Today in History: Oct. 17

Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi, who claimed he invented radio, reads signals on a tape recorder, left, with a 10-inch spark coil used for ship-to-shore radio tests in this 1901 photo.  (AP Photo)
In 1907, Guglielmo (Goo-lee-AH’-moh) Marconi began offering limited commercial wireless telegraph service between Nova Scotia and Ireland. Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi, who claimed he invented radio, reads signals on a tape recorder, left, with a 10-inch spark coil used for ship-to-shore radio tests in this 1901 photo. (AP Photo) (AP)
Chicago crime boss Al Capone, left, wearing white hat, is in the custody of U.S. marshals as he leaves the courtroom in Chicago on October 12, 1931. Capone was convicted on tax evasion charges. (AP Photo)
In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion. (Sentenced to 11 years in prison, Capone was released in 1939.)  (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Some of the questions were pretty hard to answer and others were amusing, but Dr. Albert Einstein, noted physicist, right, did his best to enlighten newspaper reporters who met him on his arrival aboard the motor ship Portland in Los Angeles, Calif., Dec. 30, 1932.  Dr. R.C. Tolman, of the California Institute of Technology, center, is who put the newsmen's questions to Dr. Einstein. Einstein's wife Elsa is at the left. (AP Photo)
In 1933, Albert Einstein, right, arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
50-year-old Henry Pu-Yi, the last Manchu emperor of China, seen in a Communist prison in Fushan, China, Dec. 28, 1956, where he has spent the last 11 yaers of his life. (AP Photo)
In 1967, Puyi, the last emperor of China, died in Beijing at age 61. 50-year-old Henry Pu-Yi, the last Manchu emperor of China, seen in a Communist prison in Fushan, China, Dec. 28, 1956, where he has spent the last 11 yaers of his life. (AP Photo) (AP)
Mother Teresa pictured on Wednesday, October 17, 1979, at her home in Calcutta reading a foreign news dispatch regarding her selection as the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner.  This was the first news reaching her on the award.(AP PHOTO/SANTOSH BASA)
In 1979, Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. (AP PHOTO/SANTOSH BASA) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/SANTOSH BASAK)
In 1978, President Carter signed a bill restoring U.S. citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. (AP/Anonymous)
Members of the Oakland Athletics stand and stare as Candlestick Park-goers leave the stadium in the wake of the major earthquake that struck Northern California just before game 3 of the World Series against the San Francisco Giants on Oct. 17, 1989.   (AP Photo)
In 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 63 people and causing $6 billion worth of damage. Members of the Oakland Athletics stand and stare as Candlestick Park-goers leave the stadium in the wake of the major earthquake that struck Northern California just before game 3 of the World Series against the San Francisco Giants on Oct. 17, 1989. (AP Photo) (AP)
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Italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi, who claimed he invented radio, reads signals on a tape recorder, left, with a 10-inch spark coil used for ship-to-shore radio tests in this 1901 photo.  (AP Photo)
Chicago crime boss Al Capone, left, wearing white hat, is in the custody of U.S. marshals as he leaves the courtroom in Chicago on October 12, 1931. Capone was convicted on tax evasion charges. (AP Photo)
Some of the questions were pretty hard to answer and others were amusing, but Dr. Albert Einstein, noted physicist, right, did his best to enlighten newspaper reporters who met him on his arrival aboard the motor ship Portland in Los Angeles, Calif., Dec. 30, 1932.  Dr. R.C. Tolman, of the California Institute of Technology, center, is who put the newsmen's questions to Dr. Einstein. Einstein's wife Elsa is at the left. (AP Photo)
50-year-old Henry Pu-Yi, the last Manchu emperor of China, seen in a Communist prison in Fushan, China, Dec. 28, 1956, where he has spent the last 11 yaers of his life. (AP Photo)
Mother Teresa pictured on Wednesday, October 17, 1979, at her home in Calcutta reading a foreign news dispatch regarding her selection as the 1979 Nobel Peace Prize winner.  This was the first news reaching her on the award.(AP PHOTO/SANTOSH BASA)
Members of the Oakland Athletics stand and stare as Candlestick Park-goers leave the stadium in the wake of the major earthquake that struck Northern California just before game 3 of the World Series against the San Francisco Giants on Oct. 17, 1989.   (AP Photo)

Today is Thursday, Oct. 17, the 290th day of 2019. There are 75 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 17, 1979, Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

On this date:

In 1610, French King Louis XIII, age nine, was crowned at Reims, five months after the assassination of his father, Henry IV.

In 1777, British forces under Gen. John Burgoyne surrendered to American troops in Saratoga, New York, in a turning point of the Revolutionary War.

In 1807, Britain declared it would continue to reclaim British-born sailors from American ships and ports regardless of whether they held U.S. citizenship.

In 1907, Guglielmo (Goo-lee-AH’-moh) Marconi began offering limited commercial wireless telegraph service between Nova Scotia and Ireland.

In 1931, mobster Al Capone was convicted in Chicago of income tax evasion. (Sentenced to 11 years in prison, Capone was released in 1939.)

In 1933, Albert Einstein arrived in the United States as a refugee from Nazi Germany.

In 1939, Frank Capra’s comedy-drama “Mr. Smith Goes to Washington,” starring James Stewart as an idealistic junior U.S. senator, had its premiere in the nation’s capital.

In 1966, 12 New York City firefighters were killed while battling a blaze in lower Manhattan. The TV game show “The Hollywood Squares” premiered on NBC.

In 1967, Puyi (poo-yee), the last emperor of China, died in Beijing at age 61.

In 1973, Arab oil-producing nations announced they would begin cutting back oil exports to Western nations and Japan; the result was a total embargo that lasted until March 1974.

In 1978, President Carter signed a bill restoring U.S. citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis.

In 1989, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale struck northern California, killing 63 people and causing $6 billion worth of damage.

Ten years ago: Pakistani soldiers attacked militant bases in the main al-Qaida and Taliban stronghold along the Afghan border. Songwriter Vic Mizzy, 93, who’d composed the catchy themes for the 1960s sit-coms “The Addams Family” and “Green Acres,” died in Bel Air, California.

Five years ago: The World Health Organization acknowledged it had botched attempts to stop the Ebola outbreak in West Africa, blaming factors including incompetent staff, lack of information and budget cuts. Riot police cleared an offshoot Hong Kong pro-democracy protest zone in a dawn raid, taking down barricades, tents and canopies that had blocked key streets for more than two weeks, but leaving the city’s main thoroughfare still in the hands of the activists. Sixteen people watching an outdoor pop concert in Seongnam, South Korea, fell 60 feet to their deaths when a ventilation grate they were standing on collapsed.

One year ago: Residents of the Florida Panhandle community of Mexico Beach who had fled Hurricane Michael a week earlier returned home to find homes, businesses and campers ripped to shreds; the storm had killed at least 59 people and caused more than $25 billion in damage in Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas and Virginia. Canada became the world’s largest legal marijuana marketplace; customers stood in long lines for hours and then lit up and celebrated on sidewalks. Caroll Spinney, the puppeteer who had played Big Bird on “Sesame Street,” announced his retirement after nearly 50 years on the show.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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