"It's been a heck of a year for mosquitoes," said entomologist Mike Raupp. Months of record rainfall produced huge numbers of breeding sites and mosquitoes that spread West Nile virus.
WASHINGTON — Cases of West Nile virus are up dramatically this year in the D.C. area, and the season for mosquito bites that spread the disease is still going strong.
“It’s been a heck of a year for mosquitoes. Their populations have been booming,” said University of Maryland entomologist Mike Raupp. “All this record rainfall we’ve had — record rainfall — creates nonstop breeding sites for these mosquitoes that really increases the transmission of West Nile virus.”
Comparing the number of reported cases of West Nile virus between 2017 and 2018 as of Sept. 18:
Maryland numbers jumped from 4 to 19;
District of Columbia numbers went from 4 to 10;
Virginia cases increased from 13 to 21.
At least half of the cases in each of those jurisdictions caused serious brain ailments such as meningitis or encephalitis. No one has died.
“Hopefully in the next few weeks, we’ll see a decline in the actual biting of mosquitoes,” Raupp noted. “Certainly once we have a killing frost … the mosquito season will officially be over for this year.”
The average date of first frost at Reagan National Airport is Nov. 10. In Frederick, Maryland, it’s Oct. 27. In Winchester, Virginia, it’s Oct. 19, WTOP meteorologist Mike Stinneford said.
Local jurisdictions have been taking active measures all summer to knock down mosquito populations. For example, Fairfax County applied pesticide treatments in two local parks in late August.
“In the District, D.C. Health treats standing water all summer through October with a natural compound that stops mosquitoes from breeding,” said Dr. Vito DelVento, director of veterinary services at the D.C. Department of Health.
Most people who are exposed to the virus don’t get sick. People 60 or older are most vulnerable. However, everyone is encouraged to play their part to help stop mosquitoes and the subsequent spreading of West Nile virus.
“Preventing West Nile is easy. Stop mosquito bites by using EPA-approved insect repellents and eliminating standing water from your property,” DelVento said.
So, what’s next?
There’s potential for a strong start to the West Nile virus season in 2019. Raupp said the Culex species Little House Mosquito that transmits West Nile between birds and humans doesn’t die over the winter; it merely takes cover and stops feeding.
“When spring returns, they’ll become active again. They’ll move out of those protected locations and the biting will begin again next year,” Raupp warned.
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