Today in History: March 22

Shown are notes written by Benjamin Franklin in a bound pamphlet about the Stamp Act, Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2006, in Philadelphia, which is one title from a collection of books once owned by Franklin.  The Library Company of Philadelphia next month expects to publish a catalog of more than 3,700 titles from Franklin's extensive private library. (AP Photo/Joseph Kaczmarek)
In 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to raise money from the American colonies, which fiercely resisted the tax. (The Stamp Act was repealed a year later.) Shown are notes written by Benjamin Franklin in a bound pamphlet about the Stamp Act, Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2006, in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Joseph Kaczmarek) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/JOSEPH KACZMAREK)
Yvan Cournoyer, captain of the Montreal Canadiens, holds the Stanley Cup as he is surrounded by teammates in Philadelphia, Pa., Sunday night, May 16, 1976.  Montreal beat the Philadelphia Flyers to take the final series of the cup.  (AP Photo)
In 1894, hockey’s first Stanley Cup championship game was played; home team Montreal defeated Ottawa, 3-1. In this 1976 photo, Yvan Cournoyer, captain of the Canadiens, holds the Stanley Cup as he is surrounded by teammates in Philadelphia, Pa., Sunday night, May 16, 1976. Montreal beat the Philadelphia Flyers to take the final series of the cup. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Cullen-Harrison Act, or "Beer Bill", March 22, 1933, which will permit the sale of beer and wine containing 3.2% alcohol starting April 6.  He is seen with the Congressional sponsors of the bill, from left to right:  Representatives Claude V. Parsons of Illinois and John McCormack of Massachusetts; H.V. Hesselman, clerk in charge of enrolling bills; Representatives John Joseph O'Connor and Thomas Henry Cullen of New York; and Adolph Sabath of Illinois.  (AP Photo)
In 1933, during Prohibition, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure to make wine and beer containing up to 3.2 percent alcohol legal. Here, Roosevelt signs the Cullen-Harrison Act, or “Beer Bill”, March 22, 1933, which will permit the sale of beer and wine containing 3.2% alcohol starting April 6. (AP Photo) (AP)
FILE - In this June 1, 2011 file photo, students on a field trip eat lunch as water is released from Grand Coulee Dam, Wash. The Grand Coulee Dam, a product of the Great Depression, is getting a major facelift as federal operators seek to squeeze even more power out of the nation's largest hydroelectric dam. (AP Photo/Nicholas K. Geranios)
In 1941, the Grand Coulee hydroelectric dam in Washington state officially went into operation. In this June 1, 2011 file photo, students on a field trip eat lunch as water is released from Grand Coulee Dam, Wash.  (AP Photo/Nicholas K. Geranios) (AP/Nicholas K. Geranios)
FILE - In this March 18, 1991 file photo, Pamela Smart, 23, takes the oath before sitting in the witness stand in Rockingham County Superior Court in Exeter, N.H.  William  Flynn was moved to a minimum-security prison this past week as part of a work-release program. At 15, he began a torrid affair with Pamela Smart, his teacher for a self-esteem course at his high school. Flynn was convicted of killing Gregg Smart in May 1990, a week before the couple’s wedding anniversary. Smart was also convicted and is serving a life sentence. Flynn was sentenced to 28 years in prison. (AP Photo/Jon Pierre Lasseigne,File)
In 1991, high school instructor Pamela Smart, accused of recruiting her teenage lover and his friends to kill her husband, Gregory, was convicted in Exeter, New Hampshire, of murder-conspiracy and being an accomplice to murder and was sentenced to life in prison without parole. In this March 18, 1991 file photo, Smart takes the oath before sitting in the witness stand in Rockingham County Superior Court in Exeter, N.H. (AP Photo/Jon Pierre Lasseigne,File) (AP/Jon Pierre Lasseigne)
FILE - In this Oct. 26, 1965 file photo The Beatles, from left: Ringo Starr, John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison smile as they display the Member of The Order of The British Empire medals presented to them by Queen Elizabeth II in a ceremony in Buckingham Palace in London, England. The Beatles' psychedelic masterwork "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" has been named the most popular British album in history. (AP Photo, File)
In 1963, The Beatles’ debut album, “Please Please Me,” was released in the United Kingdom by Parlophone. FILE – In this Oct. 26, 1965 file photo The Beatles, from left: Ringo Starr, John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison smile as they display the Member of The Order of The British Empire medals presented to them by Queen Elizabeth II in a ceremony in Buckingham Palace in London, England. The Beatles’ psychedelic masterwork “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band” has been named the most popular British album in history. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
