Today in History: Oct. 20

Map shows the vast stretch of land shown April 20, 1953, nearly a million square miles, which the U.S. acquired from France in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and the subsequent westward and southward expansion that brought America to its present continental limits just half a century later, in 1953. The Louisiana Purchase involved total payments of $27,267,622. (AP Photo)
In 1803, the U.S. Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase. This map shows the vast stretch of land shown April 20, 1953, nearly a million square miles, which the U.S. acquired from France in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and the subsequent westward and southward expansion that brought America to its present continental limits just half a century later, in 1953. The Louisiana Purchase involved total payments of $27,267,622. (AP Photo) (AP)
Helen Keller (seated) and Anne Sullivan Macy, tutor for Helen Keller, in 1914. (AP Photo/American Foundation for the Blind Archives)
In 1936, Helen Keller’s teacher, Anne Sullivan Macy, died in Forest Hills, New York, at age 70. Pictured here are Keller (seated) and Macy, in 1914. (AP Photo/American Foundation for the Blind Archives) (AP)
Gen. Douglas MacArthur is seen on Leyte Island in the Philippines, October 20, 1944, during World War II.  He broadcasts to the residents "I have returned."  He also called on them to aid the American invasion forces. Standing to his left is Philippine President Sergio Osmena. (AP Photo)HC00408
In 1944, during World War II, Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped ashore at Leyte in the Philippines, 2 1/2 years after saying, “I shall return.” Standing to his left in this photo is Philippine President Sergio Osmena. (AP Photo) (AP)
H.A. Smith (extreme left) and Rep.J.Parnell Thomas (R-NJ) (right centre) stand with hands upraised Oct, 20, 1947 as Smith, committee investigator, is sworn in as the first witness  at a House Un-American Activity Committee hearing in Washington, D.C., dealing with Communist influence in Hollywood. Committee members at the desk at the right are (from left) Rep. Richard B. Vail (R-Ill); John McDowell (R-Pa); Thomas; Richard M. Nixon (R-Calif); and Rep. John J. Delaney (D-NY), a guest at the hearing. (AP Photo)
In 1947, the House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into alleged Communist influence and infiltration in the U.S. motion picture industry. Pictured here, H.A. Smith (extreme left) and Rep.J.Parnell Thomas (R-NJ) (right centre) stand with hands upraised Oct, 20, 1947 as Smith, committee investigator, is sworn in as the first witness at a House Un-American Activity Committee hearing in Washington, D.C. Committee members at the desk at the right are (from left) Rep. Richard B. Vail (R-Ill); John McDowell (R-Pa); Thomas; Richard M. Nixon (R-Calif); and Rep. John J. Delaney (D-NY), a guest at the hearing. (AP Photo) (AP)
With daughter Caroline peeking over her right shoulder, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis leaves the chapel with her new husband, Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, after their wedding on the Greek Island of Scorpios, Oct. 20, 1968.  (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)
In 1968, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis. (AP Photo/Jim Pringle) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/JIM PRINGLE)
On Oct. 20, 2011, Moammar Gadhafi, 69, Libya’s dictator for 42 years, was killed as revolutionary fighters overwhelmed his hometown of Sirte (SURT) and captured the last major bastion of resistance two months after his regime fell.  A man photographs the body of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi on a mattress in a commercial freezer at a shopping center in Misrata, Libya, Saturday, Oct. 22, 2011. A military spokesman says Libya's transitional government will declare liberation on Sunday after months of bloodshed that culminated in the death of longtime leader Gadhafi. (AP Photo/David Sperry)
On Oct. 20, 2011, Moammar Gadhafi, 69, Libya’s dictator for 42 years, was killed as revolutionary fighters overwhelmed his hometown of Sirte (SURT) and captured the last major bastion of resistance two months after his regime fell. A man photographs the body of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi on a mattress in a commercial freezer at a shopping center in Misrata, Libya, Saturday, Oct. 22, 2011. A military spokesman says Libya’s transitional government will declare liberation on Sunday after months of bloodshed that culminated in the death of longtime leader Gadhafi. (AP Photo/David Sperry) (ASSOCIATED PRESS/David Sperry)
FILE - This Oct. 20, 1977 file photo shows the wreckage of a plane in a wooded area near McComb, Miss., where six people were killed, including three members of the music group Lynyrd Skynyrd. A New York federal appeals court says a new Lynyrd Skynyrd film, "Street Survivors: The True Story of the Lynyrd Skynyrd Plane Crash," can be released despite a dispute over the band’s intentions. A lower court judge decided previously that the film violated a “blood oath” made by band members not to exploit the group’s name after the crash. (AP Photo, File)
In 1977, three members of the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd, including lead singer Ronnie Van Zant, were killed along with three others in the crash of a chartered plane near McComb, Mississippi. FILE – This Oct. 20, 1977 file photo shows the wreckage of a plane in a wooded area near McComb, Miss., where six people were killed, including three members of the music group Lynyrd Skynyrd. A New York federal appeals court says a new Lynyrd Skynyrd film, “Street Survivors: The True Story of the Lynyrd Skynyrd Plane Crash,” can be released despite a dispute over the band’s intentions. A lower court judge decided previously that the film violated a “blood oath” made by band members not to exploit the group’s name after the crash. (AP Photo, File) (AP)
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Map shows the vast stretch of land shown April 20, 1953, nearly a million square miles, which the U.S. acquired from France in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 and the subsequent westward and southward expansion that brought America to its present continental limits just half a century later, in 1953. The Louisiana Purchase involved total payments of $27,267,622. (AP Photo)
Helen Keller (seated) and Anne Sullivan Macy, tutor for Helen Keller, in 1914. (AP Photo/American Foundation for the Blind Archives)
Gen. Douglas MacArthur is seen on Leyte Island in the Philippines, October 20, 1944, during World War II.  He broadcasts to the residents "I have returned."  He also called on them to aid the American invasion forces. Standing to his left is Philippine President Sergio Osmena. (AP Photo)HC00408
H.A. Smith (extreme left) and Rep.J.Parnell Thomas (R-NJ) (right centre) stand with hands upraised Oct, 20, 1947 as Smith, committee investigator, is sworn in as the first witness  at a House Un-American Activity Committee hearing in Washington, D.C., dealing with Communist influence in Hollywood. Committee members at the desk at the right are (from left) Rep. Richard B. Vail (R-Ill); John McDowell (R-Pa); Thomas; Richard M. Nixon (R-Calif); and Rep. John J. Delaney (D-NY), a guest at the hearing. (AP Photo)
With daughter Caroline peeking over her right shoulder, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis leaves the chapel with her new husband, Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, after their wedding on the Greek Island of Scorpios, Oct. 20, 1968.  (AP Photo/Jim Pringle)
On Oct. 20, 2011, Moammar Gadhafi, 69, Libya’s dictator for 42 years, was killed as revolutionary fighters overwhelmed his hometown of Sirte (SURT) and captured the last major bastion of resistance two months after his regime fell.  A man photographs the body of Libyan dictator Moammar Gadhafi on a mattress in a commercial freezer at a shopping center in Misrata, Libya, Saturday, Oct. 22, 2011. A military spokesman says Libya's transitional government will declare liberation on Sunday after months of bloodshed that culminated in the death of longtime leader Gadhafi. (AP Photo/David Sperry)
FILE - This Oct. 20, 1977 file photo shows the wreckage of a plane in a wooded area near McComb, Miss., where six people were killed, including three members of the music group Lynyrd Skynyrd. A New York federal appeals court says a new Lynyrd Skynyrd film, "Street Survivors: The True Story of the Lynyrd Skynyrd Plane Crash," can be released despite a dispute over the band’s intentions. A lower court judge decided previously that the film violated a “blood oath” made by band members not to exploit the group’s name after the crash. (AP Photo, File)

