Today in History: Sept. 30

In this Friday, June 1, 2018, photo, vials of the local anesthetic lidocaine, currently in short supply, are shown in the inpatient pharmacy at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City. Amid the nation's opioid epidemic, hospitals are struggling to get widely used injected pain medicines because of ongoing supply shortages. The shortages affect just about every corner of the hospital, from the operating room and emergency department. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

(AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)

After long discussions the treaty for giving the Sudeten Districts from Czechoslovakia back to Germany was signed by the four statesmen Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Eduard Daladier and Sir Neville Chamberlain at the Fuehrerhouse at Munich on Sept. 30, 1938. Premier Neville Chamberlain rears the treaty over before signing. Left interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt, Sir Neville Chamberlain and Hitler?s adjutant brigade leader Schaub. (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman)
In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.” (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman)

Larry Doby Jr., Michael Bourn
In 1947, the World Series was broadcast on television for the first time; the New York Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-3 in Game 1 (the Yankees went on to win the Series four games to three).

Larry Doby Jr., in red shirt, talks with Michael Bourn after the unveiling of a statue of Hall of Fame Larry Doby Saturday, July 25, 2015, in Cleveland. Doby broke the color barrier in the AL on July 5, 1947, just months after Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers. Doby spent nine seasons with Cleveland and helped lead the Indians to a World Series title in 1948. He had a career .283 average with 253 homers. He led the league with 32 homers and 126 RBIs in 1954, when the Indians won 111 games. Before joining the Indians, Doby starred for Newark in the Negro League. He retired following the 1959 season. Doby’s No. 14 was retired in 1994, 47 years after he was signed by Indians owner Bill Veeck. A seven-time All-Star, Doby died in 2003 at the age of 79. (AP Photo/Tony Dejak)

James Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie "Rebel Without A Cause."  (AP Photo)
In 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California.

Here, Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie “Rebel Without A Cause.” (AP Photo)

Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen)
In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen)

With a tight grin fixed on his face, James H. Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi at Oxford.  Meredith became the first black man to get a degree from Ole Mississippi.  (AP Photof)
In 1962, James Meredith, a black student, was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day.

Here, Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi. (AP Photo)

FILE - In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File)
In 2003, the FBI began a full-scale criminal investigation into whether White House officials had illegally leaked the identity of undercover CIA officer Valerie Plame.

In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File)

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In this Friday, June 1, 2018, photo, vials of the local anesthetic lidocaine, currently in short supply, are shown in the inpatient pharmacy at the University of Utah Hospital in Salt Lake City. Amid the nation's opioid epidemic, hospitals are struggling to get widely used injected pain medicines because of ongoing supply shortages. The shortages affect just about every corner of the hospital, from the operating room and emergency department. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
After long discussions the treaty for giving the Sudeten Districts from Czechoslovakia back to Germany was signed by the four statesmen Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Eduard Daladier and Sir Neville Chamberlain at the Fuehrerhouse at Munich on Sept. 30, 1938. Premier Neville Chamberlain rears the treaty over before signing. Left interpreter Dr. Paul Schmidt, Sir Neville Chamberlain and Hitler?s adjutant brigade leader Schaub. (AP Photo/Berlin Hoffman)
Larry Doby Jr., Michael Bourn
James Dean is shown as Jim Stark in a scene from the 1955 movie "Rebel Without A Cause."  (AP Photo)
Last air-lift plane with the mascot number 7 on its hardstern being loaded with 10 tons of coal during the ceremony at Frankfurt’s Rhein/Main Air Base in Frankfurt, Germany, Sept. 30, 1949. (AP Photo/Riethausen)
With a tight grin fixed on his face, James H. Meredith stands in line with fellow students awaiting presentation of diplomas at graduation ceremonies, August 19, 1963, at the University of Mississippi at Oxford.  Meredith became the first black man to get a degree from Ole Mississippi.  (AP Photof)
FILE - In this June. 21, 2011, file photo, former U.S. CIA Operations Officer, Valerie Plame Wilson arrives for the UK film premiere of Countdown to Zero in London. Wilson launched an online fundraiser on Aug. 18, 2017, looking to crowdfund enough money to buy Twitter so President Donald Trump can’t use it. (AP Photo/Jonathan Short, File)

Today is Monday, Sept. 30, the 273rd day of 2019. There are 92 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Sept. 30, 1777, the Continental Congress _ forced to flee in the face of advancing British forces _ moved to York, Pennsylvania.

On this date:

In 1399, England’s King Richard II was deposed by Parliament; he was succeeded by his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke, who was crowned as King Henry IV.

In 1846, Boston dentist William Morton used ether as an anesthetic for the first time as he extracted an ulcerated tooth from merchant Eben Frost.

In 1938, after co-signing the Munich Agreement allowing Nazi annexation of Czechoslovakia’s Sudetenland, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said, “I believe it is peace for our time.”

In 1939, the first college football game to be televised was shown on experimental station W2XBS in New York as Fordham University defeated Waynesburg College, 34-7.

In 1949, the Berlin Airlift came to an end.

In 1952, the motion picture “This Is Cinerama,” which introduced the triple-camera, triple-projector Cinerama widescreen process, premiered at the Broadway Theatre in New York.

In 1954, the first nuclear-powered submarine, the USS Nautilus, was commissioned by the U.S. Navy.

In 1955, actor James Dean, 24, was killed in a two-car collision near Cholame, California.

In 1962, James Meredith, a black student, was escorted by federal marshals to the campus of the University of Mississippi, where he enrolled for classes the next day; Meredith’s presence sparked rioting that claimed two lives.

In 1972, Roberto Clemente hit a double against Jon Matlack of the New York Mets during Pittsburgh’s 5-0 victory at Three Rivers Stadium; the hit was the 3,000th and last for the Pirates star.

In 1988, Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev retired President Andrei A. Gromyko from the Politburo and fired other old-guard leaders in a Kremlin shake-up.

In 2001, under threat of U.S. military strikes, Afghanistan’s hard-line Taliban rulers said explicitly for the first time that Osama bin Laden was still in the country and that they knew where his hideout was located.

Ten years ago: A powerful earthquake rocked western Indonesia, killing 1,115 people. A Soyuz spacecraft carrying Canadian circus tycoon Guy Laliberte and two crew mates lifted off from Kazakhstan, headed for the International Space Station.

Five years ago: Under withering criticism from Congress, Secret Service Director Julia Pierson admitted failures in her agency’s critical mission of protecting the president but repeatedly sidestepped key questions about how a knife-carrying intruder penetrated ring after ring of security before finally being tackled deep inside the White House. U.S. and Afghan officials signed a long-delayed security pact to keep nearly 10,000 American forces in Afghanistan beyond the planned final withdrawal of U.S. and international combat forces at the end of the year. The first case of Ebola diagnosed in the U.S. was confirmed in a patient who had recently traveled from Liberia to Dallas. Jerry Brown signed the nation’s first statewide ban on single-use plastic bags at grocery and convenience stores.

One year ago: U.S. and Canadian officials announced an agreement for Canada to take part in a revamped North American free trade deal with the U.S. and Mexico; the new agreement would be called the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement, or USMCA. As part of a new one-week investigation, FBI agents interviewed Deborah Ramirez, one of the three women who had accused Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh of sexual misconduct. With more than 800 already confirmed dead from an earthquake and tsunami in Indonesia, rescuers struggled to reach additional victims in several large coastal towns.

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