Today in History: Dec. 11

An engraved illustration portrait of King Louis XVI during the French Revolution  from a Victorian book dated 1881 that is no longer in copyright
In 1792, France’s King Louis XVI went before the Convention to face charges of treason. (Louis was convicted, and executed the following month.) An engraved illustration portrait of King Louis XVI during the French Revolution from a Victorian book dated 1881 that is no longer in copyright.
Edward VIII, former King of England, now Duke of Windsor, and his bride, Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson are seen following the civil and religious ceremonies at the Chateau de Cande, near Tours, France, June 3, 1937.  (AP Photo/BIPPA)
In 1936, Britain’s King Edward VIII abdicated the throne so he could marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson; his brother, Prince Albert, became King George VI. Edward VIII, now Duke of Windsor, and his bride, Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson, are seen following the civil and religious ceremonies at the Chateau de Cande, near Tours, France, June 3, 1937. (AP Photo/BIPPA) (AP/UNCREDITED)
Presiden Franklin Roosevelt  speaking from in front of a fireplace in the oval room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 9, 1941 broadcast to the nation a declaration that ?we are now in this war, we are all in it ? all the way.? (AP Photo)
In 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States; the U.S. responded in kind. President Franklin Roosevelt speaking from in front of a fireplace in the oval room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 9, 1941 broadcast to the nation a declaration that “we are now in this war, we are all in it, all the way.” (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Jon Evans, 11, son of Apollo 17 command module pilot, Ronald E. Evans, points out one of the highlights of the television of the first EVA by moon explorers Eugene A. Cernan and Harrison B. Schmitt, Dec. 11, 1972. Watching with Jon are his mother, Jan Evans , and sistet, Jaime, 13. While the Evans family was watching television in their home near the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas, commander Evans was orbiting the moon in the command module. (AP Photo)
In 1972, Apollo 17’s lunar module landed on the moon with astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt aboard; during three extravehicular activities (EVAs), they became the last two men to date to step onto the lunar surface. Here, Jon Evans, 11, son of Apollo 17 command module pilot, Ronald E. Evans, points out one of the highlights of the television of the first EVA by Cernan and Schmitt, Dec. 11, 1972. Watching with Jon are his mother, Jan Evans , and sister, Jaime, 13. (AP Photo) (AP)
President Jimmy Carter reaches over to shake hands with Sen. Randolph Jennings, D-W.Va., left, after signing the environmental Superfund legislation in the Cabinet Room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 11, 1980. Behind Carter from left: Jennings; Sen. Robert Stafford, R-Vt., applauding; Rep. George Mitchell, D-ME., behind Carter; Rep. Al Gore, D-TN; Rep. James J. Florio, D-N.J., also applauding; Sen. Bill Bradley, D-N.J., behind Florio; and Sen. John H. Chafee, R-R.I., far right. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)
In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation creating a $1.6 billion environmental “superfund” to pay for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps. Here, President Carter reaches over to shake hands with Sen. Randolph Jennings, D-W.Va., left, after signing the legislation in the Cabinet Room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 11, 1980. Behind Carter from left: Jennings; Sen. Robert Stafford, R-Vt., applauding; Rep. George Mitchell, D-ME., behind Carter; Rep. Al Gore, D-TN; Rep. James J. Florio, D-N.J., also applauding; Sen. Bill Bradley, D-N.J., behind Florio; and Sen. John H. Chafee, R-R.I., far right. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook) (AP/Dennis Cook)
William Kennedy Smith, right, enters the Palm Beach County Courthouse in West Palm Beach, Dec. 2, 1991 with members of his family for the first day of his sexual assault trial. His mother Jean is in the center holding a newspaper. (AP Photo/Chris O'Meara)
In 1991, a jury in West Palm Beach, Florida, acquitted William Kennedy Smith of sexual battery, rejecting the allegations of Patricia Bowman. William Kennedy Smith, right, enters the Palm Beach County Courthouse in West Palm Beach, Dec. 2, 1991 with members of his family for the first day of his sexual assault trial. His mother Jean is in the center holding a newspaper. (AP Photo/Chris O’Meara) (AP/Chris O'Meara)
Steam and smoke rise from cooling towers on the outskirts of  Moscow, Friday, Oct. 22, 2004. Russia's lower house of parliament ratified the Kyoto Protocol on global warming Friday, moving the sweeping environmental pact to the threshold of taking effect and marking a major victory in the worldwide campaign to cut down on greenhouse gases. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
In 1997, more than 150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to control the Earth’s greenhouse gases. Steam and smoke rise from cooling towers on the outskirts of Moscow, Friday, Oct. 22, 2004 shortly after Russia’s lower house of parliament ratified the Kyoto Protocol on global warming. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/IVAN SEKRETAREV)
NEW YORK - JANUARY 5:  Bernard Madoff (L) walks out from Federal Court after a bail hearing in Manhattan January 5, 2009 in New York City. Madoff is accused of running a $50 billion Ponzi scheme through his investment company. Madoff is free on bail and hasn�t formally responded to the charges or entered a plea.  (Photo by Hiroko Masuike/Getty Images)
In 2008, Bernie Madoff was arrested, accused of running a multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme. Madoff is serving a 150-year federal prison sentence. (Photo by Hiroko Masuike/Getty Images) (Getty Images/Hiroko Masuike)
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An engraved illustration portrait of King Louis XVI during the French Revolution  from a Victorian book dated 1881 that is no longer in copyright
Edward VIII, former King of England, now Duke of Windsor, and his bride, Bessie Wallis Warfield Simpson are seen following the civil and religious ceremonies at the Chateau de Cande, near Tours, France, June 3, 1937.  (AP Photo/BIPPA)
Presiden Franklin Roosevelt  speaking from in front of a fireplace in the oval room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 9, 1941 broadcast to the nation a declaration that ?we are now in this war, we are all in it ? all the way.? (AP Photo)
Jon Evans, 11, son of Apollo 17 command module pilot, Ronald E. Evans, points out one of the highlights of the television of the first EVA by moon explorers Eugene A. Cernan and Harrison B. Schmitt, Dec. 11, 1972. Watching with Jon are his mother, Jan Evans , and sistet, Jaime, 13. While the Evans family was watching television in their home near the Manned Spacecraft Center, Houston, Texas, commander Evans was orbiting the moon in the command module. (AP Photo)
President Jimmy Carter reaches over to shake hands with Sen. Randolph Jennings, D-W.Va., left, after signing the environmental Superfund legislation in the Cabinet Room of the White House in Washington on Dec. 11, 1980. Behind Carter from left: Jennings; Sen. Robert Stafford, R-Vt., applauding; Rep. George Mitchell, D-ME., behind Carter; Rep. Al Gore, D-TN; Rep. James J. Florio, D-N.J., also applauding; Sen. Bill Bradley, D-N.J., behind Florio; and Sen. John H. Chafee, R-R.I., far right. (AP Photo/Dennis Cook)
William Kennedy Smith, right, enters the Palm Beach County Courthouse in West Palm Beach, Dec. 2, 1991 with members of his family for the first day of his sexual assault trial. His mother Jean is in the center holding a newspaper. (AP Photo/Chris O'Meara)
Steam and smoke rise from cooling towers on the outskirts of  Moscow, Friday, Oct. 22, 2004. Russia's lower house of parliament ratified the Kyoto Protocol on global warming Friday, moving the sweeping environmental pact to the threshold of taking effect and marking a major victory in the worldwide campaign to cut down on greenhouse gases. (AP Photo/Ivan Sekretarev)
NEW YORK - JANUARY 5:  Bernard Madoff (L) walks out from Federal Court after a bail hearing in Manhattan January 5, 2009 in New York City. Madoff is accused of running a $50 billion Ponzi scheme through his investment company. Madoff is free on bail and hasn�t formally responded to the charges or entered a plea.  (Photo by Hiroko Masuike/Getty Images)