Today is Saturday, Oct. 20, the 293rd day of 2018.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Oct. 20, 1973, in the so-called “Saturday Night Massacre,” special Watergate prosecutor Archibald Cox was dismissed and Attorney General Elliot L. Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William B. Ruckelshaus resigned.

On this date:

In 1803, the U.S. Senate ratified the Louisiana Purchase.

In 1936, Helen Keller’s teacher, Anne Sullivan Macy, died in Forest Hills, New York, at age 70.

In 1944, during World War II, Gen. Douglas MacArthur stepped ashore at Leyte (LAY’-tee) in the Philippines, 2 1/2 years after saying, “I shall return.”

In 1947, the House Un-American Activities Committee opened hearings into alleged Communist influence and infiltration in the U.S. motion picture industry.

In 1967, a jury in Meridian, Mississippi, convicted seven men of violating the civil rights of slain civil rights workers James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner; the seven received prison terms ranging from 3 to 10 years.

In 1968, former first lady Jacqueline Kennedy married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis.

In 1976, 78 people were killed when the Norwegian tanker Frosta rammed the commuter ferry George Prince on the Mississippi River near New Orleans.

In 1977, three members of the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd, including lead singer Ronnie Van Zant, were killed along with three others in the crash of a chartered plane near McComb, Mississippi.

In 1987, 10 people were killed when an Air Force jet crashed into a Ramada Inn hotel near Indianapolis International Airport after the pilot, who was trying to make an emergency landing, ejected safely.

In 1990, three members of the rap group 2 Live Crew were acquitted by a jury in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., of violating obscenity laws with an adults-only concert in nearby Hollywood the previous June.

In 2001, officials announced that anthrax had been discovered in a House postal facility on Capitol Hill.

In 2011, Moammar Gadhafi, 69, Libya’s dictator for 42 years, was killed as revolutionary fighters overwhelmed his hometown of Sirte (SURT) and captured the last major bastion of resistance two months after his regime fell.

Ten years ago: A rising wave of optimism lifted Wall Street, propelling the Dow Jones industrials up more than 400 points on more signs of a reviving credit market and hints from Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke that the government would take more steps to help the economy. Arkansas TV anchorwoman Anne Pressly was found severely beaten in her Little Rock home; she died several days later. (Curtis Vance is serving a life sentence for Pressley’s murder.) Taliban gunmen in Kabul, Afghanistan, killed Christian aid worker Gayle Williams, a British-South African national. Sister Emmanuelle, a Belgium-born nun who’d lived for years in Cairo’s slums, died in Callian, France, at age 99.

Five years ago: One year ago: A suicide bomber slammed his explosives-laden car into a busy cafe in Baghdad, killing some three dozen people. In Egypt, masked gunmen fired on a Coptic church holding a wedding in the Cairo district of Warraq, killing five people.

One year ago: The U.S. government said 24 of its workers had now been confirmed to be victims of invisible attacks in Cuba. Suicide bombers struck two mosques in Afghanistan during Friday prayers, killing more than 60 people.

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© 2018 The Associated Press. All Rights Reserved.

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