Today in History: Dec. 9

Pictured in this Friday, Nov. 18, 2011 photo in Chicago is the first 1935 Downtown Athletic Club trophy awarded to University of Chicago's Jay Berwanger. Following the death of John Heisman in 1936, who was the Director of Athletics at the Downtown Athletic Club, the award was renamed the Heisman Memorial Trophy. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)
In 1935, the Downtown Athletic Club of New York honored college football player Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago with the DAC Trophy, which later became known as the Heisman Trophy. The original trophy is seen here. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Charles Rex Arbogast)
Robert Welch, founder and president of the John Birch Society, is shown on May 15, 1961.  The location is not known.  (AP Photo)
In 1958, the anti-communist John Birch Society was formed in Indianapolis. Here, Robert Welch, founder and president of the John Birch Society, is shown on May 15, 1961. The location is not known. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
A storm rolls in over the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona, Oct. 6, 2001, showing off the unique purplish-blue hills of the Blue Mesa trail. The 93,533-acre park is located in eastern Arizona, 25 miles north of Holbrook. (AP Photo/Alisa Blackwood)
In 1962, the Petrified Forest in Arizona was designated a national park. Here, a storm rolls in over the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona, Oct. 6, 2001, showing off the unique purplish-blue hills of the Blue Mesa trail. The 93,533-acre park is located in eastern Arizona, 25 miles north of Holbrook. (AP Photo/Alisa Blackwood) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/ALISA BLACKWOOD)
In this promotional image provided by ABC TV, Charlie Brown and Linus appear in a scene from "A Charlie Brown Christmas, which ABC will air Dec. 6 and Dec. 16 to commemorate the classic animated cartoon's 40th anniversary. The animated special was created by late cartoonist Charles M. Schulz in 1965. (AP Photo/ABC,  1965 United Feature Syndicate Inc.)
In 1965, “A Charlie Brown Christmas,” the first animated TV special featuring characters from the “Peanuts” comic strip by Charles M. Schulz, was first broadcast on CBS. (AP Photo/ABC, 1965 United Feature Syndicate Inc.) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/CHARLES M. SCHULTZ)
FILE--Britain's Prince and Princess of Wales are seen at a memorial service during their tour of Korea in this November 3, 1992 file photo. The world may be watching when the royal divorce becomes final Wedensday, August 28, 1996, but Charles and Diana will be as far apart as they were in the bad old days of their marriage. He will be secluded in Scotland and she will be at a charity lunch in London. (AP Photo)
In 1992, Britain’s Prince Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation. The couple’s divorce became final Aug. 28, 1996. Here, they are seen at a memorial service during their tour of Korea in this Nov. 3, 1992 file photo. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Lech Walesa
In 1990, Solidarity founder Lech Walesa won Poland’s presidential runoff by a landslide. Polish pro-democracy campaigner and Nobel Peace Prize winner Lech Walesa addresses a crowd of right-wing government opponents in Warsaw, Poland, Wednesday, July 4, 2018. Poland’s international isolation and political uncertainty at home has deepened as a purge of the Supreme Court’s justices took effect, with the chief justice defiantly refusing to step down. First President Malgorzata Gersdorf arrived for work as usual at the court in Warsaw, vowing to continue her constitutionally mandated term, which runs through 2020. (AP Photo/Czarek Sokolowski) (AP/Czarek Sokolowski)
Rod Blagojevich
In 2008, Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich (blah-GOY’-uh-vich) was arrested after prosecutors said he was caught on wiretaps scheming to sell Barack Obama’s vacant Senate seat for cash or a plum job for himself in the new administration.(Blagojevich was convicted of wide-ranging corruption in 2011 and sentenced to 14 years in prison.) FILE – In this July 15, 2011 file photo, former Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich arrives at the federal courthouse in Chicago. Blagojevich is asking a U.S. appeals court to nullify his 14-year prison term and order a third sentencing hearing. Attorneys for the Chicago Democrat filed the 50-page appeal late Tuesday, Dec. 20, 2016, night with the 7th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast, File) (AP)
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Pictured in this Friday, Nov. 18, 2011 photo in Chicago is the first 1935 Downtown Athletic Club trophy awarded to University of Chicago's Jay Berwanger. Following the death of John Heisman in 1936, who was the Director of Athletics at the Downtown Athletic Club, the award was renamed the Heisman Memorial Trophy. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast)
Robert Welch, founder and president of the John Birch Society, is shown on May 15, 1961.  The location is not known.  (AP Photo)
A storm rolls in over the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona, Oct. 6, 2001, showing off the unique purplish-blue hills of the Blue Mesa trail. The 93,533-acre park is located in eastern Arizona, 25 miles north of Holbrook. (AP Photo/Alisa Blackwood)
In this promotional image provided by ABC TV, Charlie Brown and Linus appear in a scene from "A Charlie Brown Christmas, which ABC will air Dec. 6 and Dec. 16 to commemorate the classic animated cartoon's 40th anniversary. The animated special was created by late cartoonist Charles M. Schulz in 1965. (AP Photo/ABC,  1965 United Feature Syndicate Inc.)
FILE--Britain's Prince and Princess of Wales are seen at a memorial service during their tour of Korea in this November 3, 1992 file photo. The world may be watching when the royal divorce becomes final Wedensday, August 28, 1996, but Charles and Diana will be as far apart as they were in the bad old days of their marriage. He will be secluded in Scotland and she will be at a charity lunch in London. (AP Photo)
Lech Walesa
Rod Blagojevich

