Today in History: May 22

A lone resident of the southern Chile town of Castro sits on a curb in the downtown area after the section was hit by devastating earthquakes.  The rubble in the backround was once  business establishments.  (AP Photo/William J. Smith)
In 1960, an earthquake of magnitude 9.5, the strongest ever measured, struck southern Chile, claiming some 1,655 lives. A lone resident of the southern Chile town of Castro sits on a curb in the downtown area after the section was hit by devastating earthquakes. The rubble in the backround was once business establishments. (AP Photo/William J. Smith) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/WILLIAM J. SMITH)
First photo of sunken "USS Scorpion" (SSN589) - The Department of Defense released this picture in Washington, in January 1969, and described it as a view of the top of the bow section, from the  vicinity of the sail (which has been torn off), at left,- to the  tip of the bow, at top cente, the torpedo room hatch is visible about half-way along the length of this hull section, with a lifeline track running after from it, of the submarin Scorpion resting on the botton of the Atlantic Ocean floor 10,000 feet deep, 400 miles southwest of the Azores. The department said the hull of the missing submarin was located and photographed in more than 10,000 feet of water last Oct. 29, 1968, by the researche ship Mizar. The Scorpion was reported missing on May 22, 1968. (AP-Photo/U.S. Navy-HO)   18. Mai 2000
In 1968, the nuclear-powered submarine USS Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, sank in the Atlantic Ocean. (The remains of the sub were later found on the ocean floor 400 miles southwest of the Azores.) First photo of sunken “USS Scorpion” (SSN589) – The Department of Defense released this picture in Washington, in January 1969, and described it as a view of the top of the bow section, from the vicinity of the sail (which has been torn off), at left,- to the tip of the bow, at top cente, the torpedo room hatch is visible about half-way along the length of this hull section, with a lifeline track running after from it, of the submarin Scorpion resting on the botton of the Atlantic Ocean floor 10,000 feet deep, 400 miles southwest of the Azores. The department said the hull of the missing submarin was located and photographed in more than 10,000 feet of water last Oct. 29, 1968, by the researche ship Mizar. The Scorpion was reported missing on May 22, 1968. (AP-Photo/U.S. Navy-HO) 18. Mai 2000 (ASSOCIATED PRESS/HO)
Image shows the three astronauts  of Apollo 10 from left to right.: Eugene A. Cernan, Commander Stafford, John W. Young, USA, May 1969.  (AP Photo)
In 1969, the lunar module of Apollo 10, flew to within nine miles of the moon’s surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing. This AP photo shows the three astronauts of Apollo 10 from left to right.: Eugene A. Cernan, Commander Stafford, John W. Young, USA, May 1969.  (AP Photo) (AP)
Peter William Sutcliffe, 35, is led from Dewsbury Magistrates Court in Dewsbury on Monday, Jan. 5, 1981 under a blanket, by police officers at right two men look from a window. Sutcliffe was remanded in custody for eight days charged with the murder, November 17, 1980 of 20-year-old student Jacqueline Hill, who has been described as the 13th victim of the Yorkshire Ripper. (AP Photo/Pyne)
In 1981, “Yorkshire Ripper” Peter Sutcliffe was convicted in London of murdering 13 women and was sentenced to life in prison. In this photo, Peter William Sutcliffe, 35, is led from Dewsbury Magistrates Court in Dewsbury on Monday, Jan. 5, 1981 under a blanket, by police officers at right two men look from a window. Sutcliffe was remanded in custody for eight days charged with the murder, November 17, 1980 of 20-year-old student Jacqueline Hill, who has been described as the 13th victim of the Yorkshire Ripper. (AP Photo/Pyne) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Pyne)
Brazilian soccer star Pele appears on the ?Tonight Show? with Johnny Carson (NBC-TV) on May 7, 1973 in New York. (AP Photo/Allen Green)
In 1992, after a reign lasting nearly 30 years, Johnny Carson hosted NBC’s “Tonight Show” for the final time (Jay Leno took over as host three days later). In this photo, Brazilian soccer star Pele appears on the “Tonight Show” with Johnny Carson (NBC-TV) on May 7, 1973 in New York. (AP Photo/Allen Green) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Allen Green)
Bill Clinton, Monica Lewinsky
In 1998, a federal judge ruled that Secret Service agents could be compelled to testify before the grand jury in the Monica Lewinsky investigation. In this Nov. 6, 1996 file image taken from video, Monica Lewinsky embraces President Clinton as he greeted well-wishers at a White House lawn party in Washington Nov. 6, 1996. The long-running drama of Hillary Clinton’s marriage _ her husband’s infidelity and how she dealt with it _ is back as a subtext in this year’s presidential race. (AP Photo/APTV) (AP)
Ariana Grande, Miley Cyrus
In 2017, a suicide bomber set off an improvised explosive device that killed 22 people at the end of an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England. In this Sunday, June 4, 2017, handout photo provided by Dave Hogan for One Love Manchester, singers Ariana Grande, right, and Miley Cyrus perform at the One Love Manchester tribute concert in Manchester, north western England, Sunday, June 4, 2017. One Love Manchester is raising money for those affected by the bombing at the end of Ariana Grande’s concert in Manchester on May 22, 2017. (Dave Hogan via AP)
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A lone resident of the southern Chile town of Castro sits on a curb in the downtown area after the section was hit by devastating earthquakes.  The rubble in the backround was once  business establishments.  (AP Photo/William J. Smith)
First photo of sunken "USS Scorpion" (SSN589) - The Department of Defense released this picture in Washington, in January 1969, and described it as a view of the top of the bow section, from the  vicinity of the sail (which has been torn off), at left,- to the  tip of the bow, at top cente, the torpedo room hatch is visible about half-way along the length of this hull section, with a lifeline track running after from it, of the submarin Scorpion resting on the botton of the Atlantic Ocean floor 10,000 feet deep, 400 miles southwest of the Azores. The department said the hull of the missing submarin was located and photographed in more than 10,000 feet of water last Oct. 29, 1968, by the researche ship Mizar. The Scorpion was reported missing on May 22, 1968. (AP-Photo/U.S. Navy-HO)   18. Mai 2000
Image shows the three astronauts  of Apollo 10 from left to right.: Eugene A. Cernan, Commander Stafford, John W. Young, USA, May 1969.  (AP Photo)
Peter William Sutcliffe, 35, is led from Dewsbury Magistrates Court in Dewsbury on Monday, Jan. 5, 1981 under a blanket, by police officers at right two men look from a window. Sutcliffe was remanded in custody for eight days charged with the murder, November 17, 1980 of 20-year-old student Jacqueline Hill, who has been described as the 13th victim of the Yorkshire Ripper. (AP Photo/Pyne)
Brazilian soccer star Pele appears on the ?Tonight Show? with Johnny Carson (NBC-TV) on May 7, 1973 in New York. (AP Photo/Allen Green)
Bill Clinton, Monica Lewinsky
Ariana Grande, Miley Cyrus

