Today in History: Oct. 22

Some of 75 parachutists sail by Paris' Eiffel Tower Wednesday, Oct. 22, 1997 to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the first parachute jump. The first parachutist was a 28-year-old French physician named Andre-Jacques Garnerin. In 1797, he flew 1,300 feet above Monceau Park in Paris in a hot-air balloon, when he cut the balloon free and released a parachute that lowered him to the ground safely, except for a sprained ankle. Electric sign on the Eiffel Tower counts down the days until the year 2000. (APPhoto/Michel Lipchitz)
In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris. In this image, some of 75 parachutists sail by Paris’ Eiffel Tower Wednesday, Oct. 22, 1997 to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the first parachute jump by Garnerin. (APPhoto/Michel Lipchitz) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/MICHEL LIPCHITZ)
Herbert Hoover
In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the “American system of rugged individualism” in a speech at New York’s Madison Square Garden. Herbert Hoover (1874 – 1964), 31st President of the United States from 1928 to 1932. (Photo by General Photographic Agency/Getty Images) (Getty Images/General Photographic Agency)
President John F. Kennedy as he appeared on a television set in New York City  Oct. 22, 1962 informing the American people of his decision to set up a naval blockade against Cuba. (AP Photo)
On October 22, 1962, in a nationally broadcast address, President John F. Kennedy revealed the presence of Soviet-built missile bases under construction in Cuba and announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment being shipped to the Communist island nation. (AP Photo) (AP/Anonymous)
Nassau Hall 1956
In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey. (Getty Images/iStockphoto/Lawrence Long)
**ADVANCE FOR MONDAY FEB 2** Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shown in this 1932 photo, location not known. On the centennial of  Floyd's birth, the notorious bank robber and mass murderer is still remembered as a Robin Hood in his home states of Oklahoma and Arkansas, celebrated in pop culture and credited with bringing the FBI to prominence.  Floyd is immortalized in gangster lore and FBI records for the Kansas City Massacre of June 17, 1933, when he and another man shot two Kansas City police officers,two FBI agents and Frank Nash, a criminal Floyd was trying to spring from federal custody. (AP Photo/file)
In 1934, bank robber Charles “Pretty Boy” Floyd was shot to death by federal agents and local police at a farm near East Liverpool, Ohio. (AP Photo/file) (ASSOCIATED PRESS)
Kevin Vickers
In 2014, a gunman shot and killed a soldier standing guard at a war memorial in Ottawa, then stormed the Canadian Parliament before he was shot and killed by the usually ceremonial sergeant-at-arms. FILE – In a Thursday, Oct. 23, 2014 file photo, Sergeant-at-Arms Kevin Vickers receives a standing ovation as he enters the House of Commons in Ottawa. The Canadian Press reported Thursday, Jan. 8, 2015 that Vickers, hailed as a hero for killing the gunman who stormed Canada’s parliament last year will be named ambassador to Ireland. (AP Photo/The Canadian Press, Adrian Wyld, File) (AP)
FILE- In this Nov. 18, 2010, file photo traders gather near the post where General Motors Co. stock trades at the New York Stock Exchange. The S&P 500, the stock market’s benchmark index, has climbed in the 12 months after each of the midterm elections going back to 1946. That’s 18 elections, many of which ended up shuffling the balance of power in Congress. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)
Ten years ago: Wall Street tumbled again as investors worried that the global economy was poised to weaken. The major indexes fell more than 4 percent, including the Dow Jones industrial average, which finished with a loss of 514 points. FILE- In this Nov. 18, 2010, file photo traders gather near the post where General Motors Co. stock trades at the New York Stock Exchange. The S&P 500, the stock market’s benchmark index, has climbed in the 12 months after each of the midterm elections going back to 1946. That’s 18 elections, many of which ended up shuffling the balance of power in Congress. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)   (AP/Seth Wenig)
(1/7)
Some of 75 parachutists sail by Paris' Eiffel Tower Wednesday, Oct. 22, 1997 to celebrate the 200th anniversary of the first parachute jump. The first parachutist was a 28-year-old French physician named Andre-Jacques Garnerin. In 1797, he flew 1,300 feet above Monceau Park in Paris in a hot-air balloon, when he cut the balloon free and released a parachute that lowered him to the ground safely, except for a sprained ankle. Electric sign on the Eiffel Tower counts down the days until the year 2000. (APPhoto/Michel Lipchitz)
Herbert Hoover
President John F. Kennedy as he appeared on a television set in New York City  Oct. 22, 1962 informing the American people of his decision to set up a naval blockade against Cuba. (AP Photo)
Nassau Hall 1956
**ADVANCE FOR MONDAY FEB 2** Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd is shown in this 1932 photo, location not known. On the centennial of  Floyd's birth, the notorious bank robber and mass murderer is still remembered as a Robin Hood in his home states of Oklahoma and Arkansas, celebrated in pop culture and credited with bringing the FBI to prominence.  Floyd is immortalized in gangster lore and FBI records for the Kansas City Massacre of June 17, 1933, when he and another man shot two Kansas City police officers,two FBI agents and Frank Nash, a criminal Floyd was trying to spring from federal custody. (AP Photo/file)
Kevin Vickers
FILE- In this Nov. 18, 2010, file photo traders gather near the post where General Motors Co. stock trades at the New York Stock Exchange. The S&P 500, the stock market’s benchmark index, has climbed in the 12 months after each of the midterm elections going back to 1946. That’s 18 elections, many of which ended up shuffling the balance of power in Congress. (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