Today is Sunday, Dec. 9, the 343rd day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Dec. 9, 1987, the first Palestinian intefadeh, or uprising, began as riots broke out in Gaza and spread to the West Bank, triggering a strong Israeli response.

On this date:

In 1608, English poet John Milton was born in London.

In 1917, British forces captured Jerusalem from the Ottoman Turks.

In 1935, the Downtown Athletic Club of New York honored college football player Jay Berwanger of the University of Chicago with the DAC Trophy, which later became known as the Heisman Trophy.

In 1940, British troops opened their first major offensive in North Africa during World War II.

In 1958, the anti-communist John Birch Society was formed in Indianapolis.

In 1962, the Petrified Forest in Arizona was designated a national park.

In 1965, “A Charlie Brown Christmas,” the first animated TV special featuring characters from the “Peanuts” comic strip by Charles M. Schulz, premiered on CBS.

In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford signed a $2.3 billion seasonal loan-authorization that officials of New York City and State said would prevent a city default.

In 1984, the five-day-old hijacking of a Kuwaiti jetliner that claimed the lives of two Americans ended as Iranian security men seized control of the plane, which was parked at Tehran airport.

In 1990, Solidarity founder Lech Walesa (lek vah-WEN’-sah) won Poland’s presidential runoff by a landslide.

In 1992, Britain’s Prince Charles and Princess Diana announced their separation. (The couple’s divorce became final in Aug. 1996.)

In 2000, the U-S Supreme Court ordered a temporary halt in the Florida vote count on which Al Gore pinned his best hopes of winning the White House.

Ten years ago: Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich (blah-GOY’-uh-vich) was arrested after prosecutors said he was caught on wiretaps scheming to sell Barack Obama’s vacant Senate seat for cash or a plum job for himself in the new administration.(Blagojevich was convicted of wide-ranging corruption in 2011 and sentenced to 14 years in prison.) NBC announced that “Tonight Show” host Jay Leno would be moving to prime time.

Five years ago: North Korea announced it had sacked leader Kim Jong Un’s uncle, Jang Song Thaek, long considered the country’s No. 2 power, for leading a “dissolute and depraved life” (Jang was reportedly executed three days later). Scientists revealed that NASA’s Curiosity rover had uncovered signs of an ancient freshwater lake on Mars. Retired managers Joe Torre, Tony La Russa and Bobby Cox were unanimously elected to the baseball Hall of Fame by the expansion era committee. Actress Eleanor Parker, 91, who played a scheming baroness in “The Sound of Music,” died in Palm Springs, California.

One year ago: After more than three years of combat operations, Iraq announced that the fight against the Islamic State group was over, and that Iraq’s security forces had driven the extremists from all of the territory they once held. Oklahoma quarterback Baker Mayfield became the sixth Sooner to win college football’s Heisman Trophy.

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