Today in History: March 14

This is an undated sketch of American inventor Eli Whitney. Whitney invented the cotton-gin, which separated the cotton fibre from the seeds. It was patented in 1793. (AP Photo)
On March 14, 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America’s cotton industry. This is an undated sketch of American inventor Eli Whitney. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Nightclub owner Jack Ruby is led through the Dallas city jail on his way to his arraignment in Dallas, Tex. on Nov. 24, 1963.  Ruby was charged for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the man accused with assassinating John F. Kennedy.  Others are unidentified.  (AP Photo)
In 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. Both the conviction and death sentence were overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried. Here, Ruby is led through the Dallas city jail on his way to his arraignment in Dallas, Tex. on Nov. 24, 1963. (AP Photo) (AP)
On the 40th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, visitors pay their respects at Kennedy's gravesite in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va., Saturday, Nov. 22, 2003. Members of the slain president's family visited in private at dawn before the cemetery was opened to the public.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery. Here, on the 40th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, visitors pay their respects at Kennedy’s gravesite in Arlington National Cemetery Nov. 22, 2003. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/J. SCOTT APPLEWHITE)
FILE - In this file photo dated Wednesday Aug. 29, 2012, British physicist, Professor Stephen Hawking speaks during the Opening Ceremony for the 2012 Paralympics in London. British regulators have barred Stephen Hawking’s former nurse from practicing after finding she failed to provide appropriate care to the late physicist. The Nursing and Midwifery Council said Tuesday, March 12, 2019 that it had struck off Patricia Dowdy for failing “to provide the standards of good, professional care that we expect and Professor Hawking deserved.’’ (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, File)
In 2018, Stephen Hawking, the best-known theoretical physicist of his time, died at his home in Cambridge, England, at the age of 76; he had stunned doctors by living with the normally fatal illness ALS for more than 50 years. FILE – In this file photo dated Wednesday Aug. 29, 2012, British physicist, Professor Stephen Hawking speaks during the Opening Ceremony for the 2012 Paralympics in London. British regulators have barred Stephen Hawking’s former nurse from practicing after finding she failed to provide appropriate care to the late physicist. The Nursing and Midwifery Council said Tuesday, March 12, 2019 that it had struck off Patricia Dowdy for failing “to provide the standards of good, professional care that we expect and Professor Hawking deserved.’’ (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, File) (AP/Matt Dunham)
The Kerch bridge span opens for the passage of ships entrance, near in Kerch, Crimea, Monday, Nov. 26, 2018. The Ukrainian parliament is set to consider a presidential request for the introduction of martial law in Ukraine following an incident in which Russian coast guard ships fired on Ukrainian navy vessels. (AP Photo)
In 2014, the West braced for a vote by the Crimean Peninsula to secede from Ukraine; calling the results all but a foregone conclusion, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry urged Russia’s parliament against accepting any offer to claim Crimea as its own. The Kerch bridge span opens for the passage of ships entrance, near in Kerch, Crimea, Monday, Nov. 26, 2018. The Ukrainian parliament is set to consider a presidential request for the introduction of martial law in Ukraine following an incident in which Russian coast guard ships fired on Ukrainian navy vessels. (AP Photo) (AP)
Mikhail Gorbachev, the final leader of the Soviet Union, signs the decree relinquishing control of nuclear weapons to Boris Yeltsin at the Kremlin in Moscow, Wednesday, Dec. 25, 1991. Gorbachev, whose reforms gave Soviet citizens freedom, ended the Cold War and ultimately led to the destruction of his nation. He resigned on Wednesday as president of an empire that no longer exists. (AP Photo/Liu Heung Shing)
In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies held a secret ballot that elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new, powerful presidency. Mikhail Gorbachev, the final leader of the Soviet Union, signs the decree relinquishing control of nuclear weapons to Boris Yeltsin at the Kremlin in Moscow, Wednesday, Dec. 25, 1991. Gorbachev, whose reforms gave Soviet citizens freedom, ended the Cold War and ultimately led to the destruction of his nation. He resigned on Wednesday as president of an empire that no longer exists. (AP Photo/Liu Heung Shing) (AP/Liu Heung Shing)
FILE - Students at Roosevelt High School take part in a protest against gun violence Wednesday, March 14, 2018, in Seattle. Politicians in Washington state are joining students who walked out of class to protest against gun violence. It was part of a nationwide school walkout that calls for stricter gun laws following the massacre of 17 people at a Florida high school. (AP Photo/Manuel Valdes)
In 2018, tens of thousands of students across the country walked out of their classrooms to demand action on gun violence and school safety; the action came a month after the shooting that killed 17 people at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. FILE – Students at Roosevelt High School take part in a protest against gun violence Wednesday, March 14, 2018, in Seattle. Politicians in Washington state are joining students who walked out of class to protest against gun violence. It was part of a nationwide school walkout that calls for stricter gun laws following the massacre of 17 people at a Florida high school. (AP Photo/Manuel Valdes) (AP/Manuel Valdes)
(1/8)
This is an undated sketch of American inventor Eli Whitney. Whitney invented the cotton-gin, which separated the cotton fibre from the seeds. It was patented in 1793. (AP Photo)
Nightclub owner Jack Ruby is led through the Dallas city jail on his way to his arraignment in Dallas, Tex. on Nov. 24, 1963.  Ruby was charged for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the man accused with assassinating John F. Kennedy.  Others are unidentified.  (AP Photo)
On the 40th anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, visitors pay their respects at Kennedy's gravesite in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va., Saturday, Nov. 22, 2003. Members of the slain president's family visited in private at dawn before the cemetery was opened to the public.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
FILE - In this file photo dated Wednesday Aug. 29, 2012, British physicist, Professor Stephen Hawking speaks during the Opening Ceremony for the 2012 Paralympics in London. British regulators have barred Stephen Hawking’s former nurse from practicing after finding she failed to provide appropriate care to the late physicist. The Nursing and Midwifery Council said Tuesday, March 12, 2019 that it had struck off Patricia Dowdy for failing “to provide the standards of good, professional care that we expect and Professor Hawking deserved.’’ (AP Photo/Matt Dunham, File)
The Kerch bridge span opens for the passage of ships entrance, near in Kerch, Crimea, Monday, Nov. 26, 2018. The Ukrainian parliament is set to consider a presidential request for the introduction of martial law in Ukraine following an incident in which Russian coast guard ships fired on Ukrainian navy vessels. (AP Photo)
Mikhail Gorbachev, the final leader of the Soviet Union, signs the decree relinquishing control of nuclear weapons to Boris Yeltsin at the Kremlin in Moscow, Wednesday, Dec. 25, 1991. Gorbachev, whose reforms gave Soviet citizens freedom, ended the Cold War and ultimately led to the destruction of his nation. He resigned on Wednesday as president of an empire that no longer exists. (AP Photo/Liu Heung Shing)
FILE - Students at Roosevelt High School take part in a protest against gun violence Wednesday, March 14, 2018, in Seattle. Politicians in Washington state are joining students who walked out of class to protest against gun violence. It was part of a nationwide school walkout that calls for stricter gun laws following the massacre of 17 people at a Florida high school. (AP Photo/Manuel Valdes)