FILE - In this April 11, 1989, file photo, thick crude oil that washed up on the cobble beach of Evans Island sticks to the boots and pants of a local fisherman in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The Exxon Valdez tanker oil spill on March 24 blackened hundreds of miles of coastline. (AP Photo/John Gaps III, File)
In 1990, a jury in Anchorage, Alaska, found former tanker captain Joseph Hazelwood not guilty of three major charges in connection with the Exxon Valdez oil spill, but convicted him of a minor charge of negligent discharge of oil. FILE – In this April 11, 1989, file photo, thick crude oil that washed up on the cobble beach of Evans Island sticks to the boots and pants of a local fisherman in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The Exxon Valdez tanker oil spill on March 24 blackened hundreds of miles of coastline. (AP Photo/John Gaps III, File) (AP/JOHN GAPS III)
New world champion Tara Lipinski reacts after her free program at the World Figure Skating Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland on Saturday, March 22, 1997. The 14-year-old Lipinski is the youngest ever to win the world title. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)
In 1997, Tara Lipinski, at age 14 years and ten months, became the youngest ladies’ world figure skating champion in Lausanne, Switzerland. New world champion Tara Lipinski reacts after her free program at the World Figure Skating Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland on Saturday, March 22, 1997. The 14-year-old Lipinski is the youngest ever to win the world title. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/LYNNE SLADKY)
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Shown are notes written by Benjamin Franklin in a bound pamphlet about the Stamp Act, Wednesday, Feb. 22, 2006, in Philadelphia, which is one title from a collection of books once owned by Franklin.  The Library Company of Philadelphia next month expects to publish a catalog of more than 3,700 titles from Franklin's extensive private library. (AP Photo/Joseph Kaczmarek)
Yvan Cournoyer, captain of the Montreal Canadiens, holds the Stanley Cup as he is surrounded by teammates in Philadelphia, Pa., Sunday night, May 16, 1976.  Montreal beat the Philadelphia Flyers to take the final series of the cup.  (AP Photo)
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Cullen-Harrison Act, or "Beer Bill", March 22, 1933, which will permit the sale of beer and wine containing 3.2% alcohol starting April 6.  He is seen with the Congressional sponsors of the bill, from left to right:  Representatives Claude V. Parsons of Illinois and John McCormack of Massachusetts; H.V. Hesselman, clerk in charge of enrolling bills; Representatives John Joseph O'Connor and Thomas Henry Cullen of New York; and Adolph Sabath of Illinois.  (AP Photo)
FILE - In this June 1, 2011 file photo, students on a field trip eat lunch as water is released from Grand Coulee Dam, Wash. The Grand Coulee Dam, a product of the Great Depression, is getting a major facelift as federal operators seek to squeeze even more power out of the nation's largest hydroelectric dam. (AP Photo/Nicholas K. Geranios)
FILE - In this March 18, 1991 file photo, Pamela Smart, 23, takes the oath before sitting in the witness stand in Rockingham County Superior Court in Exeter, N.H.  William  Flynn was moved to a minimum-security prison this past week as part of a work-release program. At 15, he began a torrid affair with Pamela Smart, his teacher for a self-esteem course at his high school. Flynn was convicted of killing Gregg Smart in May 1990, a week before the couple’s wedding anniversary. Smart was also convicted and is serving a life sentence. Flynn was sentenced to 28 years in prison. (AP Photo/Jon Pierre Lasseigne,File)
FILE - In this Oct. 26, 1965 file photo The Beatles, from left: Ringo Starr, John Lennon, Paul McCartney and George Harrison smile as they display the Member of The Order of The British Empire medals presented to them by Queen Elizabeth II in a ceremony in Buckingham Palace in London, England. The Beatles' psychedelic masterwork "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band" has been named the most popular British album in history. (AP Photo, File)
FILE - In this April 11, 1989, file photo, thick crude oil that washed up on the cobble beach of Evans Island sticks to the boots and pants of a local fisherman in Prince William Sound, Alaska. The Exxon Valdez tanker oil spill on March 24 blackened hundreds of miles of coastline. (AP Photo/John Gaps III, File)
New world champion Tara Lipinski reacts after her free program at the World Figure Skating Championships in Lausanne, Switzerland on Saturday, March 22, 1997. The 14-year-old Lipinski is the youngest ever to win the world title. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)

Today is Friday, March 22, the 81st day of 2019.