Today is Tuesday, Dec. 11, the 345th day of 2018. There are 20 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Dec. 11, 1972, Apollo 17’s lunar module landed on the moon with astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt aboard; they became the last two men to date to step onto the lunar surface.

On this date:

In 1792, France’s King Louis XVI went before the Convention to face charges of treason. (Louis was convicted, and executed the following month.)

In 1816, Indiana became the 19th state.

In 1910, French inventor Georges Claude publicly displayed his first neon lamp, consisting of two 38-foot-long tubes, at the Paris Expo.

In 1917, British Gen. Edmund Allenby entered Jerusalem two days after his forces expelled the Ottoman Turks.

In 1936, Britain’s King Edward VIII abdicated the throne so he could marry American divorcee Wallis Warfield Simpson; his brother, Prince Albert, became King George VI.

In 1937, Italy withdrew from the League of Nations.

In 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States; the U.S. responded in kind.

In 1961, a U.S. aircraft carrier carrying Army helicopters arrived in Saigon — the first direct American military support for South Vietnam’s battle against Communist guerrillas.

In 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed legislation creating a $1.6 billion environmental “superfund” to pay for cleaning up chemical spills and toxic waste dumps. “Magnum P.I.,” starring Tom Selleck, premiered on CBS.

In 1991, a jury in West Palm Beach, Florida, acquitted William Kennedy Smith of sexual assault and battery, rejecting the allegations of Patricia Bowman.

In 1997, more than 150 countries agreed at a global warming conference in Kyoto, Japan, to control the Earth’s greenhouse gases.

In 2001, in the first criminal indictment stemming from 9/11, federal prosecutors charged Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen of Moroccan descent, with conspiring to murder thousands in the suicide hijackings. (Moussaoui pleaded guilty to conspiracy in 2005 and was sentenced to life in prison.)

Ten years ago: Former Nasdaq chairman Bernie Madoff was arrested, accused of running a multibillion-dollar Ponzi scheme that destroyed thousands of people’s life savings and wrecked charities. (Madoff is serving a 150-year federal prison sentence.) The remains of missing Florida toddler Caylee Anthony were found six months after she disappeared. (Her mother, Casey Anthony, was acquitted of murder in her daughter’s death.) A suicide bomber killed at least 55 people near Kirkuk, Iraq. Former pinup model Bettie Page died in Los Angeles at age 85.

Five years ago: Time magazine selected Pope Francis as its Person of the Year, saying the Roman Catholic church’s new leader — the first from Latin America — had changed the perception of the 2,000-year-old institution in an extraordinary way in a short time.

One year ago: A Bangladeshi immigrant set off a crude pipe bomb in a New York City subway passageway in a botched suicide bombing; it did not fully detonate and Akayed Ullah was the only one seriously hurt. (Ullah was convicted on terrorism charges in federal court; sentencing is set for April 5, 2019.) A Southern California wildfire exploded in size again, becoming the fifth largest in state history; officials handed out masks to those who stayed behind in an exclusive community where Oprah Winfrey and other stars had homes. Chef Mario Batali stepped away from his restaurant empire and his cooking show “The Chew” as he conceded that reports of sexual misconduct “match up” to his behavior. French President Emmanuel Macron awarded millions of dollars in grants to 18 climate scientists from the U.S. and elsewhere, allowing them to relocate to France for the remainder of Donald Trump’s presidential term. The Pentagon said transgender recruits would be allowed to enlist in the military beginning Jan. 1; a ban ordered by Trump had suffered a series of legal setbacks.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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