Today in History: Aug. 13

East German soldiers, left, set up barbed wire barricades August , 13, 1961 at the border seperating Berlin, Germany, to restrict the travel between the eastern and western part of the German city. West Berlin citizens, right, watch the work.  (AP Photo)
In 1961, East Germany sealed off the border between Berlin’s eastern and western sectors before building a wall that would divide the city for the next 28 years. East German soldiers, left, set up barbed wire barricades August, 13, 1961 at the border seperating Berlin, Germany, to restrict the travel between the eastern and western part of the German city. West Berlin citizens, right, watch the work. (AP Photo) (AP)
Reps. John Lewis, D-Ga., left, Ron Dellums, D-Calif., right, face reporters on Capitol Hill Sunday, Aug. 13, 1989 where they discuss the reported finding of a plane which carried Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and others aboard in Ethiopia. U.S. officials said no survivors were found. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)
In 1989, searchers in Ethiopia found the wreckage of a plane which had disappeared almost a week earlier while carrying Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 14 other people – there were no survivors. Reps. John Lewis, D-Ga., left, Ron Dellums, D-Calif., right, face reporters on Capitol Hill Sunday, Aug. 13, 1989 where they discuss the reported finding of a plane which carried Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and others aboard in Ethiopia. U.S. officials said no survivors were found. (AP Photo/Doug Mills) (AP/Doug Mills)
FILE - In this Jan. 24, 1968, file photo,  Faye Dunaway, left, and Warren Beatty appear at the Paris premiere of their film, "Bonnie and Clyde." The film premiered in the U.S. in September 1967. The film, starring Beatty and Faye as the fatalistic outlaws, would become a cultural sensation, one of the biggest box office hits up until that point and a 10-time Oscar nominee. But on its initial release on August 13 in the midst of the Summer of Love, “Bonnie and Clyde” was virtually gunned down by bad reviews and a tepid reception at the box office. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz, File)
In 1967, the crime caper biopic “Bonnie and Clyde,” starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, had its U.S. premiere; the movie, directed by Arthur Penn, was considered shocking as well as innovative for its graphic portrayal of violence. FILE – In this Jan. 24, 1968, file photo, Faye Dunaway, left, and Warren Beatty appear at the Paris premiere of their film, “Bonnie and Clyde.” The film premiered in the U.S. in September 1967. The film, starring Beatty and Faye as the fatalistic outlaws, would become a cultural sensation, one of the biggest box office hits up until that point and a 10-time Oscar nominee. But on its initial release on August 13 in the midst of the Summer of Love, “Bonnie and Clyde” was virtually gunned down by bad reviews and a tepid reception at the box office. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz, File) (AP/Anonymous)
U.S. Swimmer Michael Phelps during gold medal ceremony for the men's 200-meter butterfly final during the swimming competitions in the National Aquatics Center at the Beijing 2008 Olympics in Beijing, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008. Phelps set a world record in the event. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)
In 2008, Michael Phelps swam into history as the winningest Olympic athlete ever with his 10th and 11th career gold medals. U.S. Swimmer Michael Phelps during gold medal ceremony for the men’s 200-meter butterfly final during the swimming competitions in the National Aquatics Center at the Beijing 2008 Olympics in Beijing, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008. Phelps set a world record in the event. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Mark J. Terrill)
On this date in 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London at age 90. (AP Photo)
In 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London at age 90.  (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
An American flag flies half-staff in a strong wind at Los Angeles City Hall on Monday, Nov. 16, 2015. The winds followed a front that moved through California during the weekend, dropping rain and snow while lowering temperatures.  Flags fly at half-staff in Los Angeles in honor of victims of terrorist attacks in Paris. (AP Photo/Nick Ut)
In 1846, the American flag was raised in Los Angeles for the first time. An American flag flies half-staff in a strong wind at Los Angeles City Hall on Monday, Nov. 16, 2015. The winds followed a front that moved through California during the weekend, dropping rain and snow while lowering temperatures. Flags fly at half-staff in Los Angeles in honor of victims of terrorist attacks in Paris. (AP Photo/Nick Ut) (AP)
On this date in 1995, Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer; he was 63. He is seen here in 1951. (AP Photo)
In 1995, baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer; he was 63. He is seen here in 1951. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
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East German soldiers, left, set up barbed wire barricades August , 13, 1961 at the border seperating Berlin, Germany, to restrict the travel between the eastern and western part of the German city. West Berlin citizens, right, watch the work.  (AP Photo)
Reps. John Lewis, D-Ga., left, Ron Dellums, D-Calif., right, face reporters on Capitol Hill Sunday, Aug. 13, 1989 where they discuss the reported finding of a plane which carried Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and others aboard in Ethiopia. U.S. officials said no survivors were found. (AP Photo/Doug Mills)
FILE - In this Jan. 24, 1968, file photo,  Faye Dunaway, left, and Warren Beatty appear at the Paris premiere of their film, "Bonnie and Clyde." The film premiered in the U.S. in September 1967. The film, starring Beatty and Faye as the fatalistic outlaws, would become a cultural sensation, one of the biggest box office hits up until that point and a 10-time Oscar nominee. But on its initial release on August 13 in the midst of the Summer of Love, “Bonnie and Clyde” was virtually gunned down by bad reviews and a tepid reception at the box office. (AP Photo/Michel Lipchitz, File)
U.S. Swimmer Michael Phelps during gold medal ceremony for the men's 200-meter butterfly final during the swimming competitions in the National Aquatics Center at the Beijing 2008 Olympics in Beijing, Wednesday, Aug. 13, 2008. Phelps set a world record in the event. (AP Photo/Mark J. Terrill)
On this date in 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London at age 90. (AP Photo)
An American flag flies half-staff in a strong wind at Los Angeles City Hall on Monday, Nov. 16, 2015. The winds followed a front that moved through California during the weekend, dropping rain and snow while lowering temperatures.  Flags fly at half-staff in Los Angeles in honor of victims of terrorist attacks in Paris. (AP Photo/Nick Ut)
On this date in 1995, Baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer; he was 63. He is seen here in 1951. (AP Photo)