Today’s Highlights in History:

On March 22, 1765, the British Parliament passed the Stamp Act to raise money from the American colonies, which fiercely resisted the tax. (The Stamp Act was repealed a year later.)

On this date:

In 1882, President Chester Alan Arthur signed a measure outlawing polygamy.

In 1894, hockey’s first Stanley Cup championship game was played; home team Montreal defeated Ottawa, 3-1.

In 1933, during Prohibition, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a measure to make wine and beer containing up to 3.2 percent alcohol legal.

In 1941, the Grand Coulee hydroelectric dam in Washington state officially went into operation.

In 1963, The Beatles’ debut album, “Please Please Me,” was released in the United Kingdom by Parlophone.

In 1968, President Lyndon B. Johnson announced that Gen. William C. Westmoreland, the commander of American forces in Vietnam, would leave that post to become the U.S. Army’s new Chief of Staff. Students at the University of Nanterre in suburban Paris occupied the school’s administration building in a prelude to massive protests in France that began the following May. The first Red Lobster restaurant opened in Lakeland, Florida.

In 1978, Karl Wallenda, the 73-year-old patriarch of “The Flying Wallendas” high-wire act, fell to his death while attempting to walk a cable strung between two hotel towers in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

In 1988, both houses of Congress overrode President Ronald Reagan’s veto of the Civil Rights Restoration Act.

In 1990, a jury in Anchorage, Alaska, found former tanker captain Joseph Hazelwood not guilty of three major charges in connection with the Exxon Valdez oil spill, but convicted him of a minor charge of negligent discharge of oil.

In 1991, high school instructor Pamela Smart, accused of recruiting her teenage lover and his friends to kill her husband, Gregory, was convicted in Exeter, New Hampshire, of murder-conspiracy and being an accomplice to murder and was sentenced to life in prison without parole.

In 1997, Tara Lipinski, at age 14 years and ten months, became the youngest ladies’ world figure skating champion in Lausanne, Switzerland.

In 2004, Hamas spiritual leader Sheik Ahmed Yassin (shayk AKH’-mehd yah-SEEN’) was killed in an Israeli airstrike in Gaza City, enraging Palestinians. Terry Nichols went on trial for his life in the Oklahoma City bombing. (Nichols, already serving a life sentence for his conviction on federal charges, was found guilty of 161 state murder charges, but was again spared the death penalty when the jury couldn’t agree on his sentence.)

Ten years ago: A single-engine turboprop plane headed to a Montana ski resort nose-dived into a cemetery short of a runway in Butte, killing all 14 aboard, including seven children. The Mount Redoubt volcano in Alaska began erupting (it took about six months to settle down). Friends and family gathered in a small Hudson Valley, N.Y., town to say a final farewell to Tony Award-winning actress Natasha Richardson, 45, who had died in a skiing accident.

Five years ago: A massive mudslide in Oso, Washington, killed 43 people and destroyed or damaged four dozen homes. A barge and cargo ship collision in the Houston Ship Channel dumped nearly 170,000 gallons of heavy fuel oil. Pope Francis named the first members of a commission to advise him on sex abuse policy. The Los Angeles Dodgers opened the Major League Baseball season with a 3-1 win over the Arizona Diamondbacks at Sydney Cricket Ground in MLB’s first regular-season game in Australia.

One year ago: President Donald Trump announced that he would replace national security adviser H.R. McMaster with former U.N. Ambassador John Bolton; McMaster became the sixth close Trump adviser or aide to depart in a turbulent six weeks. Trump set in motion tariffs on as much as $60 billion in Chinese imports, and China threatened retaliation; the heightening trade tensions brought a selloff on Wall Street, where the Dow industrials plunged more than 700 points. H. Wayne Huizenga, a college dropout who built a business empire that included Blockbuster Entertainment and three professional sports franchises, died at his Florida home at the age of 80.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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