Today in History: Sept. 30

In this Friday, June 1, 2018, photo, vials of the local anesthetic lidocaine, currently in short supply, are shown in the inpatient pharmacy at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City. Amid the nation's opioid epidemic, hospitals are struggling to get widely used injected pain medicines because of ongoing supply shortages. The shortages affect just about every corner of the hospital, from the operating room and emergency department. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer) (AP/Rick Bowmer)
After long discussions the treaty for giving the Sudeten Districts from Czechoslovakia back to Germany was signed by the four statesmen Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Eduard Daladier and Sir Neville Chamberlain at the Fuehrerhouse at Munich on Sept. 30, 1938. Premier Neville Chamberlain rears the treaty over before signing. Left interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt, Sir Neville Chamberlain and Hitler?s adjutant brigade leader Schaub. (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman)
In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.” (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Berlin Hoffman)
Larry Doby Jr., Michael Bourn
In 1947, the World Series was broadcast on television for the first time; the New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-3 in Game 1 (the Yankees went on to win the Series four games to three). Larry Doby Jr., in red shirt, talks with Michael Bourn after the unveiling of a statue of Hall of Fame Larry Doby Saturday, July 25, 2015, in Cleveland. Doby broke the color barrier in the AL on July 5, 1947, just months after Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Doby spent nine seasons with Cleveland and helped lead the Indians to a World Series title in 1948. He had a career .283 average with 253 homers. He led the league with 32 homers and 126 RBIs in 1954, when the Indians won 111 games. Before joining the Indians, Doby starred for Newark in the Negro League. He retired following the 1959 season. Doby’s No. 14 was retired in 1994, 47 years after he was signed by Indians owner Bill Veeck. A seven-time All-Star, Doby died in 2003 at the age of 79. (AP Photo/Tony Dejak) (AP)
James Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie "Rebel Without A Cause."  (AP Photo)
In 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California. Here, Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie “Rebel Without A Cause.” (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen)
In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end. Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Riethausen)
With a tight grin fixed on his face, James H. Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi at Oxford.  Meredith became the first black man to get a degree from Ole Mississippi.  (AP Photof)
In 1962, James Meredith, a black student, was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day. Here, Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/BH)
FILE - In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File)
In 2003, the FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame. In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File) (AP/Jonathan Short)
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In this Friday, June 1, 2018, photo, vials of the local anesthetic lidocaine, currently in short supply, are shown in the inpatient pharmacy at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City. Amid the nation's opioid epidemic, hospitals are struggling to get widely used injected pain medicines because of ongoing supply shortages. The shortages affect just about every corner of the hospital, from the operating room and emergency department. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
After long discussions the treaty for giving the Sudeten Districts from Czechoslovakia back to Germany was signed by the four statesmen Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Eduard Daladier and Sir Neville Chamberlain at the Fuehrerhouse at Munich on Sept. 30, 1938. Premier Neville Chamberlain rears the treaty over before signing. Left interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt, Sir Neville Chamberlain and Hitler?s adjutant brigade leader Schaub. (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman)
Larry Doby Jr., Michael Bourn
James Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie "Rebel Without A Cause."  (AP Photo)
Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen)
With a tight grin fixed on his face, James H. Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi at Oxford.  Meredith became the first black man to get a degree from Ole Mississippi.  (AP Photof)
FILE - In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File)

Today is Sunday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2018. There are 92 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Sept. 30, 1962, James Meredith, a black student, was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day; Meredith’s presence sparked rioting that claimed two lives.

On this date:

In 1777, the Continental Congress, forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces, moved to York, Pennsylvania.

In 1791, Mozart’s opera “The Magic Flute” premiered in Vienna, Austria.

In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.”

In 1947, the World Series was broadcast on television for the first time; the New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-3 in Game 1 (the Yankees went on to win the Series four games to three).

In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

In 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California.

In 1972, Roberto Clemente hit a double against Jon Matlack of the New York Mets during Pittsburgh’s 5-0 victory at Three Rivers Stadium; the hit was the 3,000th and last for the Pirates star.

In 1986, the U-S released accused Soviet spy Gennadiy Zakharov, one day after the Soviets released Nicholas Daniloff.

In 1988, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.

In 2001, under threat of U.S. military strikes, Afghanistan’s hard-line Taliban rulers said explicitly for the first time that Osama bin Laden was still in the country and that they knew where his hideout was located.

In 2003, the FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.

Ten years ago: Congressional leaders and President George W. Bush rummaged through ideas new and old, desperately seeking to change a dozen House members’ votes and pass a multibillion-dollar economic rescue plan. Wall Street regained hope as the Dow industrials rose 485 points. More than 200 people were killed in a stampede of pilgrims at a Hindu temple in Jodhpur, India. J.L. Chestnut Jr., the first black lawyer in Selma, Ala. and a prominent attorney in civil rights cases across a half century, died in Birmingham at age 77.

Five years ago: Pope Francis announced during a meeting with cardinals that he would canonize two of his most influential predecessors, John Paul II and John XXIII, the following spring. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu implored President Barack Obama during a White House meeting to keep punishing sanctions in place against Iran over its nuclear programs.

One year ago: President Donald Trump lashed out at the mayor of San Juan and other officials in storm-ravaged Puerto Rico, saying they “want everything to be done for them.” Monty Hall, the long-running host of TV’s “Let’s Make a Deal,” died of heart failure at his home in Beverly Hills at the age of 96.

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