Today in History: Oct. 27

Portrait of Theodore Roosevelt 1885, ranching and hunting in the Dakota Territory.  (AP Photo)
In 1858, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, was born in New York City. Seen here is a portrait of Roosevelt in 1885, ranching and hunting in the Dakota Territory. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
FILE--George Fenneman is seen in character as Groucho Marx's sidekick and frequent foil on NBC's "You Bet Your Life" in this undated file photo. Fenneman died last Thursday at his Los Angeles home, his wife Peggy said Wednesday, June 4, 1997.  The cause was attributed to emphysema.(AP Photo)
In 1947, “You Bet Your Life,” starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. It later became a television show on NBC. Here, George Fenneman is seen in character as Marx’s sidekick and frequent foil in this undated file photo. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Gen. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., poses in his Pentagon office in Washington, D.C., April 16, 1965.  President Lyndon Johnson has nominated Davis for promotion to Lieutenant General in the Air Force and picked him to be chief of staff of U.S. forces and of the United Nations command in Korea.  Davis, 52, is the first black American to reach lieutenant general rank in the U.S. military.  (AP Photo)
In 1954, U.S. Air Force Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. was promoted to brigadier general, the first black officer to achieve that rank in the USAF. He poses here in his Pentagon office in Washington, D.C., April 16, 1965. (AP Photo) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, embrace as U.S. President Jimmy Carter looks on, September 18, 1978, during a White House announcement of a Middle East peace agreement reached at the Camp David Summit earlier this year.  Sadat and Begin were named joint winners in the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize in an announcement Friday, October 27, from officials in Oslo, Norway.  (AP Photo)
In 1978, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord. Here, Sadat, left, and Begin embrace as U.S. President Jimmy Carter looks on, September 18, 1978. (AP Photo) (AP)
Boston Red Sox players celebrate after beating the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in Game 4 to sweep the World Series Wednesday, Oct. 27, 2004, in St. Louis. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
In 2004, the Boston Red Sox won their first World Series since 1918, sweeping the St. Louis Cardinals in Game 4, 3-0. Here, players celebrate Oct. 27, 2004 in St. Louis. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki) (AP/SUE OGROCKI)
People react as they celebrate the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia outside the Catalan Parliament, in Barcelona, Spain, Friday, Oct. 27, 2017. Catalonias' regional Parliament passed a motion Friday to establish an independent Catalan Republic. (AP Photo/ Emilio Morenatti)
In 2017, Spain fired Catalonia’s regional government and dissolved its parliament, after a Catalan declaration of independence that flouted the country’s constitution. People react as they celebrate the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia outside the Catalan Parliament, in Barcelona, Spain, Friday, Oct. 27, 2017. Catalonias’ regional Parliament passed a motion Friday to establish an independent Catalan Republic. (AP Photo/ Emilio Morenatti) (AP/Emilio Morenatti)
Close-up End of vintage rope on sunlight background.The concept of team works.
In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: “nylon.” (Thinkstock) (Getty Images/iStockphoto/Nopphinan)
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Portrait of Theodore Roosevelt 1885, ranching and hunting in the Dakota Territory.  (AP Photo)
FILE--George Fenneman is seen in character as Groucho Marx's sidekick and frequent foil on NBC's "You Bet Your Life" in this undated file photo. Fenneman died last Thursday at his Los Angeles home, his wife Peggy said Wednesday, June 4, 1997.  The cause was attributed to emphysema.(AP Photo)
Gen. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., poses in his Pentagon office in Washington, D.C., April 16, 1965.  President Lyndon Johnson has nominated Davis for promotion to Lieutenant General in the Air Force and picked him to be chief of staff of U.S. forces and of the United Nations command in Korea.  Davis, 52, is the first black American to reach lieutenant general rank in the U.S. military.  (AP Photo)
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, embrace as U.S. President Jimmy Carter looks on, September 18, 1978, during a White House announcement of a Middle East peace agreement reached at the Camp David Summit earlier this year.  Sadat and Begin were named joint winners in the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize in an announcement Friday, October 27, from officials in Oslo, Norway.  (AP Photo)
Boston Red Sox players celebrate after beating the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 in Game 4 to sweep the World Series Wednesday, Oct. 27, 2004, in St. Louis. (AP Photo/Sue Ogrocki)
People react as they celebrate the unilateral declaration of independence of Catalonia outside the Catalan Parliament, in Barcelona, Spain, Friday, Oct. 27, 2017. Catalonias' regional Parliament passed a motion Friday to establish an independent Catalan Republic. (AP Photo/ Emilio Morenatti)
Close-up End of vintage rope on sunlight background.The concept of team works.

