queen guitarist Brian May says an asteroid in Jupiter’s orbit has been named after the band’s late frontman Freddie Mercury on what would have been his 70th birthday, it was reported on Monday, Sept. 5, 2016. May says the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Centre has designated an asteroid discovered in 1991, the year of Mercury’s death, as “Asteroid 17473 Freddiemercury.” (AP Photo/Marco Arndt, File) (AP)
**FILE**This undated file image shows an etching of astronomer Galileo Galilei. Galileo is going from heretic to hero. The Vatican is rehabilitating its most famous victim of the Inquisition, just in time for the 400th anniversary of Galileo's telescope and the U.N.-designated International Year of Astronomy next year.  (AP Photo, File)
In 1992, Pope John Paul II formally proclaimed that the Roman Catholic Church had erred in condemning the astronomer Galileo for holding that the Earth was not the center of the universe. **FILE**This undated file image shows an etching of astronomer Galileo Galilei. Galileo is going from heretic to hero. The Vatican is rehabilitating its most famous victim of the Inquisition, just in time for the 400th anniversary of Galileo’s telescope and the U.N.-designated International Year of Astronomy next year. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
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Illustration of a small crowd has gathered to watch as Martin Luther directs the posting of his 95 theses, protesting the practice of the sale of indulgences, to the door of the castle church in Wittenberg. Dated 1517. Photo by: (Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty images)
18th December 1966:  Escapologist Timothy Dill-Russell, adviser to the musical 'Man of Magic' about Houdini, is strapped in a straight-jacket as he hangs upside down over the Thames before his attempt at escape.  (Photo by Peter Keegan/Keystone/Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - MAY 12:  Workers Put The Finishing Touches On Mount Rushmore, In The Black Hills Of South Dakota, On June 12, 1941. This National Monument Sculpted In The Granite After An Idea From The Historian Doane Robinson In 1923 And The Work Of Sculptor Gutzon Borglum.  (Photo by Keystone-France/Gamma-Keystone via Getty Images)
DELHI, INDIA:  (FILES) In this picture taken 31 October 1984, slain Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi lies in state on a gun carriage wrapped in an Indian flag at the hospital where she died after having been shot in front of her residence in New Delhi.  31 October 2004, will mark the 20th anniversary of Mrs Gandhi's assasination by her Sikh bodyguards, four months after she ordered troops into the Golden Temple in Amritsar to flush out Sikh militants fighting for an independent state. Twenty years after the assassination of Indira Gandhi, India is remembering with strong emotions the woman who holds the record as the longest serving prime minister of the world's largest democracy.    AFP PHOTO/BEDI  (Photo credit should read BEDI/AFP/Getty Images)
iStock/Thinkstock
FILE - In this July 20, 1986 file photo, Queen lead singer Freddie Mercury performs, in Germany. Queen guitarist Brian May says an asteroid in Jupiter's orbit has been named after the band's late frontman Freddie Mercury on what would have been his 70th birthday, it was reported on Monday, Sept. 5, 2016. May says the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Centre has designated an asteroid discovered in 1991, the year of Mercury's death, as "Asteroid 17473 Freddiemercury." (AP Photo/Marco Arndt, File)
**FILE**This undated file image shows an etching of astronomer Galileo Galilei. Galileo is going from heretic to hero. The Vatican is rehabilitating its most famous victim of the Inquisition, just in time for the 400th anniversary of Galileo's telescope and the U.N.-designated International Year of Astronomy next year.  (AP Photo, File)

Today is Wednesday, Oct. 31, the 304th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 31, 1984, Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh (seek) security guards.

On this date:

In 1517, Martin Luther sent his 95 Theses denouncing what he saw as the abuses of the Catholic Church, especially the sale of indulgences, to the Archbishop of Mainz, Germany (by some accounts, Luther also posted the Theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg), marking the start of the Protestant Reformation.

In 1864, Nevada became the 36th state as President Abraham Lincoln signed a proclamation.

In 1926, magician Harry Houdini died in Detroit of peritonitis resulting from a ruptured appendix.

In 1941, the Navy destroyer USS Reuben James was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Iceland with the loss of some 100 lives, even though the United States had not yet entered World War II. Work was completed on the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota, begun in 1927.

In 1961, the body of Josef Stalin was removed from Lenin’s Tomb as part of the Soviet Union’s “de-Stalinization” drive.

In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a halt to all U.S. bombing of North Vietnam, saying he hoped for fruitful peace negotiations.

In 1975, the Queen single “Bohemian Rhapsody” was released in the United Kingdom by EMI Records.

In 1992, Pope John Paul II formally proclaimed that the Roman Catholic Church had erred in condemning the astronomer Galileo for holding that the Earth was not the center of the universe.

In 1994, a Chicago-bound American Eagle ATR-72 crashed in northern Indiana, killing all 68 people aboard.

In 1998, a genetic study was released suggesting President Thomas Jefferson did in fact father at least one child by his slave Sally Hemings.

In 1999, EgyptAir Flight 990, bound from New York to Cairo, crashed off the Massachusetts coast, killing all 217 people aboard.

In 2001, New York hospital worker Kathy T. Nguyen (nwen) died of inhalation anthrax, the fourth person to perish in a spreading wave of bioterrorism.

Ten years ago: President George W. Bush signed an executive order restoring the Libyan government’s immunity from terror-related lawsuits and dismissing pending compensation cases. Pulitzer Prize-winning author Studs Terkel died in Chicago at age 96.

Five years ago: The Federal Aviation Administration issued new guidelines allowing airline passengers to keep their electronic devices turned on throughout the entire flight, but not to talk on their cellphones. A federal appeals court ruled that most of Texas’ tough new abortion restrictions could take effect immediately.

One year ago: Eight people were killed when a man drove a truck along a bike path in New York City in an attack that authorities immediately labeled terrorism; the driver, identified by authorities as Uzbek immigrant Sayfullo Saipov, was shot and wounded by police. (His trial is scheduled for October, 2019.) Netflix said it was suspending production on “House of Cards” following sexual harassment allegations against its star, Kevin Spacey. (Spacey would later be fired from the show, and production resumed without him.) Wendy Williams passed out during a live broadcast of her syndicated chat show; she’d been wearing a Statue of Liberty Halloween costume and told the audience minutes later that she’d become overheated in it.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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