Today in History: May 13

William "Bill" Kelso

In 1607, English colonists arrived by ship at the site of what became the Jamestown settlement in Virginia (the colonists went ashore the next day). In this 2015 photo, crosses mark where the four sets of human remains where four of the earliest leaders of the English colony that would become America, buried for more than 400 years near the altar of what was America’s first Protestant church in Jamestown. (Joe Fudge/The Daily Press via AP) (AP)

Winston Churchill, William Cole, Henry Wallace, Alben Barkley,

In 1940, in his first speech as British prime minister, Winston Churchill told Parliament, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.” In this 1941 file photo, Churchill addresses a joint meeting of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington. (AP Photo, File) (AP)

An armed guard stands by the car in which Vice President Richard Nixon rode through jeering, rock-throwing mobs May 13, 1958, in Caracas, Venezuela.  (AP Photo)

In 1958, Vice President Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, were spat upon and their limousine battered by rocks thrown by anti-U.S. demonstrators in Caracas, Venezuela. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)

Bobby Riggs, former Wimbledon tennis star, talks with Margaret Court about heavy duty tennis ball she has selected for their $10,000 challenge match in Ramona, Calif., May 12, 1973. She won a coin toss on Thursday and selected the heavier ball. Riggs attempted to talk Margaret into using a livelier ball in their best-of-three set match. Margaret stuck with her original decision. (AP Photo/Wally Fong)

In 1973, in tennis’ first so-called “Battle of the Sexes,” Bobby Riggs defeated Margaret Court 6-2, 6-1 in Ramona, California. (Billie Jean King soundly defeated Riggs at the Houston Astrodome in September.) (AP Photo/Wally Fong) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/Wally Fong)

The shooting of Pope John Paul II and two women who also were wounded in St. Peter's Square Wednesday, May 13, 1981, by Turkish terrorist, Mehmet Ali Agca. (AP-PHOTO)

In 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter’s Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca. (AP-PHOTO) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/MARI)

Armed Philadelphia police officers man a rooftop as the sky is illuminated by the flames from a neighborhood in West Philadelphia, Pa., that burned after police dropped a bomb on a building occupied by members of anarchist group MOVE, May 13, 1985.  (AP Photo/George Widman)

In 1985, a confrontation between Philadelphia authorities and the radical group MOVE ended as police dropped a bomb onto the group’s row house; 11 people died in the resulting fire that destroyed 61 homes. (AP Photo/George Widman) (AP/George Widman)

Pope Francis walks past a statue of the Virgin Mary as he celebrates a mass at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima Saturday, May 13, 2017, in Fatima, Portugal. The pontiff will canonize on Saturday two poor, illiterate shepherd children whose visions of the Virgin Mary 100 years ago marked one of the most important events of the 20th-century Catholic Church. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)
In 1917, three shepherd children reported seeing a vision of the Virgin Mary near Fatima, Portugal; it was the first of six such apparitions that the children claimed to have witnessed. Pope Francis walks past a statue of the Virgin Mary as he celebrates a mass at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima Saturday, May 13, 2017, in Fatima, Portugal. The pontiff will canonize on Saturday two poor, illiterate shepherd children whose visions of the Virgin Mary 100 years ago marked one of the most important events of the 20th-century Catholic Church. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)
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William "Bill" Kelso
Winston Churchill, William Cole, Henry Wallace, Alben Barkley,
An armed guard stands by the car in which Vice President Richard Nixon rode through jeering, rock-throwing mobs May 13, 1958, in Caracas, Venezuela.  (AP Photo)
Bobby Riggs, former Wimbledon tennis star, talks with Margaret Court about heavy duty tennis ball she has selected for their $10,000 challenge match in Ramona, Calif., May 12, 1973. She won a coin toss on Thursday and selected the heavier ball. Riggs attempted to talk Margaret into using a livelier ball in their best-of-three set match. Margaret stuck with her original decision. (AP Photo/Wally Fong)
The shooting of Pope John Paul II and two women who also were wounded in St. Peter's Square Wednesday, May 13, 1981, by Turkish terrorist, Mehmet Ali Agca. (AP-PHOTO)
Armed Philadelphia police officers man a rooftop as the sky is illuminated by the flames from a neighborhood in West Philadelphia, Pa., that burned after police dropped a bomb on a building occupied by members of anarchist group MOVE, May 13, 1985.  (AP Photo/George Widman)
Pope Francis walks past a statue of the Virgin Mary as he celebrates a mass at the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Fatima Saturday, May 13, 2017, in Fatima, Portugal. The pontiff will canonize on Saturday two poor, illiterate shepherd children whose visions of the Virgin Mary 100 years ago marked one of the most important events of the 20th-century Catholic Church. (AP Photo/Alessandra Tarantino)

