Today in history: Sept. 5

FILE - This is a 1962 photo of writer Jack Kerouac.  Fans of beat generation writer  Kerouac can celebrate the "On the Road" author's birthday at a series of events in his Massachusetts hometown. Saturday, March 12, 2017 would have been Kerouac's 95th birthday.(AP Photo)
In 1957, the novel “On the Road,” by Jack Kerouac, was first published by Viking Press. (AP Photo) (AP)
FILE - In this April 2, 2012 file photo, Mexican President Felipe Calderon participates in a joint news conference with President Barack Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper,  in the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington. The government said Thursday that 68,000 guns recovered by Mexican authorities in the past five years have been traced back to the United States. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)
In  2006, Felipe Calderon was declared Mexico’s president-elect after two months of uncertainty over a disputed election. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File) (AP/Carolyn Kaster)
In this undated file photo, France's battle torn Marne district is seen during World War I. Weeks after World War I erupted, with the capital of Paris under threat from German invaders, French military chiefs devised a novel way for soldiers to travel to the front lines: by taxi. To that end, they requisitioned hundreds of cabs, and their drivers were charged with the risky mission of getting thousands of troops to the battlefield. (AP Photo, File)
In 1914, the First Battle of the Marne, resulting in a French-British victory over Germany, began during World War I. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
A house destroyed by Hurricane Fran is seen at North Topsail Beach, N.C., Friday, Sept. 6, 1996, after the hurricane hit the North Carolina coast Thursday night. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
In 1996, Hurricane Fran reached Cape Fear, North Carolina, hours before barreling ashore. (The National Weather Service says 26 deaths were caused by Fran, 14 of them in North Carolina.) (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer) (Associated Press/RICK BOWMER)
Iva Iuka Toguri, 30-year-old graduate of the University of California, known to thousands of  soldiers in the Pacific area as Tokyo Rose through her propaganda broadcasts for the Japanese.   She rests after an interview on Sept. 5, 1945 in Tokyo following her capture by American Forces.  (AP Photo/pool)
Iva Iuka Toguri, 30-year-old graduate of the University of California, known to thousands of soldiers in the Pacific area as Tokyo Rose through her propaganda broadcasts for the Japanese. She rests after an interview on Sept. 5, 1945 in Tokyo following her capture by American Forces. (AP Photo/pool) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Anonymous)
FILE - In this Sept. 5, 1972, file photo, a member of the Arab Commando group which seized members of the Israeli Olympic Team at their quarters at the Munich Olympic Village appears with a hood over his face on the balcony of the village building where the commandos held several members of the Israeli team hostage.  (AP Photo/Kurt Strumpf, File)
FILE – In this Sept. 5, 1972, file photo, a member of the Arab Commando group which seized members of the Israeli Olympic Team at their quarters at the Munich Olympic Village appears with a hood over his face on the balcony of the village building where the commandos held several members of the Israeli team hostage. (AP Photo/Kurt Strumpf, File) (AP/Kurt Strumpf)
U.S. Secret Service agents put handcuffs on Lynette Fromme after she allegedly pointed a gun at President Gerald Ford as he walked from his hotel to the State Capitol building in Sacramento, Ca., on Sept. 5, 1975.  The agent holding Fromme at center, wearing dark glasses, is Larry Bruendorf.  (AP Photo)
U.S. Secret Service agents put handcuffs on Lynette Fromme after she allegedly pointed a gun at President Gerald Ford as he walked from his hotel to the State Capitol building in Sacramento, Ca., on Sept. 5, 1975. The agent holding Fromme at center, wearing dark glasses, is Larry Bruendorf. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
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FILE - This is a 1962 photo of writer Jack Kerouac.  Fans of beat generation writer  Kerouac can celebrate the "On the Road" author's birthday at a series of events in his Massachusetts hometown. Saturday, March 12, 2017 would have been Kerouac's 95th birthday.(AP Photo)
FILE - In this April 2, 2012 file photo, Mexican President Felipe Calderon participates in a joint news conference with President Barack Obama and Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper,  in the Rose Garden at the White House in Washington. The government said Thursday that 68,000 guns recovered by Mexican authorities in the past five years have been traced back to the United States. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster, File)
In this undated file photo, France's battle torn Marne district is seen during World War I. Weeks after World War I erupted, with the capital of Paris under threat from German invaders, French military chiefs devised a novel way for soldiers to travel to the front lines: by taxi. To that end, they requisitioned hundreds of cabs, and their drivers were charged with the risky mission of getting thousands of troops to the battlefield. (AP Photo, File)
A house destroyed by Hurricane Fran is seen at North Topsail Beach, N.C., Friday, Sept. 6, 1996, after the hurricane hit the North Carolina coast Thursday night. (AP Photo/Rick Bowmer)
Iva Iuka Toguri, 30-year-old graduate of the University of California, known to thousands of  soldiers in the Pacific area as Tokyo Rose through her propaganda broadcasts for the Japanese.   She rests after an interview on Sept. 5, 1945 in Tokyo following her capture by American Forces.  (AP Photo/pool)
FILE - In this Sept. 5, 1972, file photo, a member of the Arab Commando group which seized members of the Israeli Olympic Team at their quarters at the Munich Olympic Village appears with a hood over his face on the balcony of the village building where the commandos held several members of the Israeli team hostage.  (AP Photo/Kurt Strumpf, File)
U.S. Secret Service agents put handcuffs on Lynette Fromme after she allegedly pointed a gun at President Gerald Ford as he walked from his hotel to the State Capitol building in Sacramento, Ca., on Sept. 5, 1975.  The agent holding Fromme at center, wearing dark glasses, is Larry Bruendorf.  (AP Photo)