Today is Thursday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On March 14, 1964, a jury in Dallas found Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentenced him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)

On this date:

In 1794, Eli Whitney received a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionized America’s cotton industry.

In 1883, German political philosopher Karl Marx died in London at age 64.

In 1885, the Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera “The Mikado” premiered at the Savoy Theatre in London.

In 1900, Congress ratified the Gold Standard Act.

In 1907, President Theodore Roosevelt signed an executive order designed to prevent Japanese laborers from immigrating to the United States as part of a “gentlemen’s agreement” with Japan.

In 1962, Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launched in Boston his successful candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)

In 1965, Israel’s cabinet formally approved establishment of diplomatic relations with West Germany.

In 1967, the body of President John F. Kennedy was moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia.

In 1980, a LOT Polish Airlines jet crashed while attempting to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.

In 1990, the Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies held a secret ballot that elected Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new, powerful presidency.

In 1998, India’s Congress party picked Sonia Gandhi, the Italian-born widow of assassinated prime minister Rajiv Gandhi, as its new president.

In 2008, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama denounced inflammatory remarks from his pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah Wright, who had railed against the United States and accused its leaders of bringing on the Sept. 11 attacks by spreading terrorism.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama met at the White House with Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (loo-EEZ’ ee-NAH’-see-oh LOO’-luh duh SEEL’-vuh); afterward, Obama downplayed divisions between the U.S. and Europe over how to tackle the world’s financial crisis. Finance officials from rich and developing countries, meeting in Horsham, England, pledged to do “whatever is necessary” to fix the global economy. Altovise Joanne Gore Davis, a dancer and actress and the widow of Sammy Davis Jr., died in Los Angeles at age 65.

Five years ago: The West braced for a vote by the Crimean Peninsula to secede from Ukraine; calling the results all but a foregone conclusion, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry urged Russia’s parliament against accepting any offer to claim Crimea as its own. Tony Benn, 88, a committed socialist who irritated and fascinated Britons through a political career spanning five decades, died in London.

One year ago: Tens of thousands of students across the country walked out of their classrooms to demand action on gun violence and school safety; the action came a month after the shooting that killed 17 people at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. Stephen Hawking, the best-known theoretical physicist of his time, died at his home in Cambridge, England, at the age of 76; he had stunned doctors by living with the normally fatal illness ALS for more than 50 years. President Donald Trump chose Larry Kudlow, a longtime fixture on the CNBC business news network, to be his top economic aide.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

More from WTOP

Log in to your WTOP account for notifications and alerts customized for you.

Sign up