Today in History: March 9

In this Monday, Feb. 8, 2016 photo, David Lowenherz  points to the signatures of Napoleon Bonaparte and to the left, Josephine de Beauharnais, on a marriage contract, in West Palm Beach, Fla.  Lowenherz, of Lion Heart Autographs, will put the document up for sale this week at the Palm Beach Jewelry, Art & Antique Show. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)
In 1796, the future emperor of the French, Napoleon Bonaparte, married Josephine de Beauharnais. The couple later divorced.

In this Monday, Feb. 8, 2016 photo, David Lowenherz points to the signatures of Napoleon Bonaparte and to the left, Josephine de Beauharnais, on a marriage contract, in West Palm Beach, Fla. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)

Illustrated rendering of the first battle fought between ironclad ships during the Civil War at the Battle of Hampton Roads. The introduction of the ironclad into warfare made all naval vessels that came before it obsolete. Pictured are the Union's USS Monitor,bottom left, and the Confederacy's CSS Virginia. (AP Photo)
In 1862, during the Civil War, the ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac) clashed for five hours to a draw at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

Illustrated rendering of the first battle fought between ironclad ships during the Civil War at the Battle of Hampton Roads. The introduction of the ironclad into warfare made all naval vessels that came before it obsolete. Pictured are the Union’s USS Monitor,bottom left, and the Confederacy’s CSS Virginia. (AP Photo)

This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting.  (AP Photo)
On March 9, 1916, more than 400 Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico, killing 18 Americans

This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting. (AP Photo)

Three ambassadors and others confer in the first floor area of Bnai Brith International headquarters where gunmen are holding hostages upstairs, Thursday, March 10, 1977, Washington, D.C. (AP Photo)
Three ambassadors and others confer in the first floor area of Bnai Brith International headquarters where gunmen are holding hostages upstairs, Thursday, March 10, 1977, Washington, D.C. (AP Photo)

FILE - In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York, in this Dec. 6, 1995 file photo. The director behind FX’s acclaimed “People vs. O.J. Simpson” miniseries is set to tackle another true crime drama, this one based on the unsolved deaths of B.I.G. and fellow rapper Tupac Shakur. The Hollywood Reporter reported Nov. 10, 2016, that USA Network has ordered a pilot for “Unsolved,” which will be directed by Anthony Hemingway. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)
In 1997, gangsta rapper The Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace) was killed in a still-unsolved drive-by shooting in Los Angeles; he was 24.

FILE – In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York, in this Dec. 6, 1995 file photo. The director behind FX’s acclaimed “People vs. O.J. Simpson” miniseries is set to tackle another true crime drama, this one based on the unsolved deaths of B.I.G. and fellow rapper Tupac Shakur. The Hollywood Reporter reported Nov. 10, 2016, that USA Network has ordered a pilot for “Unsolved,” which will be directed by Anthony Hemingway. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)

FILE - In this April 13, 1943 black-and-white file photo, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt speaks in Washington. When President Barack Obama's re-election campaign unveiled a new slogan, some conservative critics were quick to pounce. "Forward", they asserted, is a word long associated with Europe's radical left, reaffirming their contention that Obama is, to some degree a socialist. Using "socialist" as a political epithet in the U.S. dates back to pre-Civil War days when abolitionist newspaper editor Horace Greeley was branded a socialist by some pro-slavery adversaries. Decades later, many elements of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal _ including Social Security _ were denounced as socialist. (AP Photo/Robert Clover, File)
In 1933, Congress, called into special session by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, began its “hundred days” of enacting New Deal legislation.

FILE – In this April 13, 1943 black-and-white file photo, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt speaks in Washington. When President Barack Obama’s re-election campaign unveiled a new slogan, some conservative critics were quick to pounce. “Forward”, they asserted, is a word long associated with Europe’s radical left, reaffirming their contention that Obama is, to some degree a socialist. Using “socialist” as a political epithet in the U.S. dates back to pre-Civil War days when abolitionist newspaper editor Horace Greeley was branded a socialist by some pro-slavery adversaries. Decades later, many elements of Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal _ including Social Security _ were denounced as socialist. (AP Photo/Robert Clover, File)

FILE - In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York. The late rapper's wife announced on Feb. 3, 2017, that she is releasing an album of duets with B.I.G. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)
In 1997, gangsta rapper The Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace) was killed in a still-unsolved drive-by shooting in Los Angeles; he was 24.

FILE – In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York. The late rapper’s wife announced on Feb. 3, 2017, that she is releasing an album of duets with B.I.G.