Today is Wednesday, Sept. 5, the 248th day of 2018. There are 117 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlights in History:

On Sept. 5, 1972, the Palestinian group Black September attacked the Israeli Olympic delegation at the Munich Games; 11 Israelis, five guerrillas and a police officer were killed in the resulting siege.

On this date:

In 1698, Russia’s Peter the Great imposed a tax on beards.

In 1774, the first Continental Congress assembled in Philadelphia.

In 1882, the nation’s first Labor Day was celebrated with a parade in New York. (Although Labor Day now takes place on the first Monday of September, this first celebration occurred on a Tuesday.)

In 1939, four days after war had broken out in Europe, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued a proclamation declaring U.S. neutrality in the conflict.

In 1945, Japanese-American Iva Toguri D’Aquino, suspected of being wartime broadcaster “Tokyo Rose,” was arrested in Yokohama. (D’Aquino was later convicted of treason and served six years in prison; she was pardoned in 1977 by President Gerald R. Ford.)

In 1960, at the Rome Olympics, American boxer Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali) defeated Zbigniew Pietrzykowski of Poland to win the light-heavyweight gold medal; Wilma Rudolph of the United States won the second of her three gold medals with the 200-meter sprint.

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy signed legislation making aircraft hijackings a federal crime.

In 1975, President Gerald R. Ford escaped an attempt on his life by Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, California.

In 1986, four hijackers who had seized a Pan Am jumbo jet on the ground in Karachi, Pakistan, opened fire when the lights inside the plane failed; a total of 20 people were killed before Pakistani commandos stormed the jetliner.

In 1997, breaking the royal reticence over the death of Princess Diana, Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II delivered a televised address in which she called her former daughter-in-law “a remarkable person.” Mother Teresa died in Calcutta, India, at age 87; conductor Sir Georg Solti died in France at age 84.

In 2002, Afghan President Hamid Karzai survived an assassination attempt in Kandahar, hours after an explosives-packed car tore through a Kabul market.

In 2005, President George W. Bush nominated John Roberts to succeed the late William Rehnquist as chief justice of the United States. An Indonesian jetliner crashed, killing 149 people, including 49 on the ground; 17 passengers survived.

Ten years ago: Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice became the highest-ranking American official in half a century to visit Libya, where she met Moammar Gadhafi. Europe’s Rosetta space probe flew by the Steins asteroid 250 million miles from Earth. Publishing giant Robert Giroux, who’d guided and supported dozens of great writers from T.S. Eliot and Jack Kerouac to Bernard Malamud and Susan Sontag, died in Tinton Falls, New Jersey, at age 94.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama, in St. Petersburg for a G-20 summit, pressed fellow world leaders to support a U.S. strike on Syria; however, he encountered opposition from Russia, China and even the European Union, who said it was too soon for military action.

One year ago: President Donald Trump announced that he was phasing out the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, program protecting young immigrants who were brought to the country illegally, but said he was giving Congress six months to come up with an alternative; he later tweeted that if Congress couldn’t do so, he would “revisit” the issue. Hurricane Irma strengthened to a Category 5 storm as it approached the northeast Caribbean on a path toward the United States.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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