Today is Tuesday, Aug. 13, the 225th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On August 13, 1961, East Germany sealed off the border between Berlin’s eastern and western sectors before building a wall that would divide the city for the next 28 years.

On this date:

In 1846, the American flag was raised in Los Angeles for the first time.

In 1860, legendary sharpshooter Annie Oakley was born in Darke County, Ohio.

In 1889, William Gray of Hartford, Conn., received a patent for a coin-operated telephone.

In 1910, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, died in London at age 90.

In 1932, Adolf Hitler rejected the post of vice chancellor of Germany, saying he was prepared to hold out “for all or nothing.”

In 1960, the first two-way telephone conversation by satellite took place with the help of Echo 1. The Central African Republic became totally independent of French rule.

In 1967, the crime caper biopic “Bonnie and Clyde,” starring Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway, had its U.S. premiere; the movie, directed by Arthur Penn, was considered shocking as well as innovative for its graphic portrayal of violence.

In 1989, searchers in Ethiopia found the wreckage of a plane which had disappeared almost a week earlier while carrying Rep. Mickey Leland, D-Texas, and 14 other people – there were no survivors.

In 1995, baseball Hall of Famer Mickey Mantle died at a Dallas hospital of rapidly spreading liver cancer; he was 63.

In 2003, Iraq began pumping crude oil from its northern oil fields for the first time since the start of the war. Libya agreed to set up a $2.7 billion fund for families of the 270 people killed in the 1988 Pan Am bombing.

In 2008, a man barged into the Arkansas Democratic headquarters in Little Rock and opened fire, killing state party chairman Bill Gwatney before speeding off in a pickup. (Police later shot and killed the gunman, Timothy Dale Johnson.) Michael Phelps swam into history as the winningest Olympic athlete ever with his 10th and 11th career gold medals.

In 2017, in a statement, the White House said President Donald Trump “very strongly” condemns individual hate groups such as “white supremacists, KKK and neo-Nazis;” the statement followed criticism of Trump for blaming the previous day’s deadly violence at a white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, on “many sides.” Protesters decrying hatred and racism converged around the country, saying they felt compelled to respond to the white supremacist rally in Virginia.

Ten years ago: The Philadelphia Eagles signed Michael Vick to a one-year deal, prompting criticism from animal rights activists over his role in a dogfighting ring. NFL commissioner Roger Goodell suspended Cleveland Browns receiver Donte Stallworth for the entire season after Stallworth served 24 days in jail for DUI manslaughter in the death of 59-year-old Mario Reyes in Miami.

Five years ago: Six people – including Associated Press video journalist Simone Camilli – were killed when leftover ordnance believed to have been dropped in an Israeli airstrike blew up in the Gaza Strip. Brazilian presidential candidate Eduardo Campos died when the small plane that was carrying him and several campaign officials plunged into a residential neighborhood in the port city of Santos.

One year ago: President Donald Trump dared New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo to challenge him in 2020, warning, “Anybody that runs against Trump suffers.” A lawyer for longtime FBI agent Peter Strzok, who’d been removed from the Russia investigation over anti-Trump text messages, said Strzok had been fired by the agency.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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