In 2017, workers from Charles County, Maryland, spent 388 hours commuting to and from work; that translates to an average of just under two and a half weeks.
Commuters from Fauquier spent 352 hours in their cars, while drivers from Stafford endured 330.
The Bloomberg computations included converting hours spent commuting into a dollar amount based on an average annual income of a full-time worker, living in a particular county. The index also included what percentage of commuters have to leave for work before 6 a.m.
Almost 28 percent of commuters in Charles County leave their homes before 6 a.m. Even more from Stafford County leave that early, in most cases to battle congestion on Interstate 95.
Why do so many local counties surrounding D.C. have long, expensive commutes? Ferdinando Monte, an assistant professor of economics at Georgetown University, told Bloomberg a portion of the answer lies in geography.
Unlike San Francisco, which is surrounded by water on three sides, Washington sprawl isn’t impeded. Also, since Congress limits the maximum heights of buildings in the District, the skyline has remained low, while sprawl has increased.
Brad Hansen, an economics professor at University of Mary Washington, said the strong job market in the Washington area contributes to people willing to pay for an expensive commute.
“They find the jobs in D.C. and Northern Virginia more attractive, largely because of higher income, but they find living in places like Stafford, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania more attractive because of lower housing prices or they like living in a less urban area,” Hansen said.
‘It’s now turned into a nightmare’
Sandy Garrity moved to Waldorf, Maryland, in Charles County, 18 years ago.
“We wanted to build a home, and in 2001 it was a very affordable thing to do,” Garrity said.
At the time, her 22-mile commute to work was a snap.
“Thirty-five to 40 minutes, with very little traffic, commuting to Capitol Hill,” Garrity said. “It’s now turned into a nightmare.”
Her commute now typically takes more than an hour. “I have been in the car, at times, for an hour and a half to two hours, just to drive 22 miles,” she said.
The wear and tear of driving on Maryland Route 210 and Interstate 295 takes its toll. “You’re defeated before you even get to the office,” she said.
With few viable route options, Garrity said she looks for other ways to beat the crowd: “What time should I leave the house? Check the traffic reports (before) I leave the house. Check the traffic reports before I leave work to go home. And it pretty much rules your world.”
Despite the inconvenience and expense, she isn’t about to move to another area because of her commute.
“Thankfully, I have an understanding boss, who also commutes,” she said.