A DC neighborhood’s history explored in a new Smithsonian exhibit

Children outside the Barry Farm Dwellings in April 28, 1944.

Teachers in front of Barry Farm—Hillsdale’s Birney School in 1910.

The Hillisdale School in 1908.

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A new online exhibit, part of the Smithsonian’s Anacostia Community Museum, explores the District’s historic Barry Farms-Hillsdale neighborhood and its pivotal role in the civil rights struggle.

The African American neighborhood was created right after the Civil War. Curator Alcione Amos wrote a book about the area that inspired the exhibit called “Barry Farm-Hillsdale in Anacostia: A Historic African American Community.”



According to the Smithsonian, the Barry Farm-Hillsdale community was a self-contained, 375-acre site in D.C.’s Anacostia neighborhood.

It was once a strong, cohesive African American community that pioneered building schools, churches and civic organizations. The community thrived into the early 20th century.

“It developed into a strong African American community that was very active in several very important events in Washington,” Amos said, adding that residents tackled many racial injustices.

One event involving the Anacostia Pool led to the end of segregation of all of D.C.’s public pools.

“Young people in the community went to the Anacostia pool and integrated it by force; they literally pushed themselves in and jumped into the pool,” said Amos.

Initially, the pool was shut down, but they were all desegregated when D.C. pools reopened the following season.

Eventually, Amos said, the neighborhood was destroyed by many things, including questionable housing policy and the creation of the Suitland Parkway.

The online exhibit, “We Shall Not Be Moved: Stories of Struggle from Barry Farm-Hillsdale,” is part of a yearlong focus on housing equity and justice in D.C.

“People need to know the past in order to live well in the present,” Amos said

You can view the exhibit online on the Museum’s website through the end of the year.

Kyle Cooper

Anchor and reporter Kyle Cooper, has been with WTOP since 1992. Over those 25 years Kyle has worked as a street reporter, editor and anchor. Prior to WTOP Kyle worked at several radio stations in Indiana, and at the Indianapolis Star Newspaper.

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