Today is Saturday, Oct. 27, the 300th day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 27, 1978, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin (men-AH’-kem BAY’-gihn) were named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.

On this date:

In 1787, the first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the United States Constitution, was published.

In 1795, the United States and Spain signed the Treaty of San Lorenzo (also known as “Pinckney’s Treaty”), which provided for free navigation of the Mississippi River.

In 1858, the 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, was born in New York City.

In 1904, the first rapid transit subway, the IRT, was inaugurated in New York City.

In 1938, Du Pont announced a name for its new synthetic yarn: “nylon.”

In 1947, “You Bet Your Life,” a comedy quiz show starring Groucho Marx, premiered on ABC Radio. (It later became a television show on NBC.)

In 1954, U.S. Air Force Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. was promoted to brigadier general, the first black officer to achieve that rank in the USAF. Walt Disney’s first television program, titled “Disneyland” after the yet-to-be completed theme park, premiered on ABC.

In 1962, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft was shot down while flying over Cuba, killing the pilot, U.S. Air Force Maj. Rudolf Anderson Jr.

In 1992, Petty Officer Allen Schindler, a gay U.S. Navy sailor, was beaten to death near Sasebo Naval Base in southwestern Japan by shipmate Terry Helvey, who pleaded guilty to murder and was sentenced to life in prison.

In 1998, Hurricane Mitch cut through the western Caribbean, pummeling coastal Honduras and Belize; the storm caused several thousand deaths in Central America in the days that followed.

In 2002, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (loo-EEZ’ ee-NAH’-cee-oh LOO’-luh duh SEEL’-vuh) was elected president of Brazil in a runoff, becoming the country’s first elected leftist leader.

In 2004, the Boston Red Sox won their first World Series since 1918, sweeping the St. Louis Cardinals in Game 4, 3-0.

Ten years ago: Alaska Sen. Ted Stevens was convicted in Washington of seven corruption charges for lying about free home renovations and other gifts from a wealthy oil contractor. (A judge later dismissed the case, saying prosecutors had withheld evidence that might have been favorable to Stevens at trial.) Umpires halted play in Game 5 of the World Series with the Philadelphia Phillies and Tampa Bay Rays tied at 2 because of rain. (The game was completed two days later, at which time the Phillies beat the Rays 4-3 to win the Series.)

Five years ago: The Boston Red Sox beat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 to tie the World Series at two games apiece; the game finished with a pickoff play, a first in postseason history. Lou Reed, 71, who radically challenged rock’s founding promise of good times and public celebration as leader of the Velvet Underground and a solo artist and was a founder of indie rock, died in Southampton, New York.

One year ago: Spain fired Catalonia’s regional government and dissolved its parliament, after a Catalan declaration of independence that flouted the country’s constitution. Golfer Tiger Woods pleaded guilty to reckless driving, resolving charges from an arrest in which he was found passed out in his car with prescription drugs and marijuana in his system. The White House said federal officials had played no role in selecting a tiny Montana company from Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke’s hometown for a $300 million contract to help restore Puerto Rico’s power grid. Facebook executives said they would verify political ad buyers in federal elections, requiring them to reveal correct names and locations.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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