 

Today is Monday, Oct. 22, the 295th day of 2018. There are 70 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 22, 1979, the U.S. government allowed the deposed Shah of Iran to travel to New York for medical treatment — a decision that precipitated the Iran hostage crisis.

On this date:

In 1746, Princeton University was first chartered as the College of New Jersey.

In 1797, French balloonist Andre-Jacques Garnerin (gahr-nayr-AN’) made the first parachute descent, landing safely from a height of about 3,000 feet over Paris.

In 1811, composer and piano virtuoso Franz Liszt was born in the Hungarian town of Raiding (RY’-ding) in present-day Austria.

In 1928, Republican presidential nominee Herbert Hoover spoke of the “American system of rugged individualism” in a speech at New York’s Madison Square Garden.

In 1934, bank robber Charles “Pretty Boy” Floyd was shot to death by federal agents and local police at a farm near East Liverpool, Ohio.

In 1962, in a nationally broadcast address, President John F. Kennedy revealed the presence of Soviet-built missile bases under construction in Cuba and announced a quarantine of all offensive military equipment being shipped to the Communist island nation.

In 1981, the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization was decertified by the federal government for its strike the previous August.

In 1986, President Reagan signed into law sweeping tax-overhaul legislation.

In 1991, the European Community and the European Free Trade Association concluded a landmark accord to create a free trade zone of 19 nations by 1993.

In 2001, a second Washington, D.C., postal worker, Joseph P. Curseen, died of inhalation anthrax.

In 2002, bus driver Conrad Johnson was shot to death in Aspen Hill, Md., in the final attack carried out by the “Beltway Snipers.”

In 2014, a gunman shot and killed a soldier standing guard at a war memorial in Ottawa, then stormed the Canadian Parliament before he was shot and killed by the usually ceremonial sergeant-at-arms.

Ten years ago: Wall Street tumbled again as investors worried that the global economy was poised to weaken. The major indexes fell more than 4 percent, including the Dow Jones industrial average, which finished with a loss of 514 points. The fishing vessel Katmai sank in the Bering Sea off Alaska’s Aleutian Islands, killing seven crewmen; four survived. India launched its first mission to the moon to redraw maps of the lunar surface. (India lost contact with its lunar satellite Chandrayaan-1 last August.) The Philadelphia Phillies won Game 1 of the World Series, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays 3-2.

Five years ago: The United States defended drone strikes targeting al-Qaida operatives and others, rejecting reports by Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International questioning the legality of attacks that the groups asserted had killed or wounded scores of civilians in Yemen and Pakistan.

One year ago: The latest allegations of sexual harassment or assault in Hollywood targeted writer and director James Toback; the Los Angeles Times reported that he had been accused of sexual harassment by 38 women. U.S.-backed fighters in Syria captured the country’s largest oil field from the Islamic State group, marking a major advance against the extremists. Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe scored a major victory in national elections that decisively returned his ruling coalition to power.

Copyright © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, written or redistributed.

© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

More from WTOP

Log in to your WTOP account for notifications and alerts customized for you.

Sign up