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In this Monday, Feb. 8, 2016 photo, David Lowenherz  points to the signatures of Napoleon Bonaparte and to the left, Josephine de Beauharnais, on a marriage contract, in West Palm Beach, Fla.  Lowenherz, of Lion Heart Autographs, will put the document up for sale this week at the Palm Beach Jewelry, Art & Antique Show. (AP Photo/Lynne Sladky)
Illustrated rendering of the first battle fought between ironclad ships during the Civil War at the Battle of Hampton Roads. The introduction of the ironclad into warfare made all naval vessels that came before it obsolete. Pictured are the Union's USS Monitor,bottom left, and the Confederacy's CSS Virginia. (AP Photo)
This picture, taken at the border at Nogales, Ariz., in 1916, shows, from left, Gen. Alvaro Obregon, Gen. Pancho Villa and Gen. John J. Pershing in a friendly meeting.  (AP Photo)
Three ambassadors and others confer in the first floor area of Bnai Brith International headquarters where gunmen are holding hostages upstairs, Thursday, March 10, 1977, Washington, D.C. (AP Photo)
FILE - In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York, in this Dec. 6, 1995 file photo. The director behind FX’s acclaimed “People vs. O.J. Simpson” miniseries is set to tackle another true crime drama, this one based on the unsolved deaths of B.I.G. and fellow rapper Tupac Shakur. The Hollywood Reporter reported Nov. 10, 2016, that USA Network has ordered a pilot for “Unsolved,” which will be directed by Anthony Hemingway. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)
FILE - In this April 13, 1943 black-and-white file photo, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt speaks in Washington. When President Barack Obama's re-election campaign unveiled a new slogan, some conservative critics were quick to pounce. "Forward", they asserted, is a word long associated with Europe's radical left, reaffirming their contention that Obama is, to some degree a socialist. Using "socialist" as a political epithet in the U.S. dates back to pre-Civil War days when abolitionist newspaper editor Horace Greeley was branded a socialist by some pro-slavery adversaries. Decades later, many elements of Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal _ including Social Security _ were denounced as socialist. (AP Photo/Robert Clover, File)
FILE - In this Dec. 6, 1995, file photo, The Notorious B.I.G., who won rap artist and rap single of the year, clutches his awards at the podium during the annual Billboard Music Awards in New York. The late rapper's wife announced on Feb. 3, 2017, that she is releasing an album of duets with B.I.G. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)

Today is Saturday, March 9, the 68th day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On March 9, 1933, Congress, called into special session by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, began its “hundred days” of enacting New Deal legislation.

On this date:

In 1796, the future emperor of the French, Napoleon Bonaparte, married Josephine de Beauharnais (boh-ahr-NAY’). (The couple later divorced.)

In 1841, the U.S. Supreme Court, in United States v. The Amistad, ruled 7-1 in favor of a group of illegally enslaved Africans who were captured off the U.S. coast after seizing control of a Spanish schooner, La Amistad; the justices ruled that the Africans should be set free.

In 1862, during the Civil War, the ironclads USS Monitor and CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac) clashed for five hours to a draw at Hampton Roads, Virginia.

In 1916, more than 400 Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico, killing 18 Americans. During the First World War, Germany declared war on Portugal.

In 1935, the animated cartoon character Porky Pig first appeared in the Warner Bros. animated short “I Haven’t Got a Hat.”

In 1945, during World War II, U.S. B-29 bombers began launching incendiary bomb attacks against Tokyo, resulting in an estimated 100,000 deaths.

In 1954, CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow critically reviewed Wisconsin Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy’s anti-communism campaign on “See It Now.”

In 1964, the U.S. Supreme Court, in New York Times Co. v. Sullivan, raised the standard for public officials to prove they’d been libeled in their official capacity by news organizations.

In 1976, a cable car in the Italian ski resort of Cavalese fell some 700 feet to the ground when a supporting line snapped, killing 43 people.

In 1977, about a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims invaded three buildings in Washington, D.C., killing one person and taking more than 130 hostages. (The siege ended two days later.)

In 1989, the Senate rejected President George H.W. Bush’s nomination of John Tower to be defense secretary by a vote of 53-47. (The next day, Bush tapped Wyoming Rep. Dick Cheney, who went on to win unanimous Senate approval.)

In 1997, gangsta rapper The Notorious B.I.G. (Christopher Wallace) was killed in a still-unsolved drive-by shooting in Los Angeles; he was 24.

Ten years ago: President Barack Obama lifted George W. Bush-era limits on using federal dollars for embryonic stem cell research.

Five years ago: The search continued for Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, a Boeing 777 that had gone missing the day before while over the South China Sea with 239 people on board. (The plane was never found.)

One year ago: A combat veteran who’d been expelled from a treatment program at a California veterans home fatally shot three mental health workers there before taking his own life. Weeks after the shooting that left 17 people dead at a Florida high school, Gov. Rick Scott signed a school-safety bill that included new restrictions on guns, prompting a lawsuit from the National Rifle Association; the bill raised to 21 the minimum age to buy rifles and created a program enabling some teachers and other school employees to carry guns. Martin Shkreli, the former pharmaceutical CEO who’d been vilified for jacking up the price of a lifesaving drug, was sentenced in New York to seven years in prison for securities fraud. A Kentucky neighbor of U.S. Sen. Rand Paul, Rene Boucher, pleaded guilty to a federal charge for tackling the lawmaker in an attack his attorney said was triggered by a dispute over lawn maintenance; Boucher served a 30-day prison sentence.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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