Today is Monday, May 13, the 133rd day of 2019.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On May 13, 1981, Pope John Paul II was shot and seriously wounded in St. Peter’s Square by Turkish assailant Mehmet Ali Agca (MEH’-met AH’-lee AH’-juh).

On this date:

In 1568, forces loyal to Mary, Queen of Scots were defeated by troops under her half-brother and Regent of Scotland, the Earl of Moray, in the Battle of Langside, thwarting Mary’s attempt to regain power almost a year after she was forced to abdicate.

In 1607, English colonists arrived by ship at the site of what became the Jamestown settlement in Virginia (the colonists went ashore the next day).

In 1917, three shepherd children reported seeing a vision of the Virgin Mary near Fatima, Portugal; it was the first of six such apparitions that the children claimed to have witnessed.

In 1918, the first U.S. airmail stamp, costing 24 cents and featuring a picture of a Curtiss JN-4 biplane, was publicly issued. (On some of the stamps, the “Jenny” was printed upside-down, making them collector’s items.)

In 1940, in his first speech as British prime minister, Winston Churchill told Parliament, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.”

In 1958, Vice President Richard Nixon and his wife, Pat, were spat upon and their limousine battered by rocks thrown by anti-U.S. demonstrators in Caracas, Venezuela.

In 1972, 118 people died after fire broke out at the Sennichi Department Store in Osaka, Japan.

In 1973, in tennis’ first so-called “Battle of the Sexes,” Bobby Riggs defeated Margaret Court 6-2, 6-1 in Ramona, California. (Billie Jean King soundly defeated Riggs at the Houston Astrodome in September.)

In 1985, a confrontation between Philadelphia authorities and the radical group MOVE ended as police dropped a bomb onto the group’s row house, igniting a fire that killed 11 people and destroyed 61 homes.

In 1994, President Bill Clinton nominated federal appeals Judge Stephen G. Breyer to the U.S. Supreme Court to replace retiring Justice Harry A. Blackmun; Breyer went on to win Senate confirmation.

In 2002, President George W. Bush announced that he and Russian President Vladimir Putin (POO’-tihn) would sign a treaty to shrink their countries’ nuclear arsenals by two-thirds.

In 2004, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld visited the Abu Ghraib (grayb) prison camp in Iraq, where he insisted the Pentagon did not try to cover up abuses there. During a campaign swing in West Virginia, President George W. Bush said he felt “disgraced” by the images of U.S. soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners but told his listeners that actions of a handful of Americans should not sully the nation’s military.

Ten years ago: A judge in West Palm Beach sentenced two men to death for the drug-debt slaying of a family of four on the side of a Florida highway, including two young boys who died in their mother’s arms. Atlantis’ astronauts captured the orbiting Hubble Space Telescope for five days of repair work. Pittsburgh’s Adam LaRoche and Florida’s Ross Gload became the first baseball players to have home runs taken away following a video replay review.

Five years ago: A mine fire in Soma, Turkey, killed 301 workers. A European court, in an important test of the “right to be forgotten,” ruled that Google had to amend some of its search results at the request of ordinary people when they showed links to outdated, irrelevant information.

One year ago: President Donald Trump said he would help the Chinese telecommunications company ZTE get “back into business”; the Commerce Department had earlier moved to block the company from importing American components. Officials in Hawaii called for more evacuations near the Kilauea volcano amid signs of an imminent eruption at the volcano’s summit. (The eruption came four days later.) The body of 69-year-old “Superman” actress Margot Kidder was found by a friend near her Montana home in what was later ruled a suicide from a drug and alcohol overdose.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2019 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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