Today is Wednesday, May 22, the 142nd day of 2019. There are 223 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 22, 1992, after a reign lasting nearly 30 years, Johnny Carson hosted NBC’s “Tonight Show” for the final time (Jay Leno took over as host three days later).

On this date:

In 1868, a major train robbery took place near Marshfield, Indiana, as members of the Reno gang made off with $96,000 in loot.

In 1939, the foreign ministers of Germany and Italy, Joachim von Ribbentrop and Galeazzo Ciano, signed a “Pact of Steel” committing the two countries to a military alliance.

In 1960, an earthquake of magnitude 9.5, the strongest ever measured, struck southern Chile, claiming some 1,655 lives.

In 1962, Continental Airlines Flight 11, en route from Chicago to Kansas City, Missouri, crashed after a bomb apparently brought on board by a passenger exploded, killing all 45 occupants of the Boeing 707.

In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson, speaking at the University of Michigan, outlined the goals of his “Great Society,” saying that it “rests on abundance and liberty for all” and “demands an end to poverty and racial injustice.”

In 1968, the nuclear-powered submarine USS Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, sank in the Atlantic Ocean. (The remains of the sub were later found on the ocean floor 400 miles southwest of the Azores.)

In 1969, the lunar module of Apollo 10, with Thomas P. Stafford and Eugene Cernan aboard, flew to within nine miles of the moon’s surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.

In 1981 “Yorkshire Ripper” Peter Sutcliffe was convicted in London of murdering 13 women and was sentenced to life in prison.

In 1998, a federal judge ruled that Secret Service agents could be compelled to testify before the grand jury in the Monica Lewinsky investigation. Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland turned out to cast ballots giving resounding approval to a Northern Ireland peace accord.

In 2001, Ford Motor Co. said it planned to spend more than $2 billion to replace up to 13 million Firestone tires on its vehicles because of safety concerns.

In 2011, a tornado devastated Joplin, Missouri, with winds up to 250 mph, claiming at least 159 lives and destroying about 8,000 homes and businesses.

In 2017, a suicide bomber set off an improvised explosive device that killed 22 people at the end of an Ariana Grande concert in Manchester, England.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama promised graduating midshipmen at the U.S. Naval Academy that, as their commander in chief, he would only send them “into harm’s way when it is absolutely necessary.” Vice President Joe Biden arrived in Lebanon to reinforce U.S. support for the government ahead of key parliamentary elections.

Five years ago: The U.S. House of Representatives passed legislation to end the National Security Agency’s bulk collection of American phone records (however, the USA Freedom Act was later blocked in the Senate.) Thailand’s military seized power in a bloodless coup.

One year ago: Stacey Abrams won Georgia’s Democratic gubernatorial primary, making her the first woman nominee for Georgia governor from either major party. (Abrams, seeking to become the nation’s first black female governor, was defeated in November by Republican Brian Kemp.) Novelist Philip Roth, whose books included “Portnoy’s Complaint” and the Pulitzer Prize-winning “American Pastoral,” died in New York at the age of 85. A judge in upstate New York ordered a 30-year-old man to move out of his parents’ house after they went to court to have him ejected